Terpenes in cbd oil

Hemp flower naturally expresses hundreds of different types of oils. Some of these oils, including flavonoids and terpenes, are also present in other plant species. Cannabinoids, however, such as CBD, are unique to Cannabis sativa, so they aren’t found anywhere else in nature. Research into hemp has mainly focused on c Wondering what terpenes are and what their role in CBD oil is? In this article, we cover the most commonly found terpenes in CBD products, explain their therapeutic properties, and their contribution to the entourage effect. Learn what terpenes in CBD products are and what different types of terpenes contribute to the overall benefits of Envy CBD’s potent and premium CBD products.

Top 13 CBD Oil Terpenes Explained—What Terpenes Are & What They Do

Hemp flower naturally expresses hundreds of different types of oils . Some of these oils, including flavonoids and terpenes, are also present in other plant species. Cannabinoids, however, such as CBD, are unique to Cannabis sativa , so they aren’t found anywhere else in nature.

Research into hemp has mainly focused on cannabinoids up until this point, but recently, scientists have also become intrigued by the terpenes present in hemp flower and their potential benefits. While some terpenes are found in almost every hemp cultivar, each strain of CBD flower has a different terpene ratio, and certain rare hemp terpenes are almost impossible to find. In this guide, we’ll tell you what terpenes are and explain how they add to your Secret Nature CBD flower experience.

What are terpenes?

Terpenes are aromatic oils found in mature Cannabis sativa buds. Each terpene has a unique aroma and flavor, and research into terpenes suggests that these oils may offer potent benefits aside from smelling and tasting good.

Some studies, for instance, suggest that terpenes may have antioxidant effects , which means they might boost the effects of cannabinoids. Many terpenes have been used in Eastern medicine for thousands of years, which lends credibility to their use in medical applications.

What are terpenes in CBD oil?

Some types of CBD extract, such as full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD oil, preserve the terpenes that are naturally present in CBD flower. When present in CBD oil, terpenes add natural flavoring. Terpenes in CBD oil also provide some degree of added aroma, but the delicious smells that terpenes offer are not as noticeable in CBD oil form as they are in CBD flower.

One notable exception is live resin CBD extract, which preserves both the flavors and aromas of hemp terpenes almost perfectly. It’s also possible to reintroduce isolated cannabis-derived terpenes into full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, or isolate CBD products after they are formulated.

What do terpenes do?

While research into the effects of hemp terpenes is still in its infancy, thousands of anecdotal testimonials suggest that these compounds significantly alter the effects of CBD and other cannabinoids. Certain terpenes, for instance, appear to cause CBD flower to become more energizing, and other terpenes may induce a restful effect.

The separation of cannabis strains into “indica” and “sativa” phenotypes might have been the result of a taxonomical error , but these categories effectively describe the varying effects that different terpene profiles exert. Research continues to indicate that it’s the terpenes in hemp flower that make a strain either indica or sativa—not the cannabinoids.

Do terpenes get you high?

While certain terpenes, such as caryophyllene, appear to interact with the cannabinoid receptors in the brain, there is no indication that terpenes cause an intoxicating effect. Like CBD, CBG, CBN, and all of the other cannabinoids aside from THC, marijuana terpenes appear to be non-intoxicating, which means they won’t get you high.

What are the health benefits of terpenes?

Each terpene has a different chemical composition, which means that the health benefits of terpenes are extremely varied. Most, but not all, terpenes appear to have antioxidant effects, and other terpenes might express antifungal, antibacterial, or even antispasmodic properties.

How to use terpenes

As producers of the planet’s finest hemp products, the Secret Nature team is well aware of how to extract terpenes and how to dilute terpenes. For most hemp users, however, it’s only necessary to know how to consume terpenes, not how to prepare them.

The best way to use terpenes is to consume these beneficial oils in CBD flower or in a different kind of full-spectrum CBD product. Terpenes have the best effects when they are used in combination, and it also appears that these oils are more effective when combined with cannabinoids.

You can also use terpenes in their isolated forms. Just as it’s possible to isolate cannabinoids, it’s also possible to isolate terpenes, and we use isolated cannabis terpenes in our Hemp Flower Nectar tincture for flavoring and increased benefits. If you want to use terpenes specifically for their beneficial effects, however, full-spectrum hemp products are the way to go.

List of terpenes found in hemp

Hemp contains dozens of different terpenes and the exact terpene profile that hemp contains varies from strain to strain. In the following list, we’ll introduce you to 13 different CBD terpenes. Some of these terpenes are found in almost every Cannabis sativa cultivar, and others are relatively rare. Let’s dive in:

1. Pinene

Also found in pine trees, pinene has two forms that each has distinctive, piney scents. Pinene is one of the most common terpenes in hemp, and it appears to have antioxidant benefits.

2. Humulene

Humulene is an earthy terpene that is also found in the hops used to make beer. You can find this terpene in various tree species, and it has been used in Eastern medicine for centuries.

3. Caryophyllene

Caryophyllene is one of the most common terpenes found in hemp, and it’s also the only terpene known to stimulate the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the brain. Also found in black pepper and other spices, caryophyllene has a spicy, peppery aroma and taste that’s reminiscent of cloves.

4. Ocimene

Ocimene is relatively rare in hemp, but it’s very common in various flower and herb species. This terpene appears to have antiviral and antibacterial properties, and it has woody overtones that combine with light, sweet notes to create a unique aroma.

5. Limonene

Limonene is very common in sativa-dominant CBD flower strains, and this terpene has a powerful citrus aroma that resembles lemon zest. Chemically, limonene is very similar in structure to CBD, and this terpene is unsurprisingly found in every type of citrus fruit.

6. Linalool

Linalool is the reason that lavender smells like lavender, and scientists believe that this terpene could even be responsible for lavender’s sleep-promoting effects . Linalool is also an antioxidant, and it appears to have mood-balancing benefits

7. Myrcene

Every strain of Cannabis sativa contains at least some myrcene, and in most strains, myrcene is the dominant terpene. While most hemp strains only contain tiny concentrations of other terpenes, myrcene molecules are often present in relatively high quantities, and this terpene has a musky, earthy aroma. Myrcene is also found in thyme, lemongrass, hops, and mangoes.

8. Terpinolene

Terpinolene is present in an odd mix of plants including citrus fruits, mint species, parsnips, and juniper. It’s hard to pin down the flavor profile of this elusive terpene—one moment, it smells like citrus, and the next moment, it smells like flowers. Most hemp experts agree, though, that terpene is an essential component of the energetic buzz that sativa-dominant strains provide.

9. Sabinene

Sabinene is a rare terpene that’s present in Norway spruce, carrot seeds, and black pepper. This terpene has a spicy, woody aroma, and it appears that sabinene has antioxidant and antibacterial properties.

10. Phellandrene

Phellandrene is hardly ever found in hemp, but it’s readily available in various plants including water fennel, parsley, cinnamon, dill, ginger grass, and pine trees. This terpene is commonly used in cosmetics due to its high absorption rate, and practitioners of Eastern medicine have used phellandrene for centuries. Phellandrene has a woody, minty aroma with traces of citrus.

11. Borneol

While commonly used in Chinese medicine under the name “moxa,” Borneol hasn’t received much attention in the Western world until recently. This terpene is extremely rare in hemp, but it appears that borneol has powerful analgesic properties that complement its sharp, herbal aroma. Borneol is also found in camphor, mint, and mugwort.

12. Isoborneol

Isoborneol has the same molecules as borneol, but they are arranged in a different structure. This terpene is found in the same non-hemp plant sources as borneol, and it has a similar aroma. While borneol smells more like mint, however, isoborneol smells more like cinnamon. Like borneol, isoborneol is very rare in hemp cultivars.

13. Phytol

Phytol has a grassy aroma, and it is extremely rare in cannabis. When present, however, it appears that phytol provides potent antioxidant properties. This terpene is also present in green tea, and in the pharmaceutical industry, phytol is used to synthesize vitamin E and vitamin K.

Best Terpene-Rich Secret Nature Flower Strains

Each Secret Nature flower strain has a different taste and aroma due to the terpenes it contains. In this section, we’ll introduce you to three of our most popular strains and show how the terpene profiles in Secret Dream, Papaya Nights, and Dough Boy help explain their unique effects:

Secret Dream

Secret Nature Secret Dream is like Blue Dream but without the THC. This sativa-dominant hybrid strain has a terpene profile that’s relaxing and invigorating at the same time, and Secret Dream has a light color profile that’s accompanied by a thick layer of frosty trichomes.

Strain details

  • Sativa-dominant
  • 19.1% CBD
  • 20.1% total cannabinoids
  • Organic, indoor-grown, and hand-trimmed

Top terpenes

  • Myrcene
  • Caryophyllene
  • Alpha-pinene
  • Terpinolene
  • Humulene

Papaya Nights

Papaya Nights is proof that terpenes have benefits that go beyond their mere effects. Due to its unique terpene profile, this sativa-dominant strain smells amazing, and Secret Nature Papaya Nights buds are so frosty you can hardly see the green underneath.

Strain details

  • Sativa-dominant
  • 19.7% CBD
  • 21.5% total cannabinoids
  • Organic, indoor-grown, and hand-trimmed

Top terpenes

  • Myrcene
  • Caryophyllene
  • Humulene
  • Alpha-pinene
  • Linalool

Dough Boy

Dough Boy is a hybrid strain, and this cultivar’s unique mix of myrcene, pinene, and linalool terpenes provides it with a taste and aroma that’s just like cake batter. This strain produces big, dense nugs, and like all Secret Nature flower options, Dough Boy is lab-tested and ships in a hermetically-sealed tin.

Strain details

  • Hybrid strain
  • 20.5% CBD
  • 21.8% total cannabinoids
  • Organic, indoor-grown, and hand-trimmed

Top terpenes

  • Myrcene
  • Alpha-pinene
  • Linalool
  • Beta-pinene
  • Limonene

Enjoy the most impressive CBD flower terpene profiles today

At Secret Nature, we take great pride in our organic, sustainable cultivation processes. Terpenes only express themselves to their fullest extent when hemp flower is grown to perfection, which is why Secret Nature flower is the dankest and most delicious hemp bud you can find.

Aside from our top-shelf hemp nugs, we also take great care to preserve the terpenes in our other products. From our Hemp Flower Nectar tincture to our Live Resin Hemp Badder, we afford terpenes the respect they deserve by only including full-spectrum hemp extract in our products. Some of our products even contain live resin, which is even more delicious and terpene-rich.

It’s time to experience everything that terpenes have to offer. Pick a Secret Nature flower option from the list above to get started today, and save 15% on your first order with the coupon code Secret 15.

Terpenes in CBD: What They Are, Benefits, & Effects

CBD oil is just one of the plethora of natural products containing terpenes.

In fact, you don’t need to be familiar with cannabis to consume terpenes — they are present in virtually any plant out there, including herbs, fruits, and vegetables.

Terpenes are a scientific name to describe aromatic compounds that we all interact with within our everyday lives.

For cannabis and terpenes, abundance and diversity are the names of the game.

But did you know that terpenes are more than just about aromas and flavors? They can also interact with THC and other cannabinoids to create a phenomenon known as the entourage effect.

Most of the time, terpenes are included in a CBD extract. Sometimes, however, hemp companies separate and reintroduce them to the end product to create different ratios and make a broad-spectrum product or enhance the efficacy of CBD distillates.

Wondering why terpenes are so important for CBD oil? Why are they suddenly on everyone’s tongue?

Below you’ll find the answer.

What Are Terpenes?

There are over 500 phytochemicals in cannabis, about 140 of which are known as terpenes.

Terpenes are highly volatile, aromatic compounds found in all plants — not only cannabis. However, as we’ve mentioned earlier, cannabis is particularly abundant in these molecules.

Terpenes are responsible for how these plants smell and taste. Every time you waft a fruit, herb, or vegetable, or when walking around the garden — you come into contact with terpenes.

Several hundreds of terpenes have been identified globally, and over 100 of them have been linked to hemp plants. However, only a few terpenes occur in hemp in concentrations significant enough to be important for our health.

The main reason why people have become interested in terpenes is the extra health benefits they come with. Researchers have been investigating their therapeutic potential for decades — concluding they have much to offer regarding our physiological and emotional well-being.

As a matter of fact, aromatherapy has been used for centuries due to its holistic, natural effects.

Are Terpenes the Same as Terpenoids?

You may often hear people using the words “terpenes” and “terpenoids” interchangeably — are they right?

The short answer: no.

Terpenes and terpenoids have slightly different chemical structures. Terpenes are found in living cannabis plants in their trichomes (hormonal glands) located on the surface of their flowers. Terpenoids start to form when you dry and cure the herb. These two processes change the molecular makeup of terpenes.

Terpenoids are commonly combined with other natural ingredients to create perfumes, essential oils, and spices. Researchers suggest that terpenoids can lower, increase, or change the potency and duration of the effects induced by cannabinoids aside from giving the buds their unique fragrances and flavors.

Simply put, the effects of CBD are modulated by terpenes; otherwise, they would be bland, and its benefits weakened.

Are Terpenes Safe?

Terpenes are generally considered safe. These organic substances can have a range of positive effects on our health. For instance, they can indirectly increase dopamine levels, positively affecting our mood; terpenes are also known for their stress-relieving and anti-inflammatory properties on top of being able to enhance the therapeutic properties of cannabis.

That being said, research has yet to confirm whether these therapeutic effects of terpenes are clinically significant. Some people can also be allergic to specific terpenes. Although these compounds don’t trigger allergies themselves, they can do it upon air exposure, so if your nose gets runny after interacting with certain aromas, it may indicate allergies.

The Most Abundant Terpenes in CBD Oil

Terpenes are known for providing cannabis plants with appealing aromas. Still, at the same time, they also contribute to the entourage effect, increasing the therapeutic potential of other CBD and other cannabinoids. That’s the primary reason why most people choose full-spectrum CBD over isolates. Full-spectrum CBD comes from the whole plant, reflecting its original phytochemical profile.

Here are the most abundant terpenes in CBD oil — with their health benefits explained.


As you can guess by the name, limonene brings the fragrances of citrus fruits. It’s typically found in the zest o citruses, such as lemon, lime, and orange. Limonene has energizing, stress-relieving, and anti-fungal properties; medical researchers have also found it can act as an anti-irritant and improve cannabinoids and other terpenes .


You can find pinene in pine needles as well as in a selection of citrus fruits. In Chinese folk medicine, terpene is an anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and bronchodilating agent.


Myrcene is another common terpene in cannabis. It has a pungent, earthy, and fruity fragrance. Despite being the smallest terpene, it can make it easier for cannabinoids to penetrate the brain-blood barrier — increasing their potency. It also acts as a muscle relaxant and can cause drowsiness in high doses. The scientific literature mentions myrcene as an antibacterial compound that can also reduce pain .


If your cannabis strain has a floral smell, it’s probably high in linalool. This terpene is commonly found in chamomile and lavender. Hemp companies often use it in topical creams and ointments for its soothing scent and calming effects .


You can find beta-caryophyllene in cloves, cinnamon, black pepper, and broccoli. It’s one of the most promising terpenes in terms of their therapeutic effects. It’s also known as “the dietary cannabinoid” because it can similarly interact with cannabinoid receptors to cannabinoids. This mechanism enables beta-caryophyllene to reduce pain and inflammation .


Bisabolol is a fragrant terpene that offers calming effects. It is found mainly in chamomile, but it also occurs in high concentrations in a less popular plant — The candeia tree in Brazil. This terpene is widely used in the skincare space due to its anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties .


Terpineol smells similar to trees, lilacs, and lime blossoms; it is also present in many exotic fruits. This terpene is often used to infuse lotions and perfumes. Terpineol has potent anti-oxidative properties, according to scientists .


This terpene is underlined by notes of apples, roses, and citrus fruits. It commonly occurs in tea trees, lemongrass, and jasmine. Research suggests that trans-nerolidol demonstrates potent antifungal, antiparasitic, and sedative effects .

Benefits & Effects of Terpenes in CBD

Terpenes offer a wealth of health benefits on their own. However, they can also modulate the effects of cannabinoids, including CBD and THC. Humans have evolved to consume cannabinoids, and the endocannabinoid system (ECS) is soundproof that. Both cannabinoids and terpenes can interact with the receptors in the ECS to help the body maintain homeostasis — biochemical balance between all systems and organs.

This unique synergy between cannabinoids and terpenes is known as “the entourage effect” or “the ensemble effect.”

How Terpenes Contribute to the Entourage Effect

The entourage effect has been studied by scientists since its introduction in 1998, when Raphael Mechoulam, the father of cannabis research, discovered that whole-plant extracts could produce more pronounced therapeutic effects than every compound from these extracts used in isolation.

This concept was further elaborated on by Dr. Ethan Bud Russo, a neuroscientist, and cannabis expert, in his work “Taming THC: Cannabis Synergy and Phytocannabinoid-Terpenoid Interactions.”

The entourage effect assumes a unique relationship between cannabis, terpenes, and flavonoids in cannabis. When the said molecules are consumed in the form of dried flowers or as an oily extract, they enhance the efficacy of CBD and THC while mitigating potentially unwanted reactions.

The entourage effect isn’t unique to terpenes. For example, CBD is known to counteract the psychotropic potential of THC, which may prove useful for people who are sensitive to high doses of the latter. CBD can be used to balance the intoxication from THC, resulting in a more clear-headed sensation.

THC, in turn, can amplify the anti-inflammatory and relaxing effects of CBD when introduced even in small doses.

Simply put, whole buds and full-spectrum extracts are believed to work better than their broad-spectrum or isolate-based counterparts.

Another interesting study on this phenomenon found that cannabis strains with equal or higher ratios of CBD to THC can improve the plant’s therapeutic potential up to 4 times as much as THC alone .

The study’s authors concluded that taking twice the amount of a THC isolate had no impact on its therapeutic effects except that the high was dull and more trippy — triggering anxiety and paranoia more often than even the high-THC strains.

How to Use CBD Terpenes

Terpenes aren’t as appealing on their own due to their low potency. However, they can make a significant difference when added to a CBD product. They are usually infused into CBD oils to provide it with desired fragrances aside from modulating the effects of CBD and other cannabinoids.

Manufacturers add terpenes using a process known as fractional distillation. Here’s how they do it with CBD oils and vape pens.

Add Terpenes into CBD Oil

After CO2 extraction, the hemp extract contains all naturally occurring compounds in hemp. The product can be left unfiltered and sold as “raw CBD oil” or undergo fractional distillation. True to its name, this process isolates individual compounds and places them in different chambers to be reintroduced to the final product.

There are two reasons why hemp manufacturers go for fractional distillation. First, it helps them keep the amount of THC below the legal 0.3% threshold; the manufacturer can precisely infuse the amount of THC they’re looking for. Second, this process helps capture the more fragile terpenes that would otherwise degrade during decarboxylation and filtration. Once these steps have been taken care of, the manufacturer can reintroduce terpenes to the final formula.

CBD Vapes with Terpenes

Adding terpenes to CBD vapes is easier than doing the same with CBD oil; you can actually infuse your CBD vape liquid with terpenes at home. Just make sure that you have a high-quality CBD liquid, thinning agents such as vegetable glycerin and propylene glycol, and your favorite terpenes.

Experts say it’s best to use a 1% terpene solution to achieve the desired flavors and sweetness. The carriers should make the maximum of your solution; the second place is CBD, and then you can start adding terpenes.

Final Thoughts On Terpenes And Their Role in CBD Products

Researchers and phytopharmacologists interested in the health benefits of cannabis have been investigating the influence of terpenes on cannabis extracts for decades.

Terpenes are more than just aromatic molecules. In fact, they can considerably affect the therapeutic profile of your CBD oil. There’s still a lot to discover when it comes to the relationship between cannabinoids and terpenes. Still, these compounds are necessary if you want to experience the full benefits of cannabis.

That’s why you won’t find single-molecule herbs. They’re always accompanied by supportive ingredients like terpenes.

Which terpenes do you like the most in CBD oil? Do you prefer citrusy notes, or are you into floral and earthy hints?

  1. Sun, Jidong. “D-Limonene: safety and clinical applications.” Alternative medicine review: a journal of clinical therapeutics vol. 12,3 (2007): 259-64.
  2. Salehi, Bahare et al. “Therapeutic Potential of α- and β-Pinene: A Miracle Gift of Nature.” Biomolecules vol. 9,11 738. 14 Nov. 2019, doi:10.3390/biom9110738 (1)
  3. Jansen, C et al. “Myrcene and terpene regulation of TRPV1.” Channels (Austin, Tex.) vol. 13,1 (2019): 344-366. doi:10.1080/19336950.2019.1654347 (2)
  4. Buchbauer, G et al. “Aromatherapy: evidence for sedative effects of the essential oil of lavender after inhalation.” Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung. C, Journal of biosciences vol. 46,11-12 (1991): 1067-72. doi:10.1515/znc-1991-11-1223
  5. Gertsch, Jürg et al. “Beta-caryophyllene is a dietary cannabinoid.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America vol. 105,26 (2008): 9099-104. doi:10.1073/pnas.0803601105
  6. Maurya, Anil K et al. “α-(-)-bisabolol reduces pro-inflammatory cytokine production and ameliorates skin inflammation.” Current pharmaceutical biotechnology vol. 15,2 (2014): 173-81. doi:10.2174/1389201015666140528152946
  7. Zengin, Hatice, and Ayse H Baysal. “Antibacterial and antioxidant activity of essential oil terpenes against pathogenic and spoilage-forming bacteria and cell structure-activity relationships evaluated by SEM microscopy.” Molecules (Basel, Switzerland) vol. 19,11 17773-98. 3 Nov. 2014, doi:10.3390/molecules191117773 (3)
  8. Silva, Marcos P N et al. “Antischistosomal activity of the terpene nerolidol.” Molecules (Basel, Switzerland) vol. 19,3 3793-803. 24 Mar. 2014, doi:10.3390/molecules19033793
  9. Russo E. B. (2011). Taming THC: potential cannabis synergy and phytocannabinoid-terpenoid entourage effects. British journal of pharmacology , 163 (7), 1344–1364. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1476-5381.2011.01238.x (4)
  10. Boggs, D. L., Nguyen, J. D., Morgenson, D., Taffe, M. A., & Ranganathan, M. (2018). Clinical and Preclinical Evidence for Functional Interactions of Cannabidiol and Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol. Neuropsychopharmacology: official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology , 43 (1), 142–154. https://doi.org/10.1038/npp.2017.209 (5)
Nina Julia

Nina created CFAH.org following the birth of her second child. She was a science and math teacher for 6 years prior to becoming a parent — teaching in schools in White Plains, New York and later in Paterson, New Jersey.


It doesn’t matter if you are new to the industry or consider yourself a veteran. The CBD world is evolving quickly, which means things change fast. So there is always something new to learn. If you’ve been around the CBD world for some time, you’ve probably heard the term terpenes get tossed around at some point or another. There is a positive connotation with the word terpenes, which seems to indicate that the existence of these so-called terpenes is a good thing. But what are terpenes in CBD?

Even if you have not heard of their name, you’ve come across them before. Terpenes are found everywhere and are more common than you might realize. Whether you’ve seen it listed as an ingredient on your CBD oil or a beauty product, it is almost everywhere. So today, we will talk about the different types of terpenes and their role in broad spectrum CBD.


We are going to start simple with what broad spectrum CBD is. Broad spectrum products are the ones that contain all the components of the hemp plant, except THC. These products are similar to broad spectrum CBD, which contain all the cannabinoids including THC, but they lack the psychoactive cannabinoid THC. Unlike traditional pharmaceutical companies that prefer to extract a single compound for drug development, we lean towards broad spectrum CBD to ensure we reap the benefits of the entire plant.

When we use the whole plant, other phytocannabinoids and terpenes are in the CBD product too. This distinction is crucial since CBD is just one of the hundreds of cannabinoids found within cannabis and hemp plants. Broad spectrum CBD is more beneficial than an isolate because the plant components amplify each other’s therapeutic benefits. Hence they achieve something known as the entourage effect. We’ll come back to this shortly.


So we know what broad spectrum CBD is. What are these terpenes that it contains? At a high level, terpenes are the aromatic, volatile compounds found in plants (not just CBD products). Whenever you smell flowers or fresh fruit, you are experiencing different types of terpenes at work. It may not be obvious, but terpenes surround us in our daily lives.

When it comes to cannabis, terpenes are the compounds that give the plant its individual, unique smell. Many don’t realize that THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids have no odor. So the fragrance comes from whichever terpenes are present. The terpenes in CBD products with THC are what produce the specific flavors.

Terpenes serve a more significant function than simply creating aroma or taste. Scientists believe they have additional beneficial properties. The existence of terpenes is not a new thing. And scientists who have been studying terpenes for a while have been led to believe specific terpenes could have different therapeutic effects. Several researchers have made notes of the role terpenes could play in aromatherapy, a holistic healing practice.

Now, a plant can have a large variety of different terpenes. When it comes to cannabis, there are maybe 200 various types of terpenes in the plant. But only a select handful of them appear in substantial amounts.


Think about all the different herbs and flowers we encounter with their distinct aromas and properties, from lavender to orange blossoms to rosemary–they are all brimming with terpenes. They have components that can make us feel good as well. For example, lavender has a calming effect. We can use orange blossom as a nerve tonic. And rosemary has long been known to be beneficial for the respiratory system. What might be surprising is that all of these terpenes are also in hemp.

Due to their healing properties, terpenes have long been the subject of scientific research. Dr. Ethan Russo was the researcher who ultimately described what the roles of terpenes in CBD are.

His paper coined the phrase the entourage effect. When it comes to hemp and CBD oil, we are not interested in all the individual properties of the various types of terpenes. Especially since the hemp plant itself has over 400 active compounds. Instead, we are interested in what all the components have to offer together. While modern medicine may favor the single extraction of compounds for drugs, whole plant extracts provide more benefits.

The blend of various compounds and substances creates this synergy that amplifies the overall effects, otherwise known as the entourage effect.


So now that we know what terpenes in CBD are and how they can help create the entourage effect, it is time to talk about the different types of terpenes and their benefits. Almost all our products contain trace amounts and sometimes, large amounts of terpenes. It’s crucial to understand what those individual terpenes are and what they add to the CBD products.


Much like its name suggests, pinene exists in pine needles, other conifers, sage, rosemary, and some citrus fruits. The aroma can be sharp and sweet. In aromatherapy, pinene can affect memory retention and alertness. Its therapeutic benefits include its use as an anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial agent.


Linalool is one of the terpenes in CBD with a delicate and floral aroma. It is present in lavender, rosewood, citrus, laurel, and birch. Many brands add linalool to their beauty products or topicals because of the pleasant scent. Linalool can have calming effects in aromatherapy as a sleep aid or anti-anxiety ingredient. It can also help with stress, depression, pain, and even convulsions.


When it comes to cannabis, the myrcene terpene is one of the most common terpenes in CBD to be brought up. It has a musky, earthy, and herbal aroma that people associate with cannabis. Although it is the smallest terpene, myrcene has powerful effects on the body. It also creates a drowsy, sleepy effect by making people feel tired. Outside of hemp and cannabis, it is present in mango, thyme, lemongrass, and bay leaves. Myrcene can have anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antimicrobial, and antifungal effects.


Limonene is another type of terpene that is named accordingly. This terpene exists in citrus fruits, and it has the aroma of lemons. It is a mood booster terpene in CBD with the potential to alleviate emotional turbulence and provide general stress relief. As far as other therapeutic or medical properties, it is known to be an antifungal and anti-inflammatory agent. It can be helpful for anxiety, depression, and gastric reflux.

Now, what’s particularly interesting about limonene is the role it plays in CBD. It is a very important terpene because it expedites the absorption rate of other terpenes.


Caryophyllene is abundant in cloves, cinnamon, basil, oregano, and black pepper. It has a spicy, woody, or pepper-like aroma. The caryophyllene terpene in CBD is unique because it doesn’t have evident physical effects. Although, it has shown potential in helping with insomnia, muscle spasms, and pain. What sets it apart from other types of terpenes is that it may have the potential to interact with the endocannabinoid system, similar to cannabinoids.


Humulene is another common terpene in CBD that is also present in hops and coriander and has an earthy and woody scent. This terpene can act as an appetite suppressant and an anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial agent.


An oversimplified way to think of terpenes is to think of them as essential oils. Hemp and cannabis plants have specific tastes and aromas due to the presence of their terpenes. And much like there are essential oils for everything, terpenes can also provide specific physical effects such as a calming sensation or help with alertness.

Not all labs test to know if there are terpenes in their CBD products. So they may not show in the lab reports or Certificates of Analysis. However, that does not mean they are not present. If you are ever concerned about the terpenes present in a product or do not see them listed in the COA, reach out to the company or brand directly.

At Envy CBD, almost all our products contain trace amounts of various types of terpenes because we prefer to lean towards creating broad spectrum CBD products. All our lab reports are made readily available, and we are more than happy to answer any questions you may have. Below is a breakdown of the terpene content for a few of our product categories.


To summarize what terpenes are in CBD products, we can point to the different roles they play. Because of their healing properties and distinct aromas, terpenes have several therapeutic uses, especially in aromatherapy. Broad spectrum CBD means that all of the terpenes and cannabinoids of the whole plant stay intact during processing. And this impacts how the body receives CBD.

Unlike in modern medicine, where they favor a single extract of a compound for the production of pharmaceutical drugs, broad spectrum CBD uses a combination of terpenes and various cannabinoids. The synergy between different substances working together creates the entourage effect. CBD isolate products cannot achieve this effect. And that is a big reason why Envy CBD leans heavily towards broad spectrum CBD products.

Plants contain hundreds and hundreds of different types of terpenes responsible for their aromas. Cannabis and hemp plants are no exception. While there are around 200 terpenes in the cannabis plant, there is only a handful that has significant amounts to be noticeable. Each terpene in CBD has different physical effects and medical properties with the potential to enhance the product. In other words, it works together to provide multiplied perks.

Whether or not you knew what terpenes were in CBD, it is more than likely that you’ve encountered them at various points throughout your life. Many of the scents we recognize, such as citrus, lavender, rosewood, sage, and so on, are the result of terpenes at work. We’re already very familiar with the benefits of some of these herbs and plants, so it is no surprise that the terpenes from these extracts also have similar benefits.

The most common types of terpenes in broad spectrum CBD are pinene, linalool, myrcene, limonene, caryophyllene, and humulene. Pinene at a high level is great for memory retention, alertness, and asthma. Linalool is recognized for its association with lavender and has calming benefits for anxiety and depression. Myrcene creates a musky and dank aroma that has come to be associated with cannabis. Limonene helps increase the absorption rate of other terpenes. Caryophyllene helps with insomnia, and humulene is an appetite suppressant.


Terpenes in CBD have much more to offer than just providing a distinct taste or smell. It is not common knowledge that terpenes have so many natural uses. Much like essential oils, there is likely a terpene for everything. While you can use CBD isolates on their own, the interaction of all the hemp compounds in broad spectrum CBD offers better overall benefits. When the terpenes interact with the other substances present, their properties are magnified, creating a better experience for the user.

An easy way to think about terpenes is to think about them the way you would with essential oils. While they are not the complete story, they add an extra layer to the CBD experience. Various types of terpenes have different properties, and everyone has a different preference for aromas or scents. While not all labs test for terpene content in their CBD products, this doesn’t mean they are not present. The next time you are looking for a CBD product to address specific pain points or needs, consider products that contain terpenes that may directly impact those needs.

We encourage all of our customers to do research and due diligence before making any CBD purchase. Reputable brands will always provide Certificates of Analysis that break down the exact contents. Envy CBD is proud to be a premium provider of potent and organic CBD products. See some of our CBD tinctures below, or visit our shop to choose from our vast collection of premium CBD products.


This CBD-infused tincture oil has the crisp, sweet, and ultra-satisfying flavor of green & red apples. It makes wellness a necessary and tasty part of life.

cbd tincture oil – orange

This CBD-infused tincture oil features an incredible orange flavor, complete with zesty overtones and saccharine undertones. It provides a tasty alternative to achieving overall wellness.

CBD TINCTURE OIL – strawberry watermelon

This CBD-infused tincture oil pairs the flavor of freshly-picked California strawberries with plump, juicy, and succulent watermelons. It helps you achieve total relaxation on a sweet note!

Cbd oil smoothie

I’m sharing my easy, super-groovy Green CBD Oil Smoothie, which is completely plant-based, vegan, gluten-free, added-sugar free, and nutritious. During one of our recent CBD For Life team Zoom calls, we discussed our disgust for our newfound snacking habits. We talked about making better choices and sharing healthy recipes. Among some of the recipes shared were some delicious smoothies, which we all agreed are a much better alternative to a bag of Salt and Vinegar chips. Mangoes and turmeric contain vitamins and antioxidants that are said to help brighten dull skin. To give this smoothie some heat, add a pinch of crushed red pepper flakes and a little bit more salt before you blend.

Green CBD Oil Smoothie

I’m sharing my easy, super-groovy Green CBD Oil Smoothie, which is completely plant-based, vegan, gluten-free, added-sugar free, nutritious, and creamy-delicious. It has 17 mg of CBD, plus this smoothie is naturally sweetened with bananas, and has the green power of leafy greens, avocados, and hemp seeds. It provides you with 17 g of protein and 13 g of fiber, too!

I am sure you’re aware that CBD oil has been popping up everywhere lately, and people have touted its seemingly miraculous ability to treat a variety of ailments and conditions. While the science on the effectiveness of CBD oil is still developing, many studies have shown its potential to improve sleep, relive symptoms of arthritis, epilepsy, and chronic pain, and reduce anxiety and depression. Though CBD may not be the miracle cure-all that some claim it to be, I think that incorporating CBD oil into your healthy diet and lifestyle is safe and may hold some potential benefits to your wellbeing. For more information about the effects of CBD oil on your health, check out my post: Is CBD Oil Good for Your Health? Get the Answers to Your Top Questions

If you are looking for ways to incorporate CBD into your daily routine, look no further than my refreshing Green CBD Oil Smoothie! Along with fiber-packed fruits and veggies, plus creamy avocado and hemp seeds for heart-healthy omega-3’s and protein, a drop of CBD completes this delicious morning blend.

cutlery cutlery icon

folder folder icon

instagram instagram icon

pinterest pinterest icon

facebook facebook icon

print print icon

squares squares icon

heart heart icon

heart solid heart solid icon

Green CBD Oil Smoothie

(5 votes, average: 4.60 out of 5)

4.6 from 5 reviews

  • Author: The Plant-Powered Dietitian
  • Total Time: 5 minutes
  • Yield: 1 serving 1 x


I’m sharing my easy, super-groovy Green CBD Oil Smoothie, which is completely plant-based, vegan, gluten-free, added-sugar free, and nutritious.


  • 1 cup packed greens (i.e., kale, chard, spinach)
  • 1 medium banana
  • 17 mg CBD portion of CBD oil*
  • 2 tablespoons hemp seeds
  • ½ small avocado
  • ¾ cup soymilk, plain, unsweetened (may substitute for another type of protein-rich plant-based milk)
  • 1 teaspoon lemon juice


  1. Place all items in a blender and process a few minutes until smooth and creamy.
  2. Pour into a large glass and enjoy!
  • Prep Time: 5 minutes
  • Category: Smoothie
  • Cuisine: American


Keywords: vegan smoothie, CBD oil, CBD, healthy smoothie

Did you make this recipe?

*There is no firmly established dose for CBD, but people may find benefits with as little as 3 mg of CBD, while others may take 25-40 mg per day. Please read the label of your CBD oil to see the recommended amount of CBD per dosage—it can range from a few drops to a full dropper to get this amount, depending on the product. If the bottle doesn’t list how much CBD is contained per dropper, but lists how much CBD is in the full bottle, then simply divide the total mg of CBD in the bottle by servings per bottle to determine the amount. For example, if a bottle contains 500 mg CBD, and there are 30 droppers per bottle, each dropper contains about 17 mg of CBD.

In this recipe, you can use the dosage you prefer for one serving, but 17 mg is a fairly common daily dosage.

As with all dietary supplements, you should discuss the use of CBD with your physician before you start a new regimen.

I love my Nutribullet for creating so many plant-powered foods, from smoothies to cashew cream and hummus! Get 15% off your order for Nutribullet products by clicking here.


Staying at home has its pros and cons. For us, some of the pros have been cleaning and organizing, reconnecting with old friends (thank you, Zoom) and spending quality time with the family (though to be perfectly honest, this can sometimes borderline con). On the flip side, being in arm’s reach of the snack cabinet and acting as the official taste tester for everything your children bake are two serious stay at home cons.

During one of our recent CBD For Life team Zoom calls, we discussed our disgust for our newfound snacking habits. We talked about making better choices and sharing healthy recipes. Among some of the recipes shared were some delicious smoothies, which we all agreed are a much better alternative to a bag of Salt and Vinegar chips.

Smoothies sound great in theory—you imagine waking up every morning and blending your instagram-worthy, vitamin cocktail—but for so many of us, the planning, prep and cleanup may send you straight back to the snack cabinet. But if you plan accordingly and make your smoothie in bulk, you can keep it in the refrigerator for up to 2 to 3 days (max) to enjoy.

Naturally, our smoothies include CBD, which takes the health benefits up a notch. Adding CBD to your smoothie can help with everything from inducing a sense of calm to aiding in digestion. Plus, it’s a sure way to ensure you’re getting your daily dose of CBD. One thing to note: if you do make your smoothie in bulk, make sure you add your CBD (fresh) everytime you drink it.


Sometimes a smoothie that tastes this good isn’t always good for you. Thankfully, this recipe calls for a cast of wonderful ingredients that offer a host of health benefits—antioxidants to essential vitamins. This smoothie recipe is courtesy of Tenisha, our director of operations, who typically prefers to drink green but has a newfound fondness for orange.

  • – 1 cup coconut water
  • – 1 cup fresh or frozen strawberries
  • – ½ cup shredded carrots
  • – 1 cup frozen mango chunks
  • – 1 orange, peeled
  • – 1 scoop of unflavored plant protein powder (vanilla works, too)
  • – 1 dropper of Non-Flavored CBD Oil TIncture 600 mg
  • – Scoop of fresh ground Tumeric (optional)

Instructions: Toss all of the ingredients into a blender and blend until smooth.


We love this smoothie for it’s wonderful flavor (you can’t taste the beets, promise) and wellness benefits (antioxidants, vitamins, fiber, iron, potassium and more). With any smoothie, give the recipe a go and then adjust to your liking. The recipe is a doctored-up version of the internet famous “Red Velvet” smoothie that our director of marketing, Julie, downs daily.

– 1 cup coconut milk (or any dairy free milk)

– 1 fresh or frozen banana

– 1 cup fresh or frozen strawberries

– ½ cup of roasted beets

– 1 scoop unflavored plant protein powder

– 1 tablespoon of chia seeds

– Squirt of agave or sprinkle of Stevia (optional)

Instructions: Toss all of the ingredients into a blender and blend until smooth.


A green smoothie doesn’t have to taste green. This recipe from Mollie, our health conscious director or sales, serves up the perfect balance of green meets sweet. Kale is one of the most nutrient-dense foods, but it does carry a little bit of a bite. When blended with super fruits, like blueberries and banana, the flavor is much less obvious yet you’re still reaping kale’s power-packed wellness benefits.

– 1 cup frozen pineapple

– 1 cup frozen blueberries

– 1 cup frozen kale

– 1 scoop vanilla plant protein powder

– 1 cup spring water

Instructions: Toss all of the ingredients into a blender and blend until smooth.


This recipe is more refreshing than it is filling and perfect for warmer days ahead. Madison, our graphic designer, drinks this smoothie all summer long. Between the coconut water, watermelon and cucumber, it’s extremely hydrating. Madison says it makes for a great margarita, too.

– 1 cup freshly cubed watermelon

– ½ cup coconut water

– ½ cup crushed ice

– Few slices of cucumber

– Few fresh mint leaves

Instructions: Toss all of the ingredients into a blender and blend until smooth.

CBD Mango Smoothie

To give this smoothie some heat, add a pinch of crushed red pepper flakes and a little bit more salt before you blend. We developed this recipe using a 1,000 milligram (mg) bottle of Lily CBD. It’s part of the Healthyish Guide to Cooking With, Eating, and Truly Enjoying Weed in collaboration with Broccoli. Click here to read more about how to make cannabis delicious.



Purée mango, banana, ginger, coconut water, CBD oil, turmeric, salt, and 1 cup ice in a blender until smooth. Divide between glasses.

How would you rate CBD Mango Smoothie?

Have you ever felt sick to your stomach after taking CBD oil?

BA’s Best Piña Colada

Sweet Coconut Rice With Pigeon Peas

By Ayesha Curry

Winter Spiced Margarita

By Amanda Shapiro

Super Summer Fruit Syrup

Mango-Sumac Yogurt Semifreddo

By Kendra Vaculin

Seedy Sweet Potato Oatmeal

Overnight Oats

By Claire Saffitz

Chile-Cucumber Agua Fresca

By José Roberto Ricalde Gonzalez

© 2022 Condé Nast. All rights reserved. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement and Privacy Policy and Cookie Statement and Your California Privacy Rights. Bon Appétit may earn a portion of sales from products that are purchased through our site as part of our Affiliate Partnerships with retailers. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of Condé Nast. Ad Choices

Broad spectrum cbd oil benefits

Many are looking to this cannabinoid for a boosted immune system, lower stress levels, and overall better quality of life. Broad-spectrum CBD — what is it, and how does it differ from other extracts? In this article, we have the answers to all your questions about this form of CBD. What does broad-spectrum extract have to do with CBD? How’s it different from other methods? In this article, we explore this topic in depth.

What are the Pros and Cons of Broad-Spectrum CBD?

Ever wondered what the pros and cons of broad-spectrum CBD oil are? These wellness products are trending quite well nowadays, especially due to the coronavirus pandemic.

Known for its reported benefits on health, many are looking to this cannabinoid for a boosted immune system, lower stress levels, and overall better quality of life. What’s more, the abundance of merchandise and retailers will have you spoilt for choice. This is why you should familiarize yourself with the types of CBD oil such as broad-spectrum before buying.

What is CBD Oil?

CBD oil is a concoction made of cannabidiol and carrier oil. The former is a naturally-occurring substance extracted from cannabis plants and hemp plants.

Once it is isolated and turned into CBD oil, it’s used as the main ingredient of many infused products. These can range from the classic oil tinctures to something more creative like gummies or even bath bombs. Cannabidiol’s effects have been studied for years, and infused hemp products now deliver them to the public.

What is Broad-Spectrum CBD Oil?

You’ll find various types of products containing broad-spectrum CBD oil. This mixture contains most of the cannabinoids found in cannabis, excluding psychotropic ones.

Unlike its other formulation, full-spectrum hemp, broad-spectrum products have all the other cannabinoids like CBC, CBG, and CBN. The only missing cannabinoid in broad-spectrum products is THC, which has psychoactive properties. On the other hand, you may take CBD isolates if you want pure cannabidiol content. However, these are usually less effective than broad-spectrum CBD and other variants.

Does Broad-Spectrum CBD Get You High?

Broad-spectrum and isolates don’t have tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the chemical behind the cannabis “high.” They are THC-free CBD products, so they don’t trigger psychoactive effects.

The most potent THC-free products are usually made with broad-spectrum CBD oils. They have more cannabinoids that improve health benefits and also unlock the “entourage effect.” You may still take CBD products with THC without any worry though.

The 2018 Farm Bill required all hemp-derived products to only have 0.3% THC or lower. Trace amounts of THC cannot induce mind-altering effects, but it can induce a greater entourage effect than broad-spectrum CBD . This reaction occurs due to the interaction of cannabis substances and boosts the effects of CBD. Full-spectrum CBD is made up of all cannabinoids and THC, so full-spectrum extract is usually found in the most effective CBD products.

Broad-Spectrum CBD Oil Benefits

History shows that cannabis plants and industrial hemp have been used as herbal remedies. This sparked curiosity in many people to uncover the secret behind these plants. As a result, they discovered cannabidiol and it’s health benefits. It turns out that the hemp extract may potentially soothe chronic pain just like its source plants. Moreover, it has the potential to help people cope with stress and anxiety.

Studies show that it may mitigate symptoms of depression and anxiety. More people use them to experience relaxation, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. You may feel a soothing sensation from these products that might alleviate symptoms of mental health issues.

Broad-spectrum CBD is particularly helpful for those with specific health conditions. You may be experiencing health problems or taking medications that can negatively react with cannabidiol. Luckily, you may select broad-spectrum CBD products that have no harmful cannabinoids. Broad-spectrum products have varying kinds of cannabinoids, so you may find one that suits you.

Is Broad-Spectrum CBD Oil Safe?

As long as you purchase from licensed retailers, CBD products are guaranteed to be safe. As we mentioned, the government regulates the safe use of cannabidiol.

If you want an effective THC-free product, you may want to consider broad-spectrum hemp. You won’t risk ingesting the psychoactive THC, but you may still experience the potential benefits of CBD.

Remember to ask your doctor before taking any CBD for health . Your body may react adversely to cannabidiol, so your doctor can help you avoid this risk. Safe cannabidiol use is determined by numerous factors, such as your weight. Medical professionals have the expertise to check your safety in taking cannabidiol. Always check the label of your CBD products for potentially harmful ingredients.

Legal CBD products usually remind that their statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. In addition, they add that they aren’t intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. You may check your local government for the list of registered CBD retailers in your area.

Before purchasing CBD products, you should ask for the store’s Certificate of Analysis (COA). It should list their products’ ingredients verified by drug testing from a third party. In addition, you must only buy CBD made from hemp grown in the USA. Those have passed FDA standards, unlike cheaper ones from other countries.

Where to Buy Broad-Spectrum CBD Oil

Thanks to recent CBD laws, you may find it easier to purchase CBD products. You may even find CBD stores in your neighbourhood, depending on your state. Why go out for CBD products though, when you can order online from numerous online sellers? You may check your smartphone for a list of online CBD stores and their wide range of options. You’ll find a great selection of CBD products made with 100% US hemp. Whether you want full-spectrum or broad-spectrum.

Article courtesy of Nancy R. Fernandez, blogger and health advocate.

Materials provided by:

Content may be edited for style and length.

This article is not intended to provide medical diagnosis, advice, treatment, or endorsement

Broad Spectrum CBD Oil, Capsules, Edibles: Definition & Benefits

If you’ve purchased CBD before, you may have noticed some are labeled as full-spectrum; others are broad-spectrum, or CBD isolate.

So, what does this mean?

In short, broad-spectrum CBD contains all the cannabinoids except for THC, but there’s far more to it than that.

If you’re still confused about what broad-spectrum means, how it’s used, and whether or not it’s the right CBD for you, read on to get your questions answered.

What is Broad Spectrum CBD Oil?

Broad-spectrum CBD oil, similar to full-spectrum CBD oil, contains CBD and a wide range of other cannabinoids and terpenes.

Unlike full-spectrum, broad-spectrum CBD contains no traces of THC.

Broad-spectrum CBD oil is excellent for people that want the benefits of a full-spectrum product without any THC.

When using a full-spectrum product, you run the risk of showing up positive on a drug test even though the percentage of THC is under 0.3%. With a broad spectrum product, there’s virtually no risk at all.

Benefits of Broad Spectrum CBD

When CBD is consumed, it can affect bodily functions in many different ways.

When broad-spectrum CBD is consumed, a wide range of other cannabinoids also affects the body.

CBD and other cannabinoids present in broad-spectrum CBD interact with CB1 and CB2 receptors in the endocannabinoid system [1]. This signaling system is responsible for many functions within the body.

When these cannabinoid receptors are activated, several benefits may occur:

1. CBD Blocks Pain

CBD is renowned for its pain-relieving qualities.

People that suffer from chronic pain can benefit from CBD for this reason.

CBD can be consumed orally or used in the form of a topical to ease joint pain and sensitive skin directly at the source.

As one study suggests, using a wide range of cannabinoids is the best way to relieve pain symptoms [2].

Although pure CBD isolate is an effective pain-reliever, broad-spectrum CBD is far more effective due to the cannabinoids working together (the entourage effect).

2. CBD is an Anti-inflammatory

CBD has anti-inflammatory qualities.

Studies have discovered that when full- and broad-spectrum CBD is used in oral and topical forms, it can work as an anti-inflammatory [3].

Scientific and anecdotal research shows that CBD can reduce inflammation for a variety of conditions. Potential conditions it may help are psoriasis, dermatitis, eczema, acne, and more.

3. CBD May Prevent Nausea

Broad Spectrum CBD may prevent nausea.

Although there’s limited scientific evidence to prove this, patients suffering from nausea-related side effects from other medications have been using CBD to ease the symptoms for years.

It‘s especially popular with cancer patients looking to ease the side effects of invasive cancer treatments such as radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

4. CBD Has Neuroprotective Properties

The endocannabinoid system plays a huge part in the modulation of neurotransmitters. CBD interacts with the CB1 and CB2 receptors of the endocannabinoid system, suggesting an effective treatment for neurological disorders.

There has been a lot of research into the neuroprotective benefits of CBD in epilepsy and multiple sclerosis patients.

One particular study found evidence that CBD and other cannabinoids reduce spasms in multiple sclerosis patients [4].

Although most of the evidence does suggest THC has the most promising effects on neurological disorders, broad-spectrum CBD has great potential as a neuroprotector.

5. CBD Aids Mental Health

CBD is popular among people with anxiety, severe stress, depression, and SAD (seasonal affective disorder).

One study, in particular, looked into the effects of CBD when administered to people with SAD [5]. People with the disorder tend to suffer from anxiety, stress, and depression during the winter months due to light and weather changes.

6. CBD Has Many More Benefits…

CBD has many health benefits; some backed by science and some backed by personal experiences.

Research into CBD’s effects on certain conditions is limited. However, there’s a list of conditions with a large amount of scientific or anecdotal research into the effects CBD has on them.

Here are just a few other conditions people are using broad-spectrum CBD oil to support:

How to Use Broad Spectrum CBD?

There are many ways to consume and use broad-spectrum CBD.

How you use CBD is entirely down to you. What works for some may not work for others, so knowing what the options are along with their strengths and weaknesses is key.

1. Broad Spectrum CBD Oil

Broad-spectrum CBD oil is easily accessible and one of the best ways to consume CBD.

It’s taken via an eye-dropper and administered under the tongue. Drops of oil can also be added to food and drink as a supplement.

CBD oil gives you ultimate flexibility over your dosage.

You can control how much CBD you’re taking by simply adjusting how many drops you administer under the tongue or in your food.

2. Broad Spectrum CBD Capsules

CBD capsules come in dry forms and softgels. Both types provide you with a tasteless and accurate way to consume CBD.

You take them as you would with any supplement — swallowing with water.

If you’re looking for a hassle-free way to consume CBD with zero taste and zero sugar accurately, capsules are perfect.

3. Broad Spectrum CBD Edibles

CBD edibles are available in many forms.

They’re great if you can’t stand the taste of raw CBD oil and prefer medicating in a more relaxed and seemingly ordinary way.

Edibles such as gummies have an accurate dose of CBD per piece. They give you a controlled way to consume the cannabinoid, and you can monitor how much you’re taking very easily.

Bear in mind that most edibles contain sugar. This is not great if you’re looking to use CBD to lower blood sugar levels or lose weight.

4. Broad Spectrum CBD Vaporizers

CBD vaporizers use a CBD extract suspended in vegetable glycerin, propylene glycol, and flavorings.

The liquid is vaporized and inhaled so the CBD can be absorbed through the lung tissue and into the bloodstream.

CBD is extremely bioavailable when vaporized. The cannabinoid is absorbed quickly and efficiently through the lung tissue. From here, it interacts with the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the body’s endocannabinoid system.

There are some possible health risks with using CBD in this way. Research is limited, but there’s a possibility that inhaling vapor is harmful to the lungs.

If you suffer from a respiratory condition such as asthma, it’s not advisable to use CBD in this way.

5. Broad Spectrum CBD Topicals

CBD topicals are applied to the skin rather than ingested orally or inhaled.

Creams, balms, and gels are common, but bath bombs, soaps, and roll-ons can also be acquired.

If you’re suffering from an inflammatory skin condition such as eczema, psoriasis, or acne, CBD topicals are excellent.

Applying CBD directly at the source can reduce irritation, inflammation, and pain.

Broad Spectrum CBD Oil: How It’s Made?

There are many ways to extract cannabinoids from the hemp plant.

Most manufacturers use CO2 or ethanol extraction. These processes are considered safe when performed correctly and leave minimal chemical residues in the final product.

A final step is needed to remove the THC from the extraction fully. This process is called flash chromatography.

Let’s take a look into what each process entails:

1. CO2 Extraction

CO2 extraction is one of the best ways to extract CBD and other cannabinoids from hemp flowers. There’s little risk of leaving behind harmful residues in the final product when this process is done correctly.

Super-cold CO2 is held under high pressure and blasted through organic matter (like raw hemp).

As the CO2 is blasted through the hemp, the cannabinoids and terpenes are dissolved and collected as a liquid.

From here, the excess liquid is evaporated to leave behind a highly-concentrated CBD oil with a full cannabinoid profile (including THC).

2. Ethanol Extraction

When CBD is extracted with this method, high-proof pure alcohol is used.

The organic plant material from hemp is suspended in the alcohol for a certain amount of time. This releases the cannabinoids, terpenes, and other oils from the material.

The plant material is strained off to leave behind a liquid that’s infused with CBD and other cannabinoids (including THC).

Once the liquid is separated from the organic material, the excess liquid is evaporated to leave behind a highly-concentrated full-spectrum oil.

3. Flash Chromatography

Flash chromatography is the process used to isolate and remove the THC from the extract.

This process is complicated and requires extensive knowledge and skill in chemistry. Most manufacturers will not release this information, so it’s difficult to explain the process step by step.

What we do know is specific solvents are used to isolate and remove the THC from the extract. The process is prolonged and may require multiple “washes” to remove all traces of THC.

The process can remove some other cannabinoids alongside the THC, and the CBD content may be lowered during the process.

Although broad-spectrum CBD does contain a full cannabinoid profile (excluding THC), it doesn’t have the same cannabinoid percentages as full-spectrum CBD.

Does Broad Spectrum CBD Show up on Drug Tests?

CBD and other cannabinoids are not screened for, so if you’re using a truly broad-spectrum CBD oil with no traces of THC, you will not test positive on a drug test.

If you’re concerned about testing positive on a drug test and want to use CBD, using a broad spectrum is a great choice. Unlike CBD isolate, you still get the entourage effect to some degree without the THC.

Although broad-spectrum CBD oil shouldn’t contain any trace amounts of THC, it’s important to check lab-test results to be certain, especially if your job requires routine drug tests.

Is Broad Spectrum CBD Better Than Isolate & Full-Spectrum CBD?

Full-spectrum CBD is considered the most valuable CBD for a wide range of health conditions due to the full entourage effect.

CBD is far more effective when combined with all the other cannabinoids present in the hemp plant, including THC.

That being said, broad-spectrum CBD is still incredibly effective at treating a range of health conditions.

You still benefit from the entourage effect to some degree because although broad-spectrum CBD is THC-free, it does contain a wide cannabinoid profile.

Compared to CBD isolate (pure CBD without any other cannabinoids present), broad-spectrum CBD is worlds apart. CBD isolate is great for people who react badly to other cannabinoids, but you don’t benefit from the entourage effect.

Comparing CBD Extract Types

  1. Full-spectrum CBD comes in first because it provides the best cannabinoid profile.
  2. Broad-spectrum CBD comes in second place because it provides a good cannabinoid profile minus the THC.
  3. CBD Isolate comes in third because you do not benefit from the entourage effect.

Although we‘ve ranked the three types of CBD in terms of effectiveness, this doesn’t mean one is better than the other.

Some people can’t consume any THC due to regular drug screening or a negative reaction to the cannabinoid; in these cases, broad-spectrum is best.

Others react badly to a wide cannabinoid profile; in this case, CBD isolate is better.

Where Can You Buy Broad Spectrum CBD?

CBD is extremely accessible. Finding broad-spectrum CBD products in the United States and Europe is easy.

You can source broad-spectrum CBD oil and other products from dispensaries, health stores, and selected supermarkets.

However, the best way to source your CBD is online.

Purchasing CBD directly from the supplier cuts out the middleman. You’re guaranteed to get exactly what you came for and can look at lab reports as well as detailed descriptions of each product.

Buying online can save you money too.

Most CBD manufacturers offer discounts on monthly subscriptions, first-time buy offers, and seasonal discounts.

Does Broad Spectrum CBD Get You High?

Broad-spectrum contains no THC (the psychoactive compound in cannabis). Because of this, there is no chance of getting high. You will receive all the health benefits of the other cannabinoids without the psychoactive effects.

It’s worth mentioning that even though full-spectrum CBD does contain trace amounts of THC, it also doesn’t get you high.

To abide by federal laws, CBD products must contain less than 0.3% THC. This is far too little to have an impairing effect.

Final Thoughts: Is Broad Spectrum CBD Oil Worth Your Time?

Broad-spectrum CBD is definitely worth your time.

It contains a full cannabinoid profile without the THC, so if you’re worried about regular drug screening, it’s the perfect option.

It’s also perfect for hypersensitive to THC but not the other cannabinoids present in hemp.

If you fit either one of the statements above, broad-spectrum CBD is the right choice for you.

References Used In This Article

  1. Pacher, P., Bátkai, S., & Kunos, G. (2006). The endocannabinoid system is an emerging target of pharmacotherapy. Pharmacological Reviews, 58(3), 389-462.
  2. Russo, E. B. (2008). Cannabinoids in the management of difficult-to-treat pain. Therapeutics and clinical risk management, 4(1), 245.
  3. Atalay, S., Jarocka-Karpowicz, I., & Skrzydlewska, E. (2020). Antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties of cannabidiol. Antioxidants, 9(1), 21.
  4. Flachenecker, P., Henze, T., & Zettl, U. K. (2014). Nabiximols (THC/CBD oromucosal spray, Sativex®) in clinical practice-results of a multicenter, non-interventional study (MOVE 2) in patients with multiple sclerosis spasticity. European neurology, 71(5-6), 271-279.
  5. Crippa, J. A. S., Derenusson, G. N., Ferrari, T. B., Wichert-Ana, L., Duran, F. L., Martin-Santos, R., … & Hallak, J. E. C. (2011). Neural basis of anxiolytic effects of cannabidiol (CBD) in generalized social anxiety disorder: a preliminary report. Journal of psychopharmacology, 25(1), 121-130.
  6. Crippa, J. A. S., Derenusson, G. N., Ferrari, T. B., Wichert-Ana, L., Duran, F. L., Martin-Santos, R., … & Hallak, J. E. C. (2011). Neural basis of anxiolytic effects of cannabidiol (CBD) in generalized social anxiety disorder: a preliminary report. Journal of psychopharmacology, 25(1), 121-130.
Livvy Ashton

Livvy is a registered nurse (RN) and board-certified nurse midwife (CNM) in the state of New Jersey. After giving birth to her newborn daughter, Livvy stepped down from her full-time position at the Children’s Hospital of New Jersey. This gave her the opportunity to spend more time writing articles on all topics related to pregnancy and prenatal care.

What is Broad Spectrum CBD Oil?

What does broad-spectrum extract have to do with CBD? How is it different from other extracts? In this article, we explore this topic in depth.

Article By

You may have noticed that CBD products come labeled as “full-spectrum” or “CBD isolate.”

However, there is one lesser-known type of CBD product rarely discussed, “broad-spectrum” extracts. It’s a subtle difference in terms, but an important distinction to make.

Many companies list their products as full-spectrum, but after a closer look, these products actually involve broad-spectrum extracts.

Broad-spectrum extracts include many of the phytochemicals present in cannabis but have been modified from their original ratio. This involves removing THC, but sometimes this requires a complete restructuring of the cannabinoid and terpene profile of the extract.

So, why do companies sell broad-spectrum products? How do they differ from full-spectrum CBD or CBD isolate? What are the benefits?

We’ll answer these questions and more about broad-spectrum CBD. By the time you’ve finished reading this article, you’ll be an expert at spotting the differences between the types of hemp extracts.

Table of Contents

Full-Spectrum vs. Isolate vs. Broad-Spectrum

Most CBD companies will either advertise their products as being a full-spectrum extract or an isolate. The distinction between the two relies on the ratio of phytochemicals.

The best full-spectrum extracts maintain the entire range of phytochemicals found in the hemp plant. This includes its diverse cannabinoid profile, waxes, esters, and terpenes.

Conversely, a CBD isolate contains just one compound in “isolation” — usually CBD. The process involves stripping away all other phytochemicals, leaving behind pure CBD.

Where does broad-spectrum come in?

Think of broad-spectrum extracts as a hybrid of the two. It’s made by isolating individual compounds from the plant and recombining them to mimic the effects of a full-spectrum extract, with some modifications. Broad-spectrum extracts can range significantly in terms of phytochemical profiles.

Some manufacturers will only remove THC, so they can sell their products in places where THC is strictly banned.

While others will start with a CBD isolate and add a handful of terpenes. We find this method misleading when it’s labeled as a “broad-spectrum” and consider this still to be an isolate because it does not contain any other cannabinoids.

One of the benefits of creating a broad-spectrum extract is the ability to control specific cannabinoid ratios — something a full-spectrum can’t offer — for more consistency in their products.

Natural full-spectrum extracts can’t offer this as the hemp plant’s phytochemical profile will vary from one crop to the next.

How Are Broad-Spectrum Extracts Made?

Broad-spectrum extracts are manufactured in a similar way to full-spectrum but with one additional step.

First, raw hemp is treated with a solvent. Although many solvents can be used, the most common method uses supercritical CO2 — carbon dioxide. This clean, safe extraction method creates a full-spectrum hemp oil rich in CBD and includes a diverse range of phytochemicals.

Next, a common chemistry technique called chromatography is used to separate THC from the rest of the mixture. This keeps all other phytochemicals intact. With this method, you get a THC-free extract that still includes CBD along with the other cannabinoids, terpenes, and phytonutrients.

Some companies take it a step further and separate all ingredients into their individual isolates, before recombining them.

Then we get into shady practices…

Like taking a CBD isolate and adding terpenes into the formula, and then labeling it a full-spectrum — Don’t be fooled — This is NOT a full-spectrum extract and only barely classifies as a broad-spectrum extract, at best.

The only way to distinguish these extracts is by looking at the Certificate of Analysis conducted by third-party labs.

If you’re wondering why we’re always recommending customers to ask for these tests, this is a big reason. It’s far too easy to mislead people into thinking they’re buying full-spectrum products when they’re actually purchasing a glorified CBD isolate and charge a little more for it.

When to Use Broad-Spectrum Extracts

Broad-spectrum extracts are ideal for individuals who want to avoid THC altogether. Although the amounts of THC present in full-spectrum products are small (0.3% or less), they can still be problematic in two cases.

The first case includes individuals who are drug-tested for THC. It’s not uncommon in the United States for employees to undergo THC testing to verify they do not use marijuana. Full-spectrum products may trigger a positive, even if they’re using a legal hemp-derived product.

As such, using a THC-free broad-spectrum extract can allow you to maintain the benefits of whole-plant CBD formulations while passing THC drug tests.

The second case consists of individuals who are extremely sensitive to the effects of THC. Even in trace amounts found in full-spectrum extracts, especially if they require larger doses.

Using a broad-spectrum extract will ensure that you do not experience any psychoactive effects while maintaining the health benefits of a wide range of cannabis phytochemicals.

When to Avoid Broad-Spectrum Extracts

For the vast majority of people, it is better to opt for full-spectrum extracts. Although they are almost identical to broad-spectrum products, they will have slightly better effects because of the presence of THC.

THC shares many of the same effects as CBD and does not cause psychoactive effects for most people in small amounts (0.3% or less).

More importantly, THC contributes to the entourage effect — It’s the enhanced effectiveness of whole-plant extracts from the cannabinoids working in synergy. You can’t leverage this benefit with CBD alone.

Because of this effect, extracts that include all of the natural components of cannabis will have a stronger potency than those that don’t. In this way, a full-spectrum extract will be slightly more effective than a broad-spectrum because it includes THC.

Comparing Lab Tests

Most companies will inform you if their product is full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, or isolate. However, there is a more effective way to confirm that you’re buying a broad-spectrum extract — third-party lab tests.

Unfortunately, displaying these tests isn’t legally required (yet), but any reputable CBD brand will post the results of these tests conducted by independent labs on its website. Third-party labs verify the company’s marketing claims, helping customers better understand their purchase.

If you want to purchase a broad-spectrum CBD extract, you should look for two things.

First, check to see that the extract contains more than CBD. It should contain trace amounts of minor cannabinoids such as CBC, CBN, CBG, and CBDA.

Second, look at the THC row and make sure that it reads ND (not detected) or 0. Note that some labs will separate THC into its smaller parts — THCA, exo-THC, Δ8-THC, Δ9-THC, and THCV — All of these should read ND or 0.

Summary: Should I Use Broad-Spectrum CBD Products?

As we’ve described above, there are only two situations in which a broad-spectrum CBD product should be used over a full-spectrum one:

  • You need to pass THC (marijuana) drug tests
  • You’re an individual who is highly sensitive to THC

If you don’t fall into these two categories, then we highly recommend purchasing a full-spectrum CBD product instead.

Although the cost of broad and full-spectrum extracts are virtually identical, a full-spectrum product will have marginally higher effectiveness thanks to the presence of THC.

Cbd oil for boils

A boil or furuncle, otherwise referred to as an abscess, is a skin infection that begins in an oil gland or a hair follicle. They are defined as a painful collection of pus, commonly caused by a bacterial infection known as staphylococcus aureus or simply… The science behind CBD oil for pain is still lacking, but what we do know is promising.​ Here's how to use CBD oil for back pain and other types of chronic pain. Is Hemp Oil Good For Boils On The Skin? CBD is a remarkable remedy that is gaining popularity as a treatment for a variety of ailments. This cannabinoid is derived from the hemp plant and is

Pimples and Boils. How Natural Therapies Can Help

Pimples ane boils (furuncles) can be painful and unsightly and are usually the result of bacteria entering through an oil gland or hair folicle on the body.

What is a Boil?

A boil or furuncle, otherwise referred to as an abscess, is a skin infection that begins in an oil gland or a hair follicle. They are defined as a painful collection of pus, commonly caused by a bacterial infection known as staphylococcus aureus or simply termed, “staph.” Other bacteria or fungi found on the skin’s surface can also cause boils, but staph is the most common cause.

A boil or abscess is typically round in shape and raised from the skin’s surface. They are tender to the touch and when they first appear, the skin turns pinkish red in the affected area, and a tender bump arises from the skin’s surface. After four to seven days, the boil will start turning white as pus collects under the skin. It is tempting at this stage to want to pop the boil, but the liquid contained in the boil is highly infectious and if popped, can cause the infection to spread.

Boils can occur in the hair follicles anywhere on the body, but they most commonly occur on the face, neck, armpits, buttocks and thighs. They can also occur in areas like the ear canal or nose. It is not uncommon to have one boil or multiple boils.

If several boils appear together in a group, this is a more serious type of infection called a ‘carbuncle’.

Recurring boils are also known as chronic furunculosis, a condition in which crops of boils occur over a period of time continuously or from time to time.

Symptoms of a Boil

  • Swollen, red lump deep in the skin
  • Pain, especially when touched
  • Size can vary from the size of a pea to larger than a golf ball
  • May develop a central, whitish-yellow “head” that may break and release pus
  • May “weep” or ooze clear fluid, or develop a crust
  • As the infection gets worse, a whitish point or head can appear at the centre of the boil — this is where the boil’s pus will drain from if it begins to drain on its own
  • May spread to surrounding skin, creating a carbuncle

Who is Prone to Boils?

  • Athletes participating in contact sports or using shared equipment
  • Individuals with a weakened immune system, such as people who have diabetes, HIV, are taking certain medications like the types of medications used to prevent rejection of a transplanted organ, or are receiving chemotherapy to treat cancer
  • Individuals with other skin conditions that lead to scratching and injury to the skin, such as eczema or scabies
  • Staph carriers
  • Obese people
  • Individuals with poor nutrition
  • Individuals living in close quarters with other people like prisons, military barracks or homeless shelters

Boil Precautions and Complications

Boils can be very contagious and therefore it is not recommended that an infected individual share clothing, towels, bedding or sporting equipment with others whilst they have a boil.

Washing hands frequently to avoid the boil spreading is highly recommended.

It is important to seek medical attention if a boil hasn’t shown improvement with home treatment after approximately one week and an infected individual exhibits one or more of the following:

  • A boil that lasts more than two weeks
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • A fever
  • Severe pain and the boil does not drain on its own
  • Skin around the boil turns red or red streaks appear
  • The original boil comes back
  • A second boil or a carbuncle forms
  • The boil is located on the spine or face
  • Repeated outbreaks of boils
  • An infected individual has diabetes, a heart murmur, a problem with the immune system or was taking immune-suppressing medications when the boil developed
  • If an infant develops a boil of any size, he or she should be taken to the doctor immediately

Possible Complications of boils include:

  • Abscess of the skin, spinal cord, brain, kidneys or other organ
  • Bone, brain, heart or spinal cord infection
  • Infection of the blood or tissues (sepsis)
  • Spread of infection to other parts of the body or skin surfaces
  • Permanent scarring

What is a Pimple?

A pimple, (acne vulgaris) is a small ‘comedone’, pustule or papule that forms a skin lesion. Pimples develop when an oil gland gets clogged and infected from bacteria. This is the reason pimples swell and become red, pus-filled lesions on the surface, and just under the surface, of the skin. Most people get pimples on the face, neck, chest, upper back and shoulders.

Pimples can cause scarring but this is more likely when the skin is inflamed, swollen, red and painful, such as in the case of cystic acne and nodules. This form of acne penetrates deep into the skin, causing damage.

Picking at pimples can makes them worse by causing inflammation, reducing healing time, and increasing the risks of scarring.

Pimples or acne is classified as mild, moderate or severe. Mild includes the comedones, which are considered non-inflammatory lesions or slightly inflammatory lesions called papulopustular. Pimples that are more inflammatory are denoted as ‘moderate acne’. This happens when there are occasional nodules and possibly mild scarring. Severe pimples/acne, occurs when there are a lot of inflammatory lesions, nodules and possibly scarring.
Click Here For More Information

Types of Pimples

There are several different types of pimples, and they have different signs and symptoms:

Whiteheads: Also known as a closed comedone, these are small pimples that remain under the skin. They appear as a small, flesh-coloured papule.

Blackheads: Also known as an open comedone, these are clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are black or dark brown, due to the oxidation of melanin, the skin’s pigment.

Papules: These are small, solid, rounded bumps that rise from the skin. They are often pink.

Pustules: These are pimples full of pus. They are clearly visible on the surface of the skin. The base is red and the pus is on the top.

Nodules: These have a similar structure to papules, but they are larger. They can be painful and are embedded deep in the skin.

Cysts: These are clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are filled with pus and are usually painful. Cysts commonly cause scars.

Natural Treatments for Boils

Turmeric powder

Turmeric powder has both antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, both of which can help heal a boil and get rid of it quickly. It’s been used as a natural blood purifier for thousands of years in eastern medicine as a result. Turmeric powder can be ingested orally or used topically, or both.

Epsom salt

Epsom salts have numerous health benefits, including the ability to treat boils. The salt can actually help to dry out the pus, causing the boil to drain. Dissolve Epsom salt in warm water and soak a compress in it. Apply the compress to the area for twenty minutes at a time. Do this at least three times daily until the boil is gone.

Castor oil

Castor oil contains a compound called ricinoleic acid, which is a natural but potent anti-inflammatory. This, combined with its powerful antibacterial properties, make it ideal in the treatment of boils. Apply a small amount of castor oil directly to the boil at least three times a day until the boil is gone.

Neem oil

Neem oil, also known as Indian lilac, has antiseptic, antibacterial, and antimicrobial properties that help treat skin infections including boils, fast. To treat boils with neem oil, apply the oil directly to the boil three to four times a day.

Natural Treatments for Pimples

Tea Tree Oil

Tea tree oil is the most recommended remedies for pimples/acne because it has amazing microbial properties that help fight the bacteria causes acne. Tea tree can be blended with coconut oil and applied to the face and affected areas.

Coconut Oil

Coconut oil contains properties that encourage the elimination of bacteria, which is why there are so many uses for coconut oil on the skin. Lauric acid is the main ingredient in coconut oil, and this acid makes it an effective treatment against acne because it provides antibacterial results.

Lavender Essential Oil

Helps to prevent and keep acne at bay. Lavender helps regenerate skin cells, minimize sun spots and even reduce scarring caused by acne. Additionally, it can help reduce swelling and inflammation that may be caused by acne due to the polysaccharides it contains.

Frankincense Essential Oil

This contains antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties and is therefore amazing for almost all skin types and perfect for acne-prone skin. Frankincense invites new cell growth, which can help reduce the appearance of scars. It also helps prevent or eliminate bacteria, part of what can cause acne or boils in the first place. A study conducted by the Department of Dermatology at the University of Freiburg in Germany reports that using frankincense and five other plant extracts for antimicrobial effects on bacteria and yeast relating to the skin proved effective. The study concluded that their antimicrobial effects were powerful enough to be used as a topical treatment of some skin disorders, including acne and eczema.

Castor Oil

Castor oil has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties that can speed up healing, making it ideal for breakout-prone skin. Use it with jojoba oil, hemp seed oil or coconut oil, along with one of the essential oils above. Castor oil is high in unsaturated fatty acids, vitamin E, proteins and minerals, which can help reduce acne-causing bacteria and inflammation associated with breakouts. It can even help heal scars caused by acne.

www.superpharmacy.com.au Australia’s best online discount chemist

Treatment of adult female acne: a new challenge https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26059821

Tea tree oil gel for mild to moderate acne; a 12 week uncontrolled, open-label phase II pilot study https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27000386

The antimicrobial activity of liposomal lauric acids against Propionibacterium acnes https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19665786

Screening of plant extracts for antimicrobial activity against bacteria and yeasts with dermatological relevance https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17291738

Proprietor: Warren Turner – B.Pharm M.P.S M.R.Pharm.S

Pharmacist available – Monday to Friday 8am to 8pm. Saturday 8.30 to 6pm. Sunday 9am to 4pm (AEST)

What to Know Before You Try CBD Oil for Pain Relief

The science behind CBD oil for pain is still lacking, but what we do know is promising.

This content is imported from . You may be able to find the same content in another format, or you may be able to find more information, at their web site.

Cannabidiol, better known as CBD, is having a major moment. Most commonly consumed as an oil, the marijuana compound doesn’t give you that floaty feeling of being high—but it does have its own set of uplifting properties. CBD oil users say it melts away anxiety, eases sleep issues, and relieves depression. And last month, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved CBD to treat two severe forms of epilepsy, making it the first marijuana-derived drug approved at the federal level.

But the CBD oil use that might be most intriguing—and could perhaps be the biggest game-changer—is for pain relief. As the United States grapples with the opioid epidemic and struggles to treat the 50 million plus Americans who struggle with chronic pain, CBD oil has emerged as a nonaddictive alternative that people are applying as a topical oil, ingesting as a pill, or smoking through a vape pen.

But does CBD oil for pain really work—or is it just a passing fad amplified by the placebo effect? Here’s what we know so far.

This content is imported from Instagram. You may be able to find the same content in another format, or you may be able to find more information, at their web site.

CBD oil as a painkiller just hasn’t been studied much

There has been lots of anecdotal proof for CBD and pain relief, so researchers have often focused on finding out whether that’s due to the placebo effect, says Rebecca M. Craft, PhD, H. L. Eastlick professor of psychology and director of the experimental psychology doctoral program at Washington State University.

Currently, the U.S. National Library of Medicine lists just 25 clinical studies involving CBD and its effects on pain. Only a handful of those have been completed so far, but there are more in the works. Many of these trials involve pain in people with advanced cancer, and while some show positive pay-offs, others demonstrate that cannabis treatment doesn’t provide any more relief than a placebo. The catch: Most of this science involves both CBD and THC (or Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, the part of cannabis that does give you a high).

There are a few other drawbacks to studies on CBD. First off, many involve rats rather than humans (including one that focuses on arthritis-related ache relief). Also, the science that does involve people doesn’t often include a large test group, Craft says. Finally, as Craft notes along with a review of CBD studies, there’s not much research out there about the long-term effects of cannabis-based meds.

In the end, science just needs to catch up with the draw toward CBD, at least in terms of easing aches.

This content is imported from Instagram. You may be able to find the same content in another format, or you may be able to find more information, at their web site.

CBD oil for pain relief boils down to your brain

It likely comes down to neurotransmitters in the brain. “One mechanism of action is that it de-sensitizes a particular receptor known to be involved in pain, called TRPV1,” Craft explains. TRPV1 creates that sort of burning sensation pain you might feel from something like nerve damage. As Craft points out, that’s only one particular form of pain that CBD could affect—and one in which scientists are still trying to learn more about.

Trying CBD oil for back pain and other run-of-the-mill aches probably won’t hurt you

None of this is to say trying CBD is off limits. “Cannabidiol is generally well-tolerated, which gives it a distinct advantage over other medications currently available for pain, including (and especially) opioids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, steroids, anticonvulsant, and antidepressant medications,” says Seth Waldman, MD, anesthesiologist and director of the pain management division at the Hospital for Special Surgery. “I have seen a number of patients with difficult neuropathic pain syndromes who found it helpful.” (There’s also a study on this neuropathic pain—that burning-like sensation that affects the nervous system as Craft mentioned earlier. Research showed, though weak, it had a positive effect.)

Also, while using it topically as an oil is probably safer, more promising results come from taking it orally, Dr. Waldman notes. So you’ll want to be extra careful going the ingested route.

Your biggest concern should be making sure you’re not getting the THC along with the CBD, Craft says, and that can be difficult to ensure. “Very low doses are unlikely to have side effects,” she says. “But if you have higher concentrations and you’re pre-disposed for mental illness, it could actually make it worse.”

This content is imported from Instagram. You may be able to find the same content in another format, or you may be able to find more information, at their web site.

CBD oil for chronic pain has pros and cons

A strong draw to CBD: There’s no record of severe side effects. You might feel a little drowsy—and probably shouldn’t operate a vehicle while on it—but otherwise, you’re likely in the clear.

The bad news: CBD, just like any other supplement sold in the U.S., isn’t regulated. That means you can never be totally sure of the amount of CBD you’re getting. “If you and I go into a local cannabis shop, even a shop with a lot of experience of people coming in for medical reasons—unless you’re in Canada or Netherlands, where they have federally-produced drugs—we can’t trust that what’s on the label is what we’re actually getting,” Craft says. That means you could be getting more or less of CBD, as well as THC (which has its own set of side effects).

Using CBD oil for pain: The takeaway

“If it’s safe and you feel it works for you, then that’s great,” Craft says. “As far as helping the general public make a decision, we just want to know if it’s going to work for more people,” and that calls for more research.

Dr. Waldman says it is worth trying, at least for that neurological pain, but you’ll want to follow a few precautions considering dosage is hard to decipher. “Try only one new treatment at a time, so that any effects or side effects can be attributed to the right one,” he says. Then, “start low and go slow. That is, begin with the lowest dose, used once daily, and if tolerated and necessary, the dose could be increased slowly and deliberately. It is more difficult to gauge the effects of a new treatment if it is used irregularly.” One last important note is, of course, talk to your doctor first before trying.

This type of pain treatment, “is trendy and may have legitimate medicinal properties that are incredible—or it could go by to the wayside in a few years,” Craft says. “We just have to wait and see.”

This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano.io

Is Hemp Oil Good For Boils On The Skin?

CBD is a remarkable remedy that is gaining popularity as a treatment for a variety of ailments. This cannabinoid is derived from the hemp plant and is effective in treating a variety of ailments, including chronic pain, anxiety, epilepsy, autoimmune illnesses, and more. CBD can also help with a variety of skin issues and infections. A boil is one of the skin problems that this supplement might help with. A bacterial skin infection is the most common cause of a boil. If you or someone you know has a skin issue, you should start with CBD, which is a natural and fully safe way to treat boil symptoms. Are you curious as to how? Continue reading.

What Is a Boil?

A boil is caused by a bacterial infection within your pores. The infection begins in a hair follicle or an oil gland on the skin. The skin around the diseased area turns red, and a sensitive lump forms. After a few days, the lump or boil turns white as pus collects beneath the skin.

The face, neck, armpits, shoulders, and buttocks are the most common sites for boils. A stye is a boil that forms on the inside of one’s eyelids.

If numerous boils emerge in a row, a more serious condition known as carbuncle might develop.

What Causes A Boil?

A germ called staphylococcal bacteria is the most prevalent cause of boils. These germs enter our bodies through tiny skin incisions and can migrate down the hair shaft to the follicle. Ingrown hair or any other foreign object that has become caught in the skin for an extended period of time can also produce boils.

What Are The Symptoms Of A Boil?

A boil is a firm, painful, red lump that is typically half an inch in diameter. This lump grows larger, softer, and more painful, developing a pus-filled pocket on the boil’s surface. Among the symptoms of this infection are:

1. Skin around the boil is red, heated, painful, and swollen.

2. Lymph node enlargement

3. A painful and itchy boil

4. Inside the boil, there is a pus-like fluid.

5. A fever appears

6. A carbuncle is a group of boils that form around an affected location.

How To Treat A Boil?

The treatment for a skin boil is determined by the source of infection. The majority of boils may be treated at home, but in severe situations, you may need to see a doctor. You should start treating a boil as soon as you notice one. To treat a boil, use the following methods:

1. Use hot soaks or hot packs to apply heat to the afflicted area.

2. Never use a needle to puncture a boil. This could aggravate your infection.

3. Maintain a clean boil by covering it with a clean, dry dressing.

4. Good hygiene and the use of antibacterial soaps on a regular basis can also keep microorganisms off your skin.

If your boil does not cure in two weeks or you have a fever or chills, see a doctor. If your boil is in an inconvenient position, you should see a doctor. A doctor may prescribe antibiotics and drain the boil to treat the infection.

Using CBD For Boils Treatment

As previously said, CBD is an organic treatment that is utilized by individuals all over the world to cure a range of health problems. All thanks to the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, which made industrial hemp with less than 0.3 percent THC lawful. People can now buy CBD from anywhere in the United States to aid with a variety of health conditions, including anxiety, mood disorders, melancholy, epilepsy, chronic pain, and more.

CBD can also aid in the treatment of skin infections. Furthermore, this therapy is particularly efficient in treating acne, wrinkles, eczema, psoriasis, and other bacterial diseases on the skin. A boil is frequently caused by a staph infection, as previously stated. This type of skin infection is caused by the bacteria Staphylococcus. Staph infections are difficult to treat because they are resistant to many medications.

“Antibiotic resistance is one of the largest risks to global health, food security, and development today,” according to the World Health Organization. This has prompted researchers to look for antibacterial agents, such as CBD.

CBD, as we all know, is a cannabinoid derived from industrial hemp that has demonstrated to be an effective antibiotic. It not only kills bacteria, but it also relieves pain, inflammation, and other main symptoms associated with infections.

CBD and other cannabinoids including Cannabinol, Cannabigerol, and Cannabichromene have been found to attack and kill antibiotic-resistant bacteria, according to research. CBD was also discovered to be more beneficial when administered directly to the skin.

As a result, when CBD enters our bodies, it functions as an antibiotic, targeting viruses and bacteria aggressively.

1. CBD relieves pain

2. CBD Helps to Reduce Inflammation

3. CBD Has Antibacterial Properties

4. CBD Supplements Skin Nutrition

Try Ozonated CBD Topical Skin Issue Resolver

CBD, when applied topically to the diseased area, can help to relieve the symptoms of boils. You might try Thoughtcloud’s Ozonated CBD Topical Skin Issue Resolver, which is a salve made from ozone bubbling coconut oil that can be quite effective in battling bacterial infections and other skin concerns.

This ozonated CBD topical skin issue resolvers contains Full Spectrum CBD, which helps to relieve the discomfort and inflammation associated with boils.

Cuts, burns, wounds, wrinkles, eczema, and other skin disorders are treated with the ozone in this skin cream, which is absorbed into the skin.

This CBD topical also has antibacterial qualities, which combat bacteria that cause infections and keep your skin healthy and hydrated. Apply the cream to the diseased region for the greatest results. Within the first 20 to 30 minutes of application, you will feel better.

Treat Boils With CBD

Boils can be excruciatingly unpleasant. It’s difficult to deal with the swelling and irritation they cause. Furthermore, if not treated appropriately, it might cause fever and infection. Using CBD to treat boils can be a very effective approach to reduce pain and inflammation. CBD can also help to speed up the healing process and fight bacteria that cause illnesses. This cure is completely safe for people of all ages to utilize. It’s one of the most effective ways to combat antibiotic-resistant germs like Staph and minimize the risk of skin infections in general.

We hope you enjoyed this CBD For Boils article. Please share your thoughts in the comments box below. We’d like to read them.

What essential oil can be used to treat boils?

Heat improves circulation, delivering more white blood cells and antibodies to the area to fight infection. One of the finest home cures for a boil is to apply heat to it.

Apply a warm compress for 20 minutes at a time to the affected area. Repeat three or four times a day, every day, until the boil has gone away.

Tea tree oil

Tea tree oil is a powerful antibacterial and antiseptic. These qualities could aid in the treatment of the bacterial infection that caused the boil.

Tea tree oil should not be applied directly to the skin because it may cause irritation. Mix five drops of tea tree oil with a teaspoon of coconut or olive oil instead.

Apply the diluted tea tree oil to the boil with a cotton swab two or three times per day. Do this every day until the boil is gone.

Is hemp oil effective against infections?

Antibacterial properties of hemp oils Hemp oil’s antibacterial qualities suppressed the activity of different bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus, according to a 2017 study. The bacteria Staphylococcus aureus can cause skin infections, pneumonia, and infections of the skin, bone, and heart valve.

Is hemp oil effective in reducing inflammation?

Hemp oil, also known as hemp seed oil, is derived from hemp, a cannabis plant similar to marijuana but with little to no tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. Cannabidiol (CBD) is a substance found in hemp that has been used to treat everything from epilepsy to anxiety.

Hemp is becoming more popular as a treatment for a variety of ailments, including skin problems and stress. It may have qualities that help to lessen the risk of disorders including Alzheimer’s disease and cardiovascular disease, but more research is needed. Hemp oil may also help to relieve inflammation.

Hemp oil also contains a lot of omega-6 and omega-3 lipids, which are two types of unsaturated fats, or “good fats,” as well as all nine essential amino acids, which your body requires to produce protein. Here’s more on the nutrients found in hemp seed oil and how they can help your health.

Is hemp oil good for skin healing?

Some studies have discovered early or limited evidence that some molecules and compounds contained in hemp oil may be beneficial to skin health. Hemp oil may help with the following skin conditions:


Unsaturated fats including linoleic acid, -linolenic acid, and -linolenic acid are abundant in hemp oil, particularly hemp seed oil.

These three fatty acids may aid skin structure by assisting moisture retention. They can also alter cell membrane fluidity and electrolyte transport, which is excellent for dry, rough skin.

According to a 2017 study, using 0.5 cm3 of an emulsion containing hemp seed oil moisturized some participants’ dry skin.

Hemp oil also includes omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, which can cause rough, scaly skin in those with omega deficits.

Acne and acne scars

Hemp oil includes a number of chemicals that have oil-reducing, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial characteristics, which may aid in the treatment of acne vulgaris.

Compounds in hemp oil, such as CBD, have been shown in mice and human cells to help alleviate acne scars by lowering healing time, increasing collagen levels, and encouraging other healing processes like cellular turnover and regeneration.

Inflammatory skin conditions

Hemp oil includes anti-inflammatory ingredients like fatty acids, antioxidants, and CBD, which may help relieve symptoms like skin dryness, itching, and pain associated with inflammatory skin diseases.

People with inflammatory skin disorders may benefit from hemp oil consumption. According to several studies, patients with atopic dermatitis who consume dietary hemp oil require less medications.

Symptoms of skin aging

According to a 2015 scientific research, hemp oil can be used to cure and prevent aging skin problems.

This could be because persons who ingest more linoleic acid had a lower risk of developing age-related dryness and atrophy, or thinning, according to an older article.

Compounds in hemp oil also help to minimize oxidative stress. When chemicals called free radicals harm the skin, oxidative stress occurs, resulting in wrinkles and fine lines over time.

How can you quickly get rid of a boil?

There are various home remedies for boils that can be used to treat them without seeking medical care. It’s critical not to pick at the boil or attempt to pop it yourself. It’s possible that the boil will drain on its own, which is beneficial to the healing process. Do not attempt to expedite the process by doing it yourself.

Because a boil is a skin infection, it is easy to spread it to others. To avoid this, wait until your boil has gone away before going to a public pool or gym.

Applying a warm compress to boils is the first step in getting rid of them. After soaking a washcloth in warm water, gently press it against the boiling water for about 10 minutes. This is something you may do numerous times during the day.

A heating pad, like a warm compress, can assist in the draining of a boil. Place a heating pad on top of a damp towel and place it over the affected area. It could take up to a week for the boil to open up and drain the pus. Apply heat for up to three days after the boil has opened, either with a heating pad or a compress.

When you have boils, what are you lacking?

A boil is the skin’s natural technique of getting rid of pollutants. Due to friction or sweat, boils can form in any hairy part of the skin.

Boils are typically red, unpleasant, and erupt suddenly. A boil will ultimately open, drain, and heal if left untreated for one to three weeks. It’s crucial to understand that boils are contagious.

Allow no pus to ooze and come into contact with other people’s skin. Scratching the infected area might spread the infection. A carbuncle occurs when a boil spreads to other parts of the body. Boils and carbuncles are treated similarly. Carbuncles are most commonly found on the back of the neck or on the thighs.

1. Skin disorders that may lead to scratching and skin damage.

3. A weakened immune system

4. If you are a Staphylococcus microbe ‘carrier.’

1. Regular bowel movements are essential. Constipation can aggravate skin problems. Drink two to three litres of water every day and eat a high-fiber diet.

Consider embarking on an immunity-boosting diet if you feel your immunity is lacking. Make sure your diet includes fresh, whole, unprocessed foods like juices, fruits, and leafy greens. Any boil-reduction diet should include increasing your immunity.

Zinc is a crucial mineral in the treatment of boils and for improving immunity. Vitamin A (fish and dairy products), vitamin C (fruits and vegetables), and vitamin E (nuts and seeds) are all beneficial to the immune system, in addition to zinc.

1. Pay close attention to your personal hygiene.

2. After touching your nose or body folds, wash your hands with soap and water.

3. Keeping cool and wearing loose cotton clothing are also beneficial.

You or someone in your family may be a ‘carrier’ of the Staphylococcus bacteria if you have reoccurring boils and are otherwise healthy. If you are a ‘carrier,’ you are more likely to develop skin infections and boils.

Antibiotics and/or antibiotic nasal cream may be used to eliminate Staphylococcus bacteria from ‘carriers,’ reducing the risk of boils.

How long does it take hemp seed oil to start working?

Orally taken CBD, such as oils, edibles, or capsules, takes 30 minutes to 2 hours to take effect. The effects of smoking or vaping CBD oil or cannabis buds are more immediate.

What can hemp oil be used for?

Many people use hemp or CBD oil to relieve pain naturally, especially if it is caused by inflammation.

Those who do not wish to take over-the-counter or prescription pain drugs might seek treatment from high-quality hemp oil.

CBD, one of the primary constituents in full-spectrum hemp oil, and other cannabinoids have shown potential in the treatment of a variety of pains, according to a 2018 review.

While current research suggests that CBD may be an effective natural pain reliever, further human studies are needed to confirm these findings.

Hemp seed oil’s fatty acids may aid to balance the skin and reduce acne-causing irritation. CBD derived from plant matter may also help to treat acne.

CBD may alter the sebum glands in persons with chronic acne, resulting in lower sebum production and perhaps helping cure or prevent acne breakouts, according to a study published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation.

Muscle tension

Full-spectrum hemp oil containing CBD may also aid with muscle strain and general stress.

CBD, like fatty acids, has an anti-inflammatory effect on the body, which may assist to decrease stress-related tension and aid workout recovery.

Applying a small amount of hemp seed oil or full-spectrum hemp oil to tense muscles can help them relax and release tension.

What is the purpose of hemp?

Rope, textiles, clothes, shoes, food, paper, bioplastics, insulation, and biofuel are just a few of the commercial and industrial items made from hemp. The bast fibers can be used to generate 100% hemp textiles, but they’re more typically mixed with other fibers like flax, cotton, or silk, as well as virgin and recycled polyester, to create woven fabrics for garments and furnishings. The plant’s inner two fibers are woodier and are used in industrial applications such mulch, animal bedding, and litter. When hemp oil from the seeds is oxidized (incorrectly referred to as “drying”), it solidifies and can be utilized in oil-based paintings, creams as a moisturizing agent, cooking, and polymers. Hemp seeds have also been utilized in bird feed. According to a survey conducted in 2003, more than 95% of hemp seed marketed in the European Union was used in animal and bird feed.

Is hemp oil or CBD oil superior?

CBD oil is ideal for treating the illnesses described above, whereas hemp oil offers more nutritional benefits (anxiety and depression). And, when it comes to pain alleviation, CBD oil outperforms hemp oil (although hemp oil can help as well).

How to get cbd oil prescription

A 2019 systematic review of 26 studies (4 from Canada) concluded that there is a “unanimous lack of self-perceived knowledge” among practitioners regarding medicinal cannabis use. Now, when a patient asks me about cannabis, I no longer suffer from dizziness, dry mouth, and paranoia. More and more doctors are prescribing Medicinal Cannabis. Here’s how to approach yours. Learn how to get medicinal cannabis in Australia. Your doctor will need to apply through the Special Access Scheme or apply to be an Authorised Prescriber.

“Can you prescribe me cannabis, doc?”

By Simon Moore, MD CCFP (biography and disclosures) Disclosures: Dr. Simon Moore is the Physician Lead for UBC CPD Cannabis Education for Health Care Providers series. He is a member of an advisory board for The Review Course in Family Medicine Inc. (includes Vital FM Update). He has received honoraria from The Review Course in Family Medicine, Vital FM Update, Seymour Clinic (clinical work), Doctors of BC, UBC CPD, BCCFP, UBC, Fraser Health. FVCPAA, fees transferred to charity. Mitigating Potential Bias: Recommendations are consistent with published guidelines such as the Canadian Simplified Guideline on cannabis. Recommendations are consistent with current practice patterns as determined by our expert committee. Discussion is of resources developed by committee or by other organizations which is based on published and/or peer-reviewed data. Treatments or recommendations in this article are not in direct financial relationship to products/services/treatments involved in disclosure statements. Content of the tools and educational resources was approved by a multidisciplinary committee which also mitigated any conflict for the content.

What I did before: Dodged the question

Since 2016, Health Canada has directed patients to clinicians like me to obtain authorization for cannabis. When this happened, I used to reply: “I don’t prescribe that. There isn’t much evidence.”

Typically, that was the end of it. Even if I tried to explore their symptoms further, my rapport with the patient had gone up in smoke. I felt like I was in an awkward position. It turns out, I was not alone.

A 2019 systematic review [1] of 26 studies (four from Canada) concluded that there is a “unanimous lack of self-perceived knowledge” among practitioners, even though they generally support medicinal cannabis use. So, I was thrilled when the first of two major resources was released in 2018 and addressed this gap.

What changed my practice

1. Practical Cannabis Tool #1: The Guideline

The 2018 Simplified Guideline for Prescribing Cannabinoids in Primary Care [2] is a comprehensive summary of the evidence to date and is endorsed by the College of Family Physicians of Canada (CFPC).

Evidence: The 4 conditions

It concluded that evidence exists for pharmaceutical cannabinoids (nabilone capsules or nabiximols spray) as a third- or fourth-line option for:

  • Palliative pain
  • Neuropathic pain
  • Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting
  • Spasticity in multiple sclerosis or spinal cord injury

View Figure 2. Neuropathic pain: Pharmacotherapy treatment. The Happy-face Diagram from the Simplified Guideline (2) with an easy-to-understand happy face diagram showing harms and benefits of various analgesics. I’ll never forget one patient who approached me for cannabis. After looking at this tool from the guideline, they pointed at amitriptyline and asked, “can I have a prescription for this instead?”

If you like this happy-face diagram, here’s another resource that’s even more likely to make you smile: https://pain-calculator.com/[3] from the PEER group has even more similar evidence-based diagrams.

2. Practical Cannabis Tool #2: The Cannabis Clinical Flowchart

While the Simplified Guideline was a great tool for patients with one of those four conditions, it didn’t provide much guidance for the patients who ask me, “What about cannabis for anxiety? Or insomnia? Or arthritis?”

The Ministry of Health recognized this challenge and partnered with UBC CPD to create relevant education and point-of-care resources.

When I was approached to help with this project, I was reluctant because at that time I had never actually prescribed cannabis. Even more embarrassing was what happened when I mentioned that at one of our first planning meetings: I was quickly informed by our expert panel that dried cannabis is “authorized” and not prescribed.

Fortunately, the experts were more than willing to share their experience, and ultimately, we created a tool with no industry sponsorship:

The Cannabis Clinical Flowchart [4] is a one-stop birds-eye view that helps clinicians navigate common cannabis concerns. For example, it can be used to help at the bedside with:

  • Non-medical use: Your patient is using cannabis recreationally;
  • Medical use: A patient asks for cannabis for a medical condition, both guideline-based and for conditions beyond the guidelines; and
  • Cannabis use disorder: You suspect a patient is struggling with problematic use.

Figure 1: UBC CPD’s Cannabis Clinical Flowchart [4] – the cheat sheet I always wished I had.

Fill in the blanks for cannabinoid pills or sprays, or an authorization for dried cannabis. Dosing, titration, and expert tips are built right in. Note: to gain full access, learners must sign up for UBC CPD’s Cannabis Education for Health Care Providers online course.

Figure 2: Yet another cheat sheet in the resource: UBC CPD’s Sample Cannabis Prescription & Authorization [5], complete with pre- and post-checklists and clinical tips.

Learn to confidently address patient questions and explore best practices in cannabis prescription/authorization at your own pace. Chock full of clinical tips and helpful resources, this course is accredited for 1.5 Mainpro+/MOC Section 3 credits.

­Learn how to prescribe/authorize cannabis through real-life case studies under expert guidance. Practice using featured resources to support you in your patient interactions. Accredited for 4.0 Mainpro+ credits.

What I do now

Now, when a patient asks me about cannabis, I no longer suffer from dizziness, dry mouth, and paranoia.

  1. Find out Why?
    If today’s visit has been busy I’ll rebook and promise to discuss it in detail at the next visit.
  2. Pull out the flowchart
    …and work through the steps with the patient.
  3. Discuss and prescribe (or authorize) confidently
    Even if the evidence doesn’t fully support cannabis for my patient’s condition, these tools help me practice in an evidence-limited landscape while understanding what our medical regulators expect [8]. I can now explain the potential harms and benefits, avoid high-risk situations, consider a safe and reasonable dose, and complete the required pre-prescription steps and post-prescription monitoring.
  1. Gardiner KM, Singleton JA, Sheridan J, Kyle GJ, Nissen LM. Health professional beliefs, knowledge, and concerns surrounding medicinal cannabis – a systematic review. PLoS ONE. 2019;14(5):e0216556. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0216556 (View)
  2. Allan GM, Ramji J, Perry D, et al. Simplified guideline for prescribing medical cannabinoids in primary care. Can Fam Physician. 2018;64(2):111-120. Accessed October 16, 2020. (View)
  3. Pain Calculator. Patients Experience Evidence Research (PEER). Accessed October 16, 2020. (View)
  4. Cannabis Clinical Flowchart. The University of British Columbia, Faculty of Medicine, Division of Continuing Professional Development (UBC CPD). Accessed October 16, 2020. ( View)
  5. Sample Cannabis Prescription & Authorization. The University of British Columbia, Faculty of Medicine, Division of Continuing Professional Development (UBC CPD). Updated October 6, 2020. Accessed October 16, 2020. (View*)
  6. Cannabis Education for Health Care Providers online course. The University of British Columbia, Faculty of Medicine, Division of Continuing Professional Development (UBC CPD). Accessed October 16, 2020. (View)
  7. Cannabis Education for Health Care Providers virtual workshops. The University of British Columbia, Faculty of Medicine, Division of Continuing Professional Development (UBC CPD). Accessed October 16, 2020. (View)
  8. Practice Standard: Cannabis for Medical Purposes. College of Physicians and Surgeons of British Columbia (CPSBC). November 4, 2016. Updated February 12, 2020. Accessed October 1, 2020. (View)
  9. Authorizing Dried Cannabis for Chronic Pain or Anxiety: Preliminary Guidance from the College of Family Physicians of Canada. College of Family Physicians of Canada. 2014. Accessed October 16, 2020. (View)
  10. The Highs and Lows of Medical Cannabis. Alberta College of Family Physicians. October 15, 2018. Accessed October 16, 2020. (View)
  11. Crawley A, LeBras M, Regier L. Cannabis: Overview. RxFiles. Accessed October 27, 2020. (View)
  12. Cannabis and Driving. Ontario Medical Association. Accessed October 27, 2020. (View)
  13. Bertram J, Cirone S, Radakrisnan A. Non-Medical Cannabis. Centre for Effective Practice (CEP). Accessed October 27, 2020. (View)
  14. Fischer B, Russell C, Sabioni P, et al. Lower-Risk Cannabis Use Guidelines (LRCUG): an evidence-based update. Am J Public Health. 2017;107(8). doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2017.303818 (View)

*To gain access to the interactive and most up to date versions of these documents, learners are encouraged to access the free Cannabis Education for Health Care Providers online course.

Additional Reading & Useful Tools:
    [9] (2014): An updated version of this resource is expected to be released in the near future. [10] (2020): Tips from the practice standard, plus many more tools[11] [12] [13] [14] [15] are integrated into the UBC CPD Cannabis Clinical Flowchart and Sample Cannabis Prescription & Authorization. : Summary of emerging evidence for seven medical conditions not covered in the CFPC Simplified Guideline for Prescribing Cannabinoids in Primary Care. Note: to gain access, learners must sign up for Cannabis Education for Health Care Providers online course. : Appendix to CFPC Simplified Guideline for Prescribing Cannabinoids in Primary Care.

6 responses to ““Can you prescribe me cannabis, doc?””

Good topic important for primary care.

Love the charts and approach.

In Figure One there appears to be a typo in the Neuropathic Pain evidence summary box. The listed NNT for neuropathic pain is 3, which would actually imply it is the most effective pharmaceutical option. The listed reference, Allan et al 2018 guideline, contains absolute effect sizes and NNT estimates in table 1, which identifies the outcome of 30% improvement in neuropathic pain scale as providing an NNT of 11 or 14, depending on inclusion or exclusion of cancer studies. Either way, NNT 11 is very different effect size than NNT of 3, as 3 implies 33% of patients improve on drug over placebo, and 11 implies 9% of patients experience this improvement. Hopefully this typo can be easily fixed, as I suspect this algorithm will be used by many clinicians in the coming months.
As a secondary comment, the NNT of 15 quoted for palliative pain is transcribed correctly, but the source reference specifically notes it as a Non Statistically Significant (NSS) finding, with Very low quality evidence, perhaps NSS could be added to indicate the tenuous nature of this estimate.

Nice resources! A little proofreading to take this from good to great ;^) The previous commenter already pointed out the most important issue – NNT errors. There also seem to be some missing links within the flow chart itself – to the online modules and video?; and some redundant wording in this heading “Cannabis Sample Cannabis Prescription & Authorization”…
I found this to be helpful and it may well be useful in practice.

Thank you for this. I am giving a talk later this month on the use of cannabis in long term facilities as Interior Health has begun to accept patients’ use, and will definitely provide this as a resource.
A few thoughts.
1. The answer to why the research is unreliable is a bit sugar coated and does not mention the previously illegal nature of cannabis and how cannabis research was restricted. It wouldn’t hurt to mention that it is more difficult to study cannabis in Canada now than prior to legalization. I am the qualified investigator for an RCT of cannabis for PTSD symptoms and the hurdles are immense. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitoba/canada-cannabis-research-barriers-1.5326667
2. Under “Strategies for safer cannabis use”, you suggest “Avoid inhaling”. This doesn’t generally produce the desired effect. I might suggest “Avoid smoking or vaping”.
3. The side effects that you list for CBD come from the Epidiolex monograph, which recommends doses of 5-20 mg/kg/day. These doses, in excess of 500-1000 mg/day have been found to be associated with these complications. Given that the cost of CBD is approximately $0.1/mg, very few patients will be able to afford such doses. Few patients in my practice take more than 60 mg/day and I have not seen the degree of reported side effects that you are suggesting.
4. There seems to be a typo above the “Sample Cannabinoid Prescription” where the arrows have been interchanged – “Dried Cannabis or Cannabis Oil” and “Nabilone or nabiximols”
5. On the topic of nabiximols, this is an expensive way to get an equal mixture of THC and CBD to a patient via an alcohol-based vehicle that is notorious for causing buccal irritation. A number of licensed producers make an equivalent mixture of THC and CBD in a carrier oil that can also be delivered by buccal spray and is cheaper.
6. Under suggested starting dose, “2-2.5 mg of CBD+/-THC” is a bit unclear. Dosage should be specified as the THC component, which is usually what causes most side effects. I would potentially start lower, at 1 mg THC, especially in elderly patients. My practice is to match this with at least as much CBD or more, as this has been speculated (little firm evidence) to decrease the “high” effect of THC.

This article is very interesting. I especially like the happy faces diagram. I would like to use that with clients. I work in mental health and addictions and a lot of clients relied on marijuana for pain management of various conditions. The happy faces scale could be useful in swaying people from the conviction that they need to smoke or ingest cannabis, or use opioids.

How to get a CBD Oil Prescription

Since April 1st, 2020, the Medicinal Cannabis scheme has been in force in New Zealand. You may be surprised to learn that your doctor has been able to prescribe cannabidiol (CBD) since December 2018. Although more doctors are choosing to do so, in part at the request of their patients, there are still many doctors that are hesitant or have little experience. So what to do? Read on for a step by step guide.

Set your expectations

Medicinal Cannabis is not a panacea. However, it has been shown to be of use in some patients for a large number of different conditions. Start by educating yourself with medicinal cannabis information on this site and be clear what you want CBD to treat in your case so that you can have a specific conversation with your doctor.

Understand the likely cost

Medicinal Cannabis is not currently funded by PHARMAC or health insurers. This means you will need to pay for the product when you pick up your prescription from your pharmacy. The cost depends on both the brand of product you choose (some are much more than others) and the dose you will be taking (the higher the dose the more it will cost). Often brands will offer multiple package sizes which means that if you can afford it, you can pay more up front for a product that will last you longer and cost less on a per dose basis.

It can be useful to ask your pharmacy which products they have been dispensing and their costs. That way you may be able to request a particular brand from your doctor that you know is affordable for you and that you know is available from a pharmacy convenient to you.

Approach your GP

Tell your GP in advance that you would like to discuss medicinal cannabis and CBD in particular. Often you can do this by phoning the clinic or sending an email. That way your GP will know in advance and if for some reason they feel uncomfortable prescribing it for you, they can let you know before you have gone to the tie and expense of a consultation.

Many GPs won’t have been trained on cannabis as a medicine during their training so in some cases they will need to do some research of their own. It can help if you send through information you have researched but take care it is from credible sources. You can tell your doctor you have been on this site and even mention they can get specific medicinal cannabis information designed for healthcare professionals from this site too.

What to ask your GP

Be prepared for your consultation. Prescribing Medicinal Cannabis is the same for your GP as prescribing any other medicine with a few important distinctions. Most of their options are unapproved medicines meaning they don’t have all the evidence of their effectiveness or clear guidance as to what is the best dose for your condition. This means there will need to be some trial and error and a general approach known as dose titration.

Dose titration means you will start with a low dose and slowly increase it looking to find the dose which works for you. The best dose will be the lowest one that provides you with the benefits you are looking for. Going higher only increases the chance you may have a side effect and of course increases the cost.

Some questions to ask your doctor include:

Can I take CBD if I’m taking other medications?

What are the risks of CBD?

How often and when should I take CBD?

Refer to the product options you learned about when speaking with your pharmacy. Between this list and others your doctor may raise you should be able to find a product that will meet your needs and fit your budget. Your doctor will write a prescription with the brand of product. Most of the products will be tinctures which are drops you apply under your tongue. These are probably the best to start with as they make it easy to change the dose you take.

Getting your prescription filled

Once you have your prescription it will pay to drop it off to your pharmacy or have your doctor fax it through if that service is available. That is because your pharmacy cannot stock the product and will need to order it from their pharmaceutical wholesaler. Usually this means the product will be available the next day for you to pick up.

Ask your pharmacist for any advice they have. Pharmacists are the experts on medicines and they can share any information they have gleaned from dispensing medicinal cannabis to other patients.

Best wishes on your health journey

We hope you found this guide helpful. You can find more questions and guidance in our Talking with your doctor section elsewhere on this site.

How to get cbd oil prescription

An overview of medical cannabis access for patients and medical professionals

Any medical doctor can prescribe medicinal cannabis in Australia with the approval from the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) and the relevant State or Territory’s Health Department.

Patients may be eligible to trial medicinal cannabis if they have a chronic medical condition where conventional treatment options were determined to be unsuitable, and there is evidence to support the use of medicinal cannabis for the condition.

Most medicinal cannabis products are unapproved products in Australia as they do not appear on the Australian Register of Therapeutic Goods (ARTG). This means that you can’t simply go to a doctor, obtain a prescription, and fill it at a pharmacy as you would with conventional registered medicines.

Instead, the TGA, the governing body that regulates access to all medicines including medicinal cannabis, have created pathways for doctors to access medicinal cannabis products for their patients, where clinically appropriate.

Australian registered medical practitioners who would like to access unapproved medicinal cannabis products for the treatment of appropriate patients may choose to do so through the Special Access Scheme (SAS) or the Authorised Prescriber Scheme. Alternatively, doctors can suggest their patients for a clinical trial or refer them to a doctor more experienced with medicinal cannabis.

Cbd oil health benefits 2022

Dublin, June 15, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — The "Global CBD Oil Market 2022-2026" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering. The CBD oil… Thinking of starting a CBD-infused lifestyle? Learn everything that you need to know about CBD oil in our 2020 definitive guide here. As more US states have legalized recreational cannabis or passed medical cannabis laws, public perception that cannabis is a harmless substance is growing. But its long-term benefits and risks remain unclear, and research has revealed consistently that heavy long-term cannabis use can affect cognition in midlife.

Global CBD Oil Markets Report 2022-2026: Health-Promoting Benefits of CBD Oil and Increasing Number of New Product Launches

Dublin, June 15, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — The “Global CBD Oil Market 2022-2026” report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com’s offering.

The CBD oil market is poised to grow by $3.97 billion during 2022-2026, accelerating at a CAGR of 26.43%

This study identifies the growing legalization of cannabis-based products as one of the prime reasons driving the CBD oil market growth during the next few years. Also, advent of advanced cultivation processes and growth in the e-commerce industry will lead to sizable demand in the market.

The market is driven by the growing Millennial population in key cannabis markets, the health-promoting benefits of CBD oil, and the increasing number of new product launches.

This report on the CBD oil market provides a holistic analysis, market size and forecast, trends, growth drivers, and challenges, as well as vendor analysis covering around 25 vendors. The report offers an up-to-date analysis regarding the current global market scenario, latest trends and drivers, and the overall market environment. The CBD oil market analysis includes the product segment and geographic landscape.

The robust vendor analysis is designed to help clients improve their market position, and in line with this, the report provides a detailed analysis of several leading CBD oil market vendors. Also, the CBD oil market analysis report includes information on upcoming trends and challenges that will influence market growth. This is to help companies strategize and leverage all forthcoming growth opportunities.

Key Topics Covered:

1 Executive Summary
1.1 Market overview

2 Market Landscape
2.1 Market ecosystem

3 Market Sizing
3.1 Market definition
3.2 Market segment analysis
3.3 Market size 2021
3.4 Market outlook: Forecast for 2021-2026

4 Five Forces Analysis
4.1 Five forces summary
4.2 Bargaining power of buyers
4.3 Bargaining power of suppliers
4.4 Threat of new entrants
4.5 Threat of substitutes
4.6 Threat of rivalry
4.7 Market condition

5 Market Segmentation by Product
5.1 Market segments
5.2 Comparison by Product
5.3 Marijuana derived cbd oil – Market size and forecast 2021-2026
5.4 Hemp derived cbd oil – Market size and forecast 2021-2026
5.5 Market opportunity by Product

6 Customer Landscape
6.1 Customer landscape overview

7 Geographic Landscape
7.1 Geographic segmentation
7.2 Geographic comparison
7.3 North America – Market size and forecast 2021-2026
7.4 South America – Market size and forecast 2021-2026
7.5 Europe – Market size and forecast 2021-2026
7.6 APAC – Market size and forecast 2021-2026
7.7 Middle East and Africa – Market size and forecast 2021-2026
7.8 US – Market size and forecast 2021-2026
7.9 Canada – Market size and forecast 2021-2026
7.10 Germany – Market size and forecast 2021-2026
7.11 France – Market size and forecast 2021-2026
7.12 UK – Market size and forecast 2021-2026
7.13 Market opportunity By Geographical Landscape

8 Drivers, Challenges, and Trends
8.1 Market drivers
8.2 Market challenges
8.3 Impact of drivers and challenges
8.4 Market trends

9 Vendor Landscape
9.1 Overview
9.2 Vendor landscape
9.3 Landscape disruption
9.4 Industry risks

10 Vendor Analysis
10.1 Vendors covered
10.2 Market positioning of vendors

The 2022 Definitive Guide to CBD Oil + Benefits Chart

You’ve seen advertisements for anything from CBD bath bombs to CBD toothpaste . Your friends— and even your parents —have been talking about CBD.

Now you’re ready to see what all the buzz is about. Well, you’ve come to the right place.

We put together this ultimate guide to CBD oil to give you all the information you need to launch a CBD-infused lifestyle.

If you want to hop right into our top suggestion at SnackNation, then check out Vitalibis – the first CBD oil that we trust due to their certified organic farming practices.

Browse the topics below to learn the difference between full-spectrum CBD oil and CBD isolate, find out what research says about CBD, and get the tips you need to discover your perfect CBD product.

CBD: Cannabidiol

Everything You Need to Know About CBD Oil

    • What is CBD Oil?
    • CBD Oil With THC
    • CBD Oil Without THC

    Taking CBD Oil

    • How Long Does it Take for CBD Oil to Work?
    • CBD Oil Drug Test
    • CBD Oil Uses
    • CBD Oil for Pain
    • CBD Oil for Anxiety
    • CBD Oil for Sleep

    CBD Oil For Other Ailments

    CBD Product Guide

    CBD Edibles

    CBD Vape Oil and CBD Vape Juice

    Other CBD Products

    CBD Oil Reviews

    CBD Terms Glossary:

    • CBD (short for cannabidiol): A plant-based compound known for its calming effects. CBD comes from hemp and cannabis plants.
    • Cannabis: A type of cannabis plant that contains 0.3% or more of the psychoactive compound, THC (tetrahydrocannabinol).
    • Hemp: A type of cannabis plant that contains 0.3% or less of the psychoactive compound, THC (tetrahydrocannabinol).
    • THC(short for tetrahydrocannabinol): A plant-based compound known for its psychoactive properties. THC comes from cannabis plants.
    • Marijuana: Pieces of dried cannabis plant with high levels of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol).
    • Psychoactive: Substances that affect the mind, mental processes, or behavior.
    • Cannabinoids: Biologically active chemical compounds found in cannabis plants.
    • Endocannabinoid system: A sophisticated molecular signaling system in all vertebrates that, among other things, allows us to feel the effects of cannabinoids.
    • Certificates of Analysis (COA): Document that shows all the ways a product meets a list of specifications. Often created by third-party laboratories with no association to the manufacturer of the product, COAs ensure accuracy of marketing claims.
    • Measurable: Verifiable. Based on empirical evidence such as numbers and data.
    • Anecdotal: Unverifiable. Based on personal reports, observations, and opinions.

    The information in this post is meant to be informational. We are not offering medical advice, legal guidance, or product endorsements. This information was not collected or reviewed by medical or legal professionals.

    Have You Heard Of The Employee Retention Credit?

    CBD: Cannabidiol

    What is CBD?

    The short answer: CBD is a plant-based compound known for its calming effects.

    The details:

    Your CBD adventures start with one fundamental question: What is CBD?

    CBD —or cannabidiol if you like using words with lots of syllables—is, in the most basic terms, a chemical compound. The words “chemical” and “compound” might make you think of synthetic substances created in a laboratory, but guess what? CBD is 100% natural. In fact, it comes from a plant you’ve probably heard of before: the cannabis plant.

    Some people freeze when they hear the word “cannabis.” That’s because many people use “cannabis” and “marijuana” synonymously to describe the drug that gets you high.

    When we’re talking about cannabis in the context of CBD, we’re just talking about a plant that contains over 400 compounds called cannabinoids. Some cannabinoids, like tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, are psychoactive; they affect your mental processes. Many cannabinoids, including CBD, are not psychoactive.

    What Does CBD Stand For?

    The short answer: CBD stands for cannabidiol.

    The details:

    CBD stands for cannabidiol. The term spares us from trying to say and spell cannabidiol over and over again.

    The “cannabis” portion of the word indicates the compound’s origin in the cannabis plant. The “diol” portion of the word indicates the two alcohols in the compound. (In this case, alcohol simply describes a molecule made of carbon (C), oxygen (O), and hydrogen (H) atoms—not a tasty adult beverage.)

    Most cannabinoids have similar names . This makes it easy for us to tell they share cannabis as their mother plant.

    • Cannabidiolic Acid (CBDA)
    • Cannabinol (CBN)
    • Cannabigerol (CBG)

    Does CBD Get You High?

    The short answer: No.

    The details:

    Many people react to this statement with a healthy dose of dubiousness. Why not? It comes from the cannabis plant!

    CBD alone—when it’s not paired with other compounds in the cannabis plant, such as THC—does not produce the psychoactive (mind-altering) effects we perceive as “getting high.”

    Just one of the many compounds found in the cannabis plant, CBD can be isolated from the other compounds to make a product with practically no chance of triggering a high.

    However, CBD products often contain some THC, which is psychoactive. Check the labels and certificates of analysis (COA) to find out if your product contains any percentage of THC.

    CBD Clinical Trials

    The takeaway: Keep an eye out for news of CBD clinical trials that will verify or call into question the promising health benefits many believe CBD provides.

    The details:

    Throughout this post, you’ll learn that many experts withhold their optimism on the benefits of CBD, pointing to a lack of evidence from controlled trials and systematic research. Promising results from CBD clinical trials would give them satisfying evidence.

    Clinical trials on CBD have been relatively limited so far, but, as CBD benefit claims multiply and CBD popularity grows, we’ll likely see more trials.

    If you want to see some hard data from current and completed clinical trials, then you can browse the United States National Library database of CBD clinical trials.

    THC vs CBD

    Short answer:

    CBD and THC are different compounds. THC is psychoactive; it affects your mental processes (it gets you high). CBD is not psychoactive.

    The details:

    CBD and THC, like siblings, have a lot in common, but they also have many key differences.

    Different compounds, or cannabinoids, CBD and THC both come from the same parent plant, but they interact in your body , specifically in your body’s endocannabinoid system, in different ways.

    CBD and THC share a molecular structure, but they have a different arrangement of atoms. This simple difference in atomic arrangement explains why the two compounds interact with your endocannabinoid receptors in different ways and why CBD doesn’t get you high while THC does.

    How Long Does CBD Stay in Your System?

    The short answer: CBD can stay in an average person’s system for up to 5 days. However, the length of time CBD stays in any individual’s system fluctuates depending on a variety of factors, including dosage, CBD form, the person’s weight, and more.

    The details:

    If there’s any chance you might have to take a drug test , then, of course, you’ll wonder how long CBD stays in your system, just in case. (But for the record, if the CBD you took contains no THC or CBN, then you should be fine, even if the CBD is still in your system.)

    Studies investigating CBD’s lifespan in the body have found—in general—that the compound can stay in the blood for up to 5 days. Other studies found that CBD might stay in the urine for only 24 hours.

    Just as different bodies and different circumstances affect the metabolism of food and alcohol, different circumstances and bodily characteristics affect how a body will absorb, process, and retain CBD.

    So what factors are most influential to how long CBD will stay in your system?

    • How you take the CBD. (Results will differ depending on whether you ingest, smoke, or vaporize your CBD.)
    • Your own individual metabolism.
    • What else, including food, is in your system when you take the CBD.
    • How much CBD you take and how often.

    What Drugs Should Not Be Taken with CBD?

    The short answer:

    Many drugs could interact with CBD, and it’s important to check with your doctor before you mix CBD with medications, including over-the-counter medications.

    The details:

    In the grand scheme of things, experts have really only scratched the surface of CBD research, experiments, and investigations. That’s why you’ll have a hard time finding a straightforward answer about what drugs you should not mix with CBD.

    Experts do know that our bodies use the same set of enzymes to metabolize CBD as we use to metabolize most medications available on the market. That means there’s a chance CBD could interact with a majority of medications.

    This doesn’t mean that the interactions would be catastrophic, significant, or even noticeable; it just means there’s a big chance CBD and your medication could interact and alter each other’s intended effects, leading to different outcomes in your body.

    It will take years for experts to develop a more straightforward answer to this question. For now, play it safe by talking to your doctor or pharmacist before mixing CBD strains with any medications.

    CBD Dosage Calculator

    If you’re trying CBD for the first time, then you probably have no idea how much to take.

    All the products you find have vastly different concentrations, so it’s hard to even guess what a standard dose might be.

    Try to find your ideal CBD dosage by using this crowd-sourced CBD dosage calculator .

    You simply plug in some information, and the calculator recommends a dosage. The tool calculates answers based on their pools of self-reported user data.

    This is the perfect place to start if you’re new to CBD or if you haven’t achieved the results you were hoping for so far in your CBD adventures.

    Everything You Need to Know About CBD Oil

    What is CBD Oil?

    The short answer:

    CBD oil is simply the CBD compound infused into a carrier oil.

    The details:

    So we know CBD is technically a compound, a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that reacts with receptors in our bodies to produce a calming effect.

    Now it’s time to get into more practical questions. How do you actually get CBD into your body?

    Oil is one of the most popular vessels for CBD.

    CBD oil is essentially just the CBD compound infused into a carrier oil. After that infusion, the oil will have a concentration of CBD . There’s no standard concentration of CBD across CBD oils, so the potency of these products varies.

    CBD Oil

    The takeaway:

    CBD oil products mimic the naturally oily plant material they’re extracted from.

    The details:

    Have you ever wondered why so many CBD products are CBD oils?

    The CBD-rich parts of the cannabis plant are naturally resinous and oily. So when we extract the CBD from these bits, what we get is already thick and oily. It’s primed for infusions into other carrier oils.

    So when you enjoy a CBD oil, you’re enjoying CBD close to its natural state.

    To dive even deeper, the CBD we extract to create oils and other products come from trichomes. Some experts call trichomes “ plant hair ,” because of their growth structure and their ability to retain metabolites. (Even the word “trichomes” comes from the Greek word for “hair.”)

    Naturally resinous, the CBD solvent we can extract from trichomes will vary in CBD potency, depending on the CBD present in the trichomes and also the method used to extract the CBD from the trichomes.

    CBD Oil Effects

    The takeaway:

    A wide range of users reports a wide range of effects when taking CBD.

    The details:

    So we’ve established that CBD does not get you high as its cousin, THC, does. So what does CBD do? What are the main potential effects that attract people to this trendy compound?

    Before we dive in, let’s group the types of CBD benefits into two categories:

    Measurable effects: These outcomes have been studied, quantified, and corroborated by multiple controlled studies and trials. These effects involve measurable factors, such as the number of seizures or blood pressure readings.

    • Some measurable effects of CBD include:
      • Decreased risk of heart disease
      • Seizure management

      Anecdotal effects: These outcomes have been reported by CBD users, but they don’t include a measurable component or they simply can’t be measured. For example, a reduction of pain is an anecdotal benefit because we have no universally accepted measurement for pain, and pain is subjective—it lives in the “eye of the beholder” so to speak.

      • Some anecdotal effects of CBD include:
        • Decreased anxiety.
        • Mitigated addiction withdrawal symptoms
        • Lessened pain

        CBD Oil Benefits

        The takeaway:

        CBD’s reported benefits hold promise for a variety of health issues.

        The details:

        People who’ve tried CBD have reported a wide range of benefits. While many effects and benefits could be considered subjective, these benefits also come along with anecdotal evidence that could be extremely compelling for anyone looking to achieve similar benefits.

        • Pain management. Studies showed rats on CBD had decreased activity in brain regions associated with pain.
        • Anxiety and depression reduction . One study showed that CBD can reduce anxiety in humans preparing to speak publicly. Animal studies demonstrated effects similar to antidepressants.
        • Chemotherapy side effect management. CBD reduces chemotherapy-induced nausea.
        • Skin clearing. A laboratory test-tube study showed that CBD might help block the production of excess skin oils and the inflammatory response that leads to acne.
        • Seizure management. CBD helps reduce epileptic seizures. Heart health. Some research subjects saw a decrease in blood pressure when taking CBD, and CBD appeared to be able to reduce inflammation and cell death in patients who had already succumbed to heart disease.

        What is CBD Oil Good For?

        The short answer:

        Seizure reduction. CBD is potentially good for a number of things, but seizure reduction is the most research-backed CBD benefit.

        The details:

        People anecdotally report a variety of CBD benefits . However, when it comes to benefits that most experts agree has enough measurable evidence (from systematic trials and research), epileptic seizure reduction takes the cake.

        Even the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) found the evidence for CBD’s seizure reducing abilities compelling enough to pursue.

        The FDA’s expert panels found enough evidence to approve a CBD-based treatment for epilepsy . This particular approval made history as the first FDA acceptance of a drug made from cannabis.

        What about the other purported benefits of CBD?

        While many people report a range of other benefits—and there is some evidence to back them up—experts want multiple trials and multiple peer-reviewed studies to verify any claim before they start making any conclusive statements that could give patients false hope.

        CBD Benefits Chart

        If your head is spinning from hearing about one CBD benefit here and another there, then you need something that can give you a quick view of the full range of anecdotally reported CBD benefits. You need a CBD benefits chart.

        This comprehensive chart from The Physicians’ Choice bullets out a complete list of potential CBD benefits.

        As an added bonus, the chart also lists the benefits of other cannabinoids, including THC, CBN, and CBDA.

        Here are some potential CBD benefit highlights from the chart:

        • Antibacterial properties
        • Cancer-fighting capabilities
        • Pain and anxiety relief
        • Seizure reduction
        • Bone-boosting capabilities
        • Neuron shielding abilities
        • Psoriasis treatment potential

        Is CBD Oil Legal?

        The short answer:

        CBD from industrialized hemp is federally legal. However, for your practical purposes, you need to know how hemp—and cannabis for that matter—is regulated in your state .

        The details:

        CBD from industrialized hemp is federally legal , but if manufacturers make claims of “therapeutic benefits,” then the product could be regulated, meaning a manufacturer could be selling and marketing legal CBD in a way that is unlawful .

        Find additional information about cannabis and the legal use of CBD here.

        If you’re a real policy wonk, then you might what to peruse the full texts of these relevant documents:

        The Hemp Farming Act

        Farm Bill

        To make things more complicated, the source of CBD could make a difference when it comes down to regulations.

        • Industrialized hemp is federally legal
        • Cannabis is federally illegal
        • CBD can come from either hemp plants or cannabis plants
        • So if you live in a state that has legalized recreational marijuana, then you’re likely in the clear no matter what.
        • However, if you live in a state that does not allow marijuana, and you happen to buy CBD sourced from cannabis instead of hemp, then you could run into trouble.

        The moral of the story is: know your state’s hemp and cannabis regulations. Never assume that your ability to purchase a product means it’s legal.

        CBD Oil Side Effects

        The takeaway: Based on current reports, CBD users could experience dry mouth, lightheadedness, drowsiness, nausea, or anxiety.

        The details:

        HugsCBD reminds us that CBD, a young product from a young industry, has enjoyed fewer tests and research studies than nearly any prescription or over-the-counter medication. (After all, those laundry lists of possible side-effects that make you panic and give you a headache come from years of research and observation!)

        Here are some of the CBD side effects that have been reported so far. These are all side effects some people have experienced. There’s no guarantee you will feel any of these effects or that you won’t feel effects that aren’t on this list.

        Common short-term side effects:

        • Dry mouth
        • Lightheadedness
        • Drowsiness
        • Nausea
        • Anxiety

        Common long-term effects:

        CBD will need to be on the market for several years before we have a comprehensive list of long-term consequences.

        • Dental issues . This relates to the short-term side effects of dry mouth. Moisture protects your teeth and gums, so a dry mouth leaves people more susceptible to cavities and gum problems.
        • Increased liver enzymes . Whether this effect grows ultimately into a net positive or a net negative remains to be seen.

        CBD Oil Research

        The takeaway:

        When it comes to what the research indicates definitively, or nearly definitively, on CBD, experts say, “the jury is still out.”

        The details:

        The headline of this Northwestern Medicine post sums up the research conducted to date on CBD perfectly: “Promising, But Not Yet Proven.”

        The post includes expert opinions and commentary from researchers and medical practitioners, the people in the front lines who observe CBD’s effects in laboratories and on patients. The experts aren’t sold on CBD’s benefits, saying that in most cases, “the jury is still out.”

        Experts agree that CBD’s use against seizures has satisfactory evidence, but they want consumers to remember that the general idea that CBD is “broadly beneficial” is a bit of a myth. They don’t want to call anything a cure-all until more evidence supports the claim.

        So what can we get excited about now? Get excited about the future, but as you read about health claims (which you’ll probably see more and more of as CBD grows more popular), look for the evidence before you make any assumptions.

        CBD Oil vs Hemp Oil

        The takeaway:

        If consuming CBD is your ultimate goal, then read the labels of all the products you purchase.

        Products called “CBD oil” and products called “hemp oil” might be nearly the same when it comes to CBD content, but they can also be radically different depending on their plant components, their plant sources, and the ways they were produced.

        The details:

        Consumers can expect to be confused by terms like “CBD,” “hemp,” and “marijuana.” All these terms have multiple meanings and can be used in popular but incorrect ways, which only adds to the confusion.

        The root of the matter lies in the plant sources. CBD is found in both hemp plants and cannabis plants. Hemp and cannabis are like identical twins in the plant world : they look and smell almost exactly the same, so they’re hard for people to distinguish.

        As the experts at Phys Org put it, “ Cannabis plants with 0.3 percent or less of THC are hemp. Cannabis plants with more than 0.3 percent THC are marijuana.”

        What does this mean for CBD products? Here’s a little cheat sheet based on information from Medical News Today :

        • CBD oil = hemp or cannabis stalks, leaves, and flowers. CBD oil will always include CBD. (Of course!)
        • Hemp oil or hemp seed oil = hemp or cannabis seeds. These products may or may not include CBD.

        CBD Oil With THC

        The takeaway:

        In locations where recreational marijuana is legal, consumers can enjoy CBD oil and products that contain some percentage of THC if they want a mild high without some of the negative effects of THC.

        The details:

        Leafly has the necessary details for anyone hoping to blend their CBD with some THC.

        The basic breakdowns of CBD and THC combinations can be summarized in three basic “configurations.”

        • High THC and low CBD (Leafly says products that are 10-30% THC and contain only a little CBD fall into this category.)
        • Balanced amounts of THC and CBD (Leafly says products that are 5-15% of both THC and CBD fall into this category.)
        • High CBD and low THC (Leafly says products that are 5-20% CBD and 5% or less of THC fall into this category.)

        High CBD products work best for consumers who don’t want to get the euphoric high THC provides or for consumers who have a particular sensitivity to THC.

        CBD Oil Without THC

        The takeaway:

        When you’re browsing for CBD oil, check to see if the product has a third-party lab report and certificate of analysis (COA) that verifies the product contains no THC.

        The details:

        CBD oil with no detectable THC will provide only the purported calming effects of CBD without any of the “high” that comes along with THC.

        These products work well for people who can’t consume any THC due to their jobs.

        CBDoilusers.com has pre-screened some THC-free products (including oils, vape juices, and gummies) to save you research time. Their recommended brands include:

        Taking CBD Oil

        How to Take CBD Oil

        The short answer:

        It depends on what you want the CBD to do.

        The details:

        Foria has a complete set of suggestions for determining how to take CBD to achieve the effect you want. Here are some prompts based on their post to help you figure out how you should take CBD:

        • What do you want to get out of your CBD? (Pain relief, stress relief, or creativity?)
        • How fast do you need the CBD to work?
          • Foria advises using inhaled CBD products (like vaporizers) to get quick relief and oral products to get relief throughout the day.
          • As you experiment with CBD, pay attention to the effects and document your dosages. If you’re new, start with a low dose and slowly add more.
          • The CBD percentages listed on labels don’t translate to literal absorption for every person. The percentage of CBD in a product is how much you might absorb if your body processes the product perfectly, which it probably won’t.
          • Check all the instructions on the label of your product. Many of them include tips for optimal absorption.

          CBD Oil Dosage

          The takeaway:

          The United States Food and Drug Administration has not yet established dosage recommendations on CBD.

          If you’re new to CBD, then your best bet is to ask your doctor where to start and experiment from there.

          The details:

          CBD affects different people differently, kind of like how caffeine affects people differently.

          If you drink coffee, then you’ve probably noticed that caffeine impacts you differently than it impacts your friends and co-workers. Maybe your hand starts shaking halfway through your first cup while your friend is still yawning through her second cup.

          And it’s not just your baseline chemical makeup and bodyweight that can impact how CBD affects you. Your reaction can change from day to day depending on what kind of food you’ve eaten or how much sleep you’ve had.

          Don’t worry—with some experimentation and observation, you’ll soon know how CBD affects you.

          Healthline recommends asking your doctor where to start. If that’s not an option, then you can go with one of the most popular starting doses: 20 – 40 mg per day.

          Scale up or down in increments of 5 mg per day until you achieve the desired effect. Keep a diary or log so you remember how much CBD you took and how it affected you.

          This crowd-sourced CBD dosage calculator can also help you do your own research.

          How Long Does It Take for CBD Oil to Work?

          The short answer:

          It depends on your body chemistry, how much you take, what form you take it in, where it was sourced, and more.

          The details:

          An expert quoted in this Well + Good article puts it perfectly when she says CBD “isn’t one-size-fits-all.”

          When you ask how long it takes CBD to work, what you’re really asking is: How long will it take my body to absorb the CBD?

          Absorption and effects should occur simultaneously.

          Here are the main factors that affect your absorption:

          • The form of your CBD.CBD edibles will likely affect you more slowly as your body has to break down some food to get to the CBD. CBD tinctures will likely be quicker to impact you.
          • The quality of your CBD. Full-spectrum CBD oils retain the full range of compounds that provide blissful CBD feelings. You should also check products for third-party lab reports and certificates of analysis (COA) that verify exactly what you’re getting in your product.
          • Dosage. The more CBD you consume, the faster you’ll feel the effects.
          • Your body weight and body chemistry. Be mindful as you try CBD and start figuring out how fast it usually works for you.

          CBD Oil Drug Test

          The takeaway:

          CBD alone will not trigger a false-positive drug test for THC.

          The details:

          Researchers did a test to confirm that CBD doesn’t show up on some of the most popular screening tests used to detect THC.

          However, cannabinol (CBN) did trigger a positive test, and of course, products with some THC triggered a positive test as well.

          CBD products do not yet have to pass federal regulations before they go on sale, but consumers can rely on third-party lab tests to make sure they’re getting pure CBD without any CBN or THC.

          CBD users can also rest assured that most positive drug tests trigger confirmation screenings, especially if someone disputes a false positive.

          These more complex confirmation tests can see the difference between CBN and CBD, and will only pose problems if the CBD product also contained THC.

          CBD Oil Drug Interactions

          The takeaway:

          Always, always check with your doctor about potential CBD and drug interactions.

          We know too little about CBD so far for anyone to be sure how it might react with the vast number of prescription and over-the-counter drugs available today.

          The details:

          Your doctor or your pharmacist will best know how CBD might interact with the other drugs you’re taking.

          If you want to do your independent research, then check out the Drugs.com comprehensive list of drugs known to interact with cannabis.

          Drugs have shown to have major or clinically significant reactions include:

          So while the information we have now is currently sparse, the list will continue to grow as we do more research.

          CBD Oil Uses

          The takeaway:

          Research and trials tell us that CBD, when used to treat seizures, in the form of a prescription drug, Epidiolex, is safe and effective.

          The details:

          Most experts endorse the usage of CBD to combat epileptic seizures. There’s even an FDA-approved drug for this use.)

          For all other usages and benefits, medical practitioners are waiting for more research before they say anything conclusive.

          That said, many people are already using CBD in a variety of forms for a variety of ailments.

          • Forms of CBD use include oil, vapor, massage oils, topical lotions and patches, edibles, capsules, and more.
          • Reasons cited for CBD use include pain management, stress reduction, sleep improvement, and more.

          CBD Oil for Pain

          The takeaway:

          What we know so far suggests CBD may decrease feelings of pain, but we still have a lot left to learn.

          The details:

          While experts caution that we know too little about CBD so far to make absolute claims, they do point out strong evidence supporting the claim that CBD might be used in the future to manage chronic pain.

          For example, one review of existing literature examined multiple trials and studies and found that CBD can treat chronic pain.

          On top of that, a separate study also found CBD to be effective for treating chronic pain and reducing inflammation.

          Subjects didn’t seem to need a higher dosage of CBD as time passed. This contrasts to other painkillers that people eventually build a tolerance to, leading to increased dosages and dangerous addictions.

          So if CBD turns out to be effective for pain management, it could help fight the opioid epidemic, but at present, those hopes are merely conjecture.

          CBD Oil for Anxiety

          The takeaway:

          Research has shown that a CBD stick can achieve a measurable reduction in anxiety.

          The details:

          In some studies , CBD lessened the behavioral signs of anxiety, which include avoidance, mood swings, and jumpiness.

          Other studies show that CBD lessened the physical signs of anxiety, which include sweaty palms, dizziness, racing heart, and chest pain.

          These studies show promise for CBD’s use in a range of anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), social anxiety disorder (SAD), and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

          Experts hope CBD may be used alone to treat anxiety disorders or to enhance the benefits of other traditional therapies and medications.

          CBD Oil for Sleep

          The takeaway:

          Study evidence and personal reports suggest that CBD may help people fall asleep and get more sleep.

          The details:

          According to the experts quoted in this HuffPost article , CBD’s apparent ability to aid sleep correlates with its ability to decrease anxiety and calm people down.

          Scientifically speaking, CBD achieves these effects by interacting with two receptors in your brain:

          • GABA: Promotes relaxation and cracks down on overactive brains
          • Serotonin: Regulates mood and anxiety

          Both of these anxiety-inhibiting effects can open doors to dreamland if the subject’s insomnia stems from anxiety, worrying, and restlessness.

          People who’ve had success with CBD and sleep report drifting calmly to sleep and waking up without the grogginess sometimes associated with other sleep aids.

          CBD for Pets

          The takeaway:

          Currently limited evidence suggests CBD is safe for pets.

          The details:

          Cnet got the CBD-pet scoop from veterinarian and CBD expert Stephanie McGrath.

          As CBD pet products grew more and more trendy over the past few years, Stephanie found herself fielding lots of questions. Unfortunately, she didn’t have answers, and she couldn’t find answers in any existing literature. So she decided to find answers by doing her own research.

          Here are some of the most interesting things she found out:

          • CBD oil outperformed edibles and creams when it came to achieving the highest (and longest-lasting) concentration of CBD in the blood.
          • Current evidence suggests CBD is safe for dogs.
          • Stay in the clear by selecting products that come with a certificate of analysis (COA) from a third-party laboratory.
          • Keep your eyes open for research updates.

          SnackNation Recommends:

          CBD Oil for Dogs

          The takeaway:

          When trying CBD on your pup, talk to your own personal veterinarian, shop smart, and watch for side effects.

          The details:

          AKC’s Chief Veterinary Officer has all the details concerned dog parents need to know before giving their pups CBD.

          No formal, systematic studies have been conducted for the effects of CBD on dogs, but experts guess that CBD will have similar effects on dogs as it does on humans.

          In fact, the list of possible benefits for dogs are almost identical to the list of possible benefits for humans:

          • Anti-anxiety
          • Anti-nausea
          • Anti-inflammatory
          • Anti-seizure
          • Pro-appetite

          And the list of possible side effects are also in line with what we’ve seen in humans:

          • Drowsiness
          • Lower blood pressure
          • Dry mouth

          When shopping for dog CBD, this vet recommends:

          • Checking third-party lab reports for quality and contamination alerts
          • Finding organic products made without pesticides or solvents
          • Favoring liquid products to achieve the best effects

          CBD Oil for Cats

          The takeaway:

          What we know about CBD oil for cats is almost identical to what we know about CBD for dogs.

          When trying CBD on your kitty, talk to your own personal veterinarian, shop smart, and watch for side effects.

          The details:

          No in-depth studies have been conducted to formally evaluate the effects CBD has on cats or to determine CBD’s safety for cats

          Experts have also not seen anything to suggest CBD is unsafe for cats, and most experts generally recognize CBD as safe for cats.

          Pet owners should not let their guards down about all cannabis products. Cannabis plants have been shown to be toxic to cats.

          The potential benefits are, again, similar to the potential benefits for humans:

          • Anti-anxiety
          • Anti-inflammation
          • Anti-pain

          When shopping for cat CBD be sure to:

          • Check third-party lab reports for quality and contamination alerts
          • Find organic products without pesticides or solvents
          • Favor liquid products to achieve the best effects

          CBD Oil For Other Ailments

          CBD Oil for Migraines

          The takeaway:

          CBD may help reduce migraine pain, but more research is needed, and it’s important to consult your doctor before pursuing a treatment regimen.

          If you choose to try CBD to decrease your migraine pain, then be sure you’re getting the pure stuff.

          The details:

          One doctor who happens to be an expert on headaches says CBD could make a good migraine treatment because it works locally and doesn’t lead to intoxication.

          As is the case with CBD and many other ailments, the studies on CBD and migraines are so limited, most experts decline to make any official recommendations.

          This headache expert also suggests checking the products you’re browsing for purity. You want CBD with no THC or contaminants. So diligently check the lab reports and certificate of analysis (COA) and opt for brands you trust.

          • Shop CBD oils [Jump to most potent CBD section]

          CBD Oil for Depression

          The takeaway:

          It’s possible that CBD may help with feelings of depression, but scientists need to conduct more controlled trials before we can truly say there is sufficient evidence to make that claim.

          The details:

          While a few studies have generated compelling support for CBD’s potential to treat some ailments, depression is not one of them.

          Experts have not ruled out the idea that CBD might be used to treat depression, but they don’t yet have enough evidence to get truly excited.

          The good news is that they’re looking into it. The growing popularity of CBD has inspired research and clinical trials around the globe. With luck, we’ll have more solid answers soon.

          • Shop CBD oils [Jump to most potent CBD section]

          CBD Oil for Cancer

          The takeaway:

          Evidence and clinical trials suggest that cannabinoids may mitigate cancer-related side effects.

          The details:

          Good news! Even the experts at the National Institutes of Health believe they have enough evidence to say that cannabinoids may mitigate cancer-related side effects.

          This evidence covers cannabinoids in general, not CBD specifically, and it certainly doesn’t include the kind of CBD oil you might buy at the store. In fact, CBD alone may inhibit some of the enzymes that metabolize anticancer therapies and actually decrease their effectiveness.

          The evidence does cover the cannabinoids dronabinol and nabilone. These compounds have been found effective at decreasing nausea and vomiting induced by chemotherapy and have even been approved by the FDA for this purpose.

          • Shop CBD good [Jump to CBD food section]

          CBD Oil for ADHD

          The takeaway:

          Only anecdotal claims, and no scientific evidence, suggest CBD may be used to treat the symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) / Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD).

          The details:

          Some people have reported that CBD helps their ADHD or ADD, but physicians and researchers say there is no scientific evidence to support a positive correlation between CBD and ADHD or ADD.

          In CBD Oil for ADHD? New Research On This Popular Natural Treatment , ADDitude quoted a variety of experts. Here’s the gist of what they have to say:

          • Zero evidence (published data or clinical trial results) provide evidence that CBD should be used to treat ADHD.
          • Zero evidence suggests it would even be safe to use CBD to treat ADHD.
          • No literature suggests what CBD dosage would even be appropriate for treating ADHD.
          • While many people say CBD has helped with their ADHD, hearsay has never been a sound basis for medical recommendations.
          • Shop CBD gum [Jump to CBD gum section]

          CBD Oil for Seizures

          The takeaway:

          Experts have studied CBD’s impact on seizures for years, and a diverse portfolio of evidence—including laboratory reports, subject reports, and clinical trials—demonstrate that CBD can control seizures.

          The details:

          Of all the ailments people hope CBD might help, seizures are one of the most studied. Even better, the evidence gleaned from these studies is compelling.

          Most experts agree that the evidence is strong enough to say CBD can help control seizures of patients with Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS).

          The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has even approved an oral CBD solution EPIDIOLEX ® for the treatment of seizures.

          • Shop CBD capsules [Jump to CBD capsules section]

          CBD Oil for Diabetes

          The takeaway:

          Some studies suggest CBD may benefit people with diabetes, specifically by targeting the inflammation associated with diabetes.

          The details:

          Experts hope CBD may help pre-diabetes patients because of the compound’s anti-inflammatory effects, which have been demonstrated in studies of rats.

          Inflammation, they explain, often co-manifests with insulin resistance, which can progress into type 2 diabetes. So CBD’s anti-inflammatory effects might be able to halt or slow the progression toward diabetes.

          There’s also evidence that CBD when used with other compounds, might decrease blood sugar and insulin resistance in patients who have already progressed to diabetes. So diabetic patients might be able to take CBD to reduce the symptoms of their disorder.

          • Shop CBD capsules [Jump to CBD capsules section]

          CBD Oil for Autism Spectrum Disorder

          The takeaway:

          Studies of children with autism spectrum disorder show encouraging, but not conclusive, evidence that CBD might alleviate symptoms.

          The details:

          CBD could alleviate the symptoms and effects of autism spectrum disorder.

          A few encouraging studies , all focused on children, suggest CBD might alleviate the following autism spectrum disorder symptoms:

          • Anxiety
          • Aggression
          • Panic
          • Tantrums
          • Self-injurious behavior
          • Anger
          • Hyperactivity

          In addition to alleviating symptoms, CBD may have also helped the studied children communicate and sleep better.

          Better yet, the researchers only observed a few negative side-effects, including sleepiness and appetite changes.

          While more research needs to be done before we can get truly excited, we can definitely call the observations made so far “encouraging.”

          • Shop CBD gummies [Jump to CBD gummies section]

          CBD Oil for Weight Loss

          The takeaway:

          Some evidence suggests CBD might help with weight loss, but we need to do more research.

          The details:

          This Medical News Today article covers the evidence we do have to support that CBD may help weight loss. Here are some of the key things we know so far about this correlation:

          • CBD may encourage molecules in the body to block off receptors associated with appetite, receptors that obese people typically have more of.
          • CBD may help your body convert the most dangerous fat cells into healthier fat cells.
          • CBD might help your body burn fat.

          All this evidence comes from limited studies or user-reports, so it’s definitely not time to call CBD a weight-loss miracle cure. CBD will affect everyone differently; some people find that it makes them hungrier.

          • Shop CBD supplements [Jump to CBD supplements section]

          CBD for Inflammation

          The takeaway:

          Inflammation could be the second most studied CBD benefit, coming in behind seizures. And guess what? The evidence we have so far suggests CBD does reduce inflammation.

          The details:

          According to one study published in Future Medical Chemistry , the anti-inflammatory effects of CBD have been observed both in test tubes and in living subjects. All results suggest CBD has the ability to regulate the immune system and ultimately reduce the body’s inflammatory response to foreign invaders.

          CBD has been shown to inhibit different inflammatory pathways in different diseases, including those associated with autoimmune disorders:

          • Multiple sclerosis
          • Rheumatoid arthritis
          • Colitis
          • Hepatitis

          As chronic inflammation is associated with the development of some cancers, CBD’s anti-inflammatory effects lead researchers to believe the compound could help slow down tumor growth.

          • Shop CBD supplements [Jump to CBD supplements section]

          CBD Dosage for Inflammation

          The takeaway:

          As the FDA does not regulate the sale of CBD, experts have recognized the need to conduct controlled trials that may lead to standardized dosage recommendations.

          The details:

          Studies on CBD dosage produce results that are as varied as individual study subjects. Experts can only hope to isolate trends they may build on to get to standardized recommendations.

          Current studies suggest transmucosal dosage forms might achieve the best CBD effects. These dosage forms include any administration where the drug is delivered through a mucous membrane. These forms include:

          • Nasal sprays
          • Eye drops
          • Below-the-tongue tinctures

          These dosage forms prove most effective as they avoid the absorption limitations that spring up when users must metabolize something to absorb their CBD.

          Dosage delivery via nanotechnology shows promise for future applications.

          CBD Oil for Arthritis

          The takeaway:

          There’s promising, but not conclusive, evidence that CBD can alleviate the pain of arthritis.

          The details:

          CBD’s theoretical potential for arthritis goes back to its anti-inflammatory properties.

          Rheumatoid arthritis patients experience a lot of inflammation as their immune system essentially attacks the body.

          If CBD can regulate the immune system and limit the inflammatory response, then patients who use CBD may feel less pain in their joints.

          While no scientific evidence has shown these effects will actually happen, the basis for optimism is solid.

          One trial did show that a combination of CBD and THC in an oral spray relieved arthritis pain, but it’s hard to say which compound achieved which effects.

          • Shop CBD oils [Jump to most potent CBD section]

          CBD Oil for Fibromyalgia

          The takeaway:

          While little evidence currently supports that CBD may benefit fibromyalgia patients, there are a few compelling reasons to get excited about the possibilities.

          The details:

          So in the face of little scientific evidence, why do some people feel optimistic that CBD can make a viable fibromyalgia treatment ?

          Here are some reasons to hope:

          • CBD’s anti-inflammatory effects could reduce the pain of fibromyalgia.
          • CBD might inhibit the activity of brain cells that lead to sensitivity in the central nervous system and ultimately pain.
          • CBD could help with migraines and irritable bowel syndrome often associated with fibromyalgia.
          • Many people with fibromyalgia have reported they believe CBD relieved their symptoms.
          • Shop CBD oils [Jump to most potent CBD section]

          CBD Product Guide

          Best CBD Oil

          The takeaway:

          Not all CBD oils are created equally. Smart shopping strategies and a list of trusted brands will help you get the best possible product.

          The details:

          We used the information in this Healthy Moms Healthy Babies (HMHB) post to pull out tips for finding the best of the best CBD oil.

          • Check hemp sources and favor locally sourced brands with lab reports.
            • Hemp absorbs more from the soil than many other crops. So if there are contaminants or metals in your hemp’s soil, then you could be consuming dangerous substances along with your CBD product.

            Here are some of the brands HMHB has vetted for hemp sources, purity, and overall quality:

            Pure CBD Oil

            The takeaway:

            Pure CBD oil contains no additives or chemicals.

            The details:

            What is pure CBD oil, you ask? It’s CBD oil without any additives or chemicals or other ingredients that could affect the delivery of CBD into your body.

            How do you know if you’re getting truly pure CBD oil? You guessed it! You check the third-party lab report and certificate of analysis (COA) that come along with your product. If the product doesn’t include this, then it’s probably not a good sign for the CBD’s purity.

            Check out this CBDfx guide to reading lab reports to start analyzing your products like a professional.

            Full-Spectrum CBD Oil

            The takeaway:

            Full-spectrum CBD oils will include the full spectrum of cannabinoids available in cannabis plants. People often compare full-spectrum oils with CBD isolate, which as the name suggests, contains CBD isolated from other cannabinoids.

            The details:

            Since CBD oil includes the full spectrum of cannabinoids, it can produce what experts call an “entourage effect,” where multiple compounds work together to create more intense and possibly more beneficial effects than each compound could have individually.

            According to the Street , benefits of full-spectrum CBD oil include:

            • It has longer-lasting effects
            • It’s usually natural, without pesticides or chemicals
            • It’s usually more potent, as it includes a full range of cannabinoids

            Organic CBD Oil

            The takeaway:

            Organic in terms of CBD oil means the same thing it means in terms of other crops. To qualify as organic , the product must not have been grown or produced with:

            • Genetically modified organisms (GMOs)
            • Pesticides
            • Synthetic fertilizers
            • Sewage sludge
            • Ionizing radiation

            The details:

            Organic CBD oils are especially popular with people hoping to get creative in the kitchen with their CBD .

            According to Plant People , many consumers choose organic CBD oil to:

            • Avoid pesticides, which could trigger allergies and may be bad for the environment
            • Avoid potentially toxic chemicals and additives

            Organic CBD oils accommodate users who typically purchase organic products. Why should their CBD be any different?

            Most Potent CBD Oil

            The takeaway:

            The most potent CBD oils, in terms of price per milligram (mg) of CBD, cost about $0.04 per mg.

            The details:

            According to Herbonaut, CBD is more potent when taken together with other hemp-derived compounds. We pulled out the most potent CBD oils per price from some of Rave Review’s picks for the best CBD oils.

            $0.04 per milligram CBD oils:

            $0.05 per milligram CBD oils:

            $0.07 per milligram CBD oils:

            $0.08 per milligram CBD oils:

            $0.09 per milligram CBD oils:

            $0.10 per milligram CBD oils:

            Where to Buy CBD Oil

            The takeaway:

            The websites of trusted brands may be the best places to find CBD oil. On these websites, you can read third-party lab reports and all the key product details in the privacy of your own home.

            Online shopping for CBD makes doing your research easy!

            The details:

            Get started on the CBD product websites featured on Huffpost’s list of best CBD products of 2019. These brands offer a range of products and forms of CBD.

            CBD Oil Prices

            The takeaway:

            CBD oil prices range from alarmingly low to incredibly high. Experts recommend looking at the following factors to determine if you’re paying a fair price:

            • Farming practices
            • Labor breakdowns
            • Marketing, including websites, packaging, and labels
            • Testing, preferably completed by a third-party laboratory
            • Potency, or CBD per dollar
            • Brand’s shipping and distribution footprint

            The details:

            Here’s more information on each of the factors you should consider when deciding how much to pay for CBD:

            Remember that creating a quality product can be expensive, so don’t always opt for the most budget-friendly product. It could be less of a bargain if you’re not getting the CBD purity you want.

            • Farming practices. High-quality products grown locally and organically will likely cost more than some imported products.
            • Marketing, including websites, packaging, and labels. Especially compare these factors to farming and testing practices. Is the company sinking all its money into fancy packaging and neglecting to pay for organic farming techniques and proper testing?
            • Testing, preferably completed by a third-party laboratory. Certificates of analysis from these labs are crucial to determining CBD quality, and laboratories don’t typically test for free.
            • Potency, or CBD per dollar
            • Brand’s shipping and distribution footprint . A high-quality product that only ships locally may be able to charge less than a product of similar quality that has a wider shipping range.

            CBD Edibles

            CBD Gummies

            The roundup:

            Here’s a selection of the most-loved CBD gummies out there:

            CBD Water

            The takeaway:

            By the time you drink your CBD water, it may have already lost its CBD content, especially if it comes in a clear bottle.

            The details:

            According to this Forbes post, low levels of CBD are usually rendered ineffective and destabilized when exposed to light. As CBD water typically comes in clear bottles that receive a lot of light exposure, the CBD it contains may have been reduced to nearly nothing by the time you purchase it or maybe by the time it reaches the store.

            A CBD water sold in dark, opaque bottles may be legit. See if the product description explains how the water was created and packaged to maintain CBD integrity.

            SnackNation Recommends:

            CBD Candy

            The takeaway:

            CBD candy is growing in popularity because it’s a discreet and incredibly enjoyable way to consume CBD.

            The details:

            PureKana , who makes their own CBD candies, touts the following advantages of CBD candy:

            • Candy’s sweet flavors mask the sometimes disagreeable flavor of CBD oil.
            • Candy is discreet; you can easily pop some in your mouth without revealing that you’re taking anything other than sugar.
            • Candy is easy. You just eat it. You don’t have to worry about holding a product under your tongue for a specified amount of time.
            • Candy is easy to tote around with you everywhere.

            SnackNation Recommends:

            CBD Syrup

            The takeaway:

            CBD syrup makes a mild, flavorful alternative to CBD oil.

            The details:

            Never tried CBD syrup? No problem! It’s easy to add to water, beverages, teas, fruit, and anything else you want to put a CBD drizzle on. Plus, CBD syrups taste amazing!

            CBD syrup is more of a culinary product than CBD oil. The syrups come infused with CBD and usually have their own unique flavor profile that might be as attractive to you as the CBD content.

            A versatile CBD product, CBD syrups enable a lot of culinary experimentation. Some people have made delightful pancakes with CBD syrup, crafted flavorful cocktails, and concocted frozen CBD pops.

            If CBD syrup sounds like something you might be interested in, then check out CBDBreaker’s roundup of the best CBD syrups.

            SnackNation Recommends:

            CBD Chocolate

            The takeaway:

            Chocolate lovers might find happiness in CBD chocolates.

            The details:

            If you like chocolate alone, then you’ll love the euphoric combination of CBD and chocolate.

            Chocolate by itself has been known to make people feel euphoric. CBD alone makes some people feel happy and relaxed. Combine chocolate and CBD for a delicious treat that comes along with a dose of bliss. Talk about a satisfying dessert!

            CBD chocolates accommodate a range of chocolate lovers, from those who love the darkest of the dark to those who like novelty flavors, like peanut butter and jelly.

            The foodies at BonAppetit have a list of their CBD chocolate picks if you’re interested in trying a rich CBD dessert.

            SnackNation Recommends:

            CBD Gum

            The takeaway:

            It may be counterintuitive to think CBD chewing gum could be effective since you don’t swallow the gum, but if the product is manufactured correctly, it can be more effective than some products you consume .

            The details:

            In CBD Chewing Gum: Practical or Total Gimmick? , the experts at Marijuana Break explain how CBD gum could be more effective than edibles.

            Any CBD product you consume has to move through your digestive system before it hits your bloodstream. (This is when you’ll feel the effects of the CBD.)

            Your body will metabolize a bit of the CBD as it makes its way through your system. You will not absorb or feel the effects of the metabolized portion; you’ll only feel the effects of the CBD that makes it to your bloodstream.

            If you take your time in swallowing your saliva as you chew, then the CBD will get to your bloodstream through the sublingual (below-the-tongue) pathway, and you’ll feel its effects more powerfully.

            SnackNation Recommends:

            CBD Honey

            The takeaway:

            CBD honey makes another sweet alternative to CBD oils.

            The details:

            Honey alone, especially raw, organic honey, provides a wealth of health benefits thanks to its natural enzymes and antioxidants.

            Combining honey with CBD might be a healthy, bliss-inducing way to consume the compound.

            Here are some reasons, according to Popsugar , that more people are turning to CBD honey to get a CBD fix.

            • It’s delicious. Almost no strange flavors from CBD oil can cut through the sweetness of honey.
            • It’s versatile. You can add it to hot beverages, eat it with food, enjoy it by the spoonful, and more. Basically, you can consume CBD honey in all the same ways you consume regular honey.
            • It’s a good alternative to refined sugars, and the CBD is an added benefit.

            SnackNation Recommends:

            CBD Food

            The takeaway:

            If you want to feel any CBD effects with your CBD food, then be sure to check the dosage.

            The details:

            One Atlantic contributor explains that it’s hard to get a CBD buzz from food because many of the products just don’t contain enough CBD.

            CBD is trendy, and production is thriving. However, some manufacturers add just enough CBD to their products so they can call them CBD products, but the items contain as little as 2 mg of CBD, which is probably not enough CBD to produce any effects.

            So read the labels, and if you really want to get the benefits from CBD, then maybe try a different type of product.

            SnackNation Recommends:

            CBD Vape Oil and CBD Vape Juice

            Vape oil and vape juice differ in a few key ways . Vape oils usually have a viscosity similar to a culinary oil. Vape juices will usually be much more liquidy than vape oils.

            Each product should only be used in an appropriately designed vaporizer.

            • Vape oils may be used with oil vaporizers. These vaporizers container metal plates designed to heat the oil.
            • Vape juices may be used with e-liquid vaporizers. These vaporizers have coils and wicks, but no plates.

            CBD Vape Juice

            The takeaway:

            Know what you’re looking for when shopping for vape juice. In the absence of federal regulations, it’s up to consumers to set their own standards and hold brands to them.

            The details:

            The experts at Leafly have some advice for consumers to take into account when shopping for CBD vape juice. Here’s the quick take on what you should favor when vape shopping:

            • Oils and juices that appear the same throughout, without separation or color mixing
            • Clear oils and juices
            • Oils and juices that come along with lab test results
            • Oils and juices that include CBD from local, organic, and responsible sources

            SnackNation Recommends:

            CBD Vape Oil

            The takeaway:

            Many aspects of CBD vaping aren’t intuitive. Do your research to make sure you’re vaping correctly.

            The details:

            Here are some vaping tips from the experts at Vaping 360 .

            • Know your vaporizer and the kinds of oils and products it can accommodate.
            • Start slowly and wait for the effects to kick in before you vape more.
            • Make sure brands you buy have lab reports to confirm a lack of contaminants, including THC (if you’re trying to avoid that).
            • Find an appropriate starting dose for your body weight.

            Vaping 360 Recommends:

            CBD Oil Vape

            The takeaway:

            Read labels carefully to make sure the CBD oil you are interested in is suitable for vaping. Many CBD oils are designed for oral consumption and should never be used in vaporizing devices.

            The details:

            Consider if you really want to vape CBD oil or if you’re looking for CBD vape juice.

            According to Vaping360 , many people casually say vaping “CBD oil” when they really mean “CBD vape juice.” These vaping experts recommend watching for the following keywords when looking for products that allow you to safely vaporize CBD oil:

            • CBD oil vape pens
            • CBD oil cartridges
            • CBD oil pods

            Don’t try to use CBD oil that was made for oral consumption in your vaporizer. This could damage your health and your vaporizing device.

            SnackNation Recommends:

            CBD Oil Vape Pen Starter Kit

            The takeaway:

            Discreet and sometimes disposable, vape pens provide an excellent way to try vaping CBD.

            The details:

            Vape pens: You can put them in your pocket, they don’t take up much room, and they usually require less upfront investment and knowledge that other forms of CBD, so they’re perfect for people who just want to try out vaping CBD.

            Several companies have even designed starter kits to make your CBD vaping experiments as easy as possible.

            You can choose from refillable pens and disposable pens.

            • Disposable pens are ideal for people who think they may just want to experiment once.
            • Refillable pens are best for people who know they might want to vape repeatedly.

            Vape360 Recommends:

            CBD Vape Additive

            The takeaway:

            CBD vape additives, often called e-liquids or e-juices on online stores, pair with CBD vape juices to enhance the flavors and effects of the vaping experience.

            The details:

            E-liquids and e-juices may or may not contain any of their own CBD.

            These additives are best for experienced “vapers” who know how their devices work, what products work in their devices, and what they want to achieve.

            SnackNation Recommends:

            This collection of vape additives has something for everyone. Here’s a shortlist of the selections:

            Other CBD Products

            CBD Isolate

            The takeaway:

            Products labeled CBD isolates contain only the CBD from the cannabis plant. They do not contain other cannabinoids as full-spectrum CBD oils do.

            The details:

            According to Pure Kana , these are the key reasons someone might want to choose CBD isolate over full-spectrum CBD oil:

            • CBD isolate is CBD in its purest form
            • CBD isolate comes along with no risk of consuming THC, so it’s a good option for people with THC sensitivities or those worried about drug testing
            • CBD isolate has no flavor, so it’s good for people who want to cook with CBD or just hate the taste of some CBD oils

            SnackNation Recommends:

            CBD Capsules

            The takeaway:

            CBD capsules provide an easy and fuss-free way to try CBD. They leave little chance of user error.

            The details:

            Some forms of CBD require users to measure out dosages or keep oils under their tongue for a satisfactory length of time. CBD capsules avoid all that. You just pop one in your mouth, and that’s it.

            Many CBD capsules enter supplement territory as they might contain other beneficial botanicals or fatty acids.

            For example, Charlotte’s Web makes a CBD capsule that includes phytocannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and essential fatty acids.

            CBD capsules are perfect for busy, on-the-go people who just want to get a little dose of CBD and then be on their way. They don’t want consuming CBD to be an “experience.”

            SnackNation Recommends:

            • Charlotte’s Web CBD Capsules
            • Veritas Farms CBD Capsules

            CBD Lotion

            The takeaway:

            CBD lotions and body products probably won’t give you a CBD buzz, but the compound’s anti-inflammatory properties and antioxidants might give you glowing skin.

            The details:

            We’ve already discussed CBD’s anti-inflammatory properties. These properties are the same reason CBD might benefit your skin in lotion form. You just apply a topical lotion to an inflamed area and observe the effects.

            Some reports even suggest CBD could slow the production of oil, a compelling prospect if you have blemish-prone skin. While we are still learning more about the benefits of CBD to your skin, these positive reports show clear signs that it should be considered in your guide to healthy skin.

            If lotions and beauty products interest you, then check out this CBD product roundup from the lifestyle aficionados at Allure.

            SnackNation Recommends:

            CBD Patches

            The takeaway:

            CBD patches are designed to provide pain relief on a specific area of your body.

            The details:

            Some people seem to love their topical patches . The transdermal patches deliver CBD through the skin, so the effects should manifest quickly.

            This might sound strange, but if heat patches and topical cooling creams relieve pain, then why not CBD patches?

            SnackNation Recommends:

            • Trio Hemp Oil Topical Pain Patch (Hemp Only; no CBD)
                • What reviewers say: Effective in relieving painful shoulder tension
                  • What reviewers say: Effective at managing pain

                  CBD Seeds

                  The takeaway:

                  Hemp seeds make an effective way to grow hemp crops that will eventually produce CBD, but you have to really know how to plant the seeds.

                  The details:

                  Expert farmers in this Ag Professional article provide just a glimpse of how complicated growing hemp can be. Just some of the factors you would need to consider include:

                  • Planting seeds at the right depth
                  • Planting seeds at the right soil and surface area density
                  • Getting the timing right

                  The moral: Large-scale hemp farming is probably not accessible for people with no existing planting experience. Casual hemp growers can see this Morning Chores post on hemp growing to get an idea of how complicated growing hemp can be, even on a small scale.

                  CBD Transdermal

                  The takeaway:

                  A transdermal application of CBD simply means you absorb the compound through your skin.

                  The details:

                  Taking CBD through the skin might seem weird, but it actually has a variety of benefits as demonstrated by this study originally published in the European Journal of Pain .

                  Here’s a selection of noted benefits:

                  • Avoids degradation of CBD through metabolism (When you eat CBD, you have to metabolize it before it hits your bloodstream, and that process can reduce the potency.)
                  • Reduces inflammation in applied areas
                  • Reduces symptoms of pain
                  • Comes along with few observed side effects

                  Taken together, the main revelations of this study suggest transdermal CBD might help alleviate pain from arthritis and other conditions.

                  SnackNation Recommends:

                  CBD Spray

                  The takeaway:

                  CBD sprays typically deliver low doses of CBD that are ideal for beginners.

                  The details:

                  Ideal for beginners and casual CBD users, CBD sprays deliver low doses through a mechanistic spray function that controls the amount of liquid you get with each spray. (Users don’t have to measure or pour anything.)

                  Reminiscent of Binaca breath freshening sprays, CBD sprays are fast and discreet. One quick pump is all you need, so you can get your CBD fix while keeping your habit on the down-low if that’s a concern to you.

                  CBD sprays come in flavored and unflavored versions to suit a variety of tastes. Plus, it’s easy to add to your dosage. Just count your sprays and continue until you achieve the effects you want.

                  SnackNation Recommends:

                  CBD Supplement

                  The takeaway:

                  CBD supplements may help you build on CBD’s effects to achieve other benefits.

                  The details:

                  CBD supplements, like this one from Plant People , usually combine CBD with other healthy natural ingredients to build on and maximize the benefits of CBD.

                  • This Stay Sharp supplement features herbal nootropics and adaptogens, and as the product’s name suggests, all the ingredients work together to help your brain achieve optimal function.
                    • Ingredients include bacopa monerri leaf extract and cordyceps extract.
                    • Ingredients include ashwagandha and Schisandra berry.

                    The capsules are also easy to transport, so you can take them with you everywhere.

                    SnackNation Recommends:

                    CBD Ointment

                    The takeaway:

                    CBD ointments make good options for people looking for pain relief in specific areas.

                    The details:

                    CBD ointments, like patches and other transdermal products, enter your body through the skin. They don’t risk the degradation or variation of CBD content that comes along with CBD edibles.

                    Ointments deliver CBD and its anti-inflammatory properties straight to the source of pain to achieve, with hope, fast and effective relief.

                    Tuck.com selected a roundup of their favorite CBD ointments and salves. Here are the brands featured:

                    Most CBD ointments will also contain other natural ingredients that provide even more benefits.

                    All in all, CBD ointments make a delightful and less invasive alternative to unhealthy pain killers.

                    SnackNation Recommends:

                    CBD Massage Oil

                    The takeaway:

                    The ultimate relaxing activity (message) meets the ultimate relaxing compound (CBD).

                    The details:

                    We all know massages can relax the mind and ease sore and tight muscles, so what happens when we add CBD to the mix?

                    The expert quoted in this Well + Good article explains why people might feel enhanced effects. CBD’s topical anti-inflammatory characteristics travel through the skin. When applied onto skin and muscles that have already been worked into relaxation by massage, CBD can turn up the volume on the benefits and sensations.

                    Also, since topical CBD affects only a single area, people probably won’t experience as much of the drowsiness, hunger, or sleepiness some feel when taking oral versions. (We wouldn’t want people falling asleep on their massage tables, after all.)

                    SnackNation Recommends:

                    CBD Oil Drops

                    The takeaway:

                    You can call any CBD oil that comes with a dropper “CBD oil drops.”

                    The details:

                    CBD oil drops aren’t like gumdrops or lemon drops or anything like that. CBD drops just label a method for delivering the dosage to your mouth, one dropper at a time.

                    Droppers make CBD oil dosage easy to measure, so you know how much you’re getting and how much works for you. Most products will list how much of one dropper you should take, full vs. half, etc.

                    Curious about CBD oil drops? Try PlusCBD™ Oil Drops , available in a variety of concentrations and flavors that go perfectly in smoothies and shakes and so much more.

                    SnackNation Recommends:

                    CBD Oil Pills

                    The takeaway:

                    CBD pills, often called CBD capsules, are easy to take and sometimes include other beneficial herbs and compounds.

                    The details:

                    • You get a controlled dosage without measuring and eyeballing. Simply swallow the capsule. You don’t have to worry about measuring into a dropper or following below-the-tongue instructions.
                    • They’re easy to transport.
                    • They’re fast to use.
                    • They’re discreet to pop at any time.
                    • They’re flavorless (ideal for people who gag when they take CBD oil)

                    CBD capsules look and feel a lot like any other multivitamin or supplement, so they’re comforting for people who feel strange about ingesting oils and tinctures.

                    SnackNation Recommends:

                    • Modern Nature Relieved

                    We’d love to hear your thoughts about CBD Oil in the comments below… What has been your experience?

                    Cognitive effects in midlife of long-term cannabis use

                    As of June 2022, 37 US states have passed medical cannabis laws and 19 states have legalized recreational cannabis. Cannabis has proven beneficial for a range of conditions such as childhood seizure disorders, nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite in people with HIV/AIDs.

                    In the meantime, a new generation of cannabis products has exploded onto the scene, driven by marketing that fuels a multibillion-dollar industry. The average content of THC (tetra-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, the psychoactive and potentially addictive chemical in cannabis) in smoked whole-plant products has risen from 1% to 4% in the 1970s to 15% to 30% from today’s cannabis dispensaries. Edibles and vapes may contain even higher concentrations of THC.

                    While public perception that cannabis is a harmless substance is growing, the long-term benefits and risks of cannabis use remain unclear. However, one consistent pattern of research has emerged: heavy long-term cannabis use can impact midlife cognition.

                    New research on cannabis use and cognition in midlife

                    Recent research published in The American Journal of Psychiatry closely followed nearly 1,000 individuals in New Zealand from age 3 to age 45 to understand the impact of cannabis use on brain function. The research team discovered that individuals who used cannabis long-term (for several years or more) and heavily (at least weekly, though a majority in their study used more than four times a week) exhibited impairments across several domains of cognition.

                    Long-term cannabis users’ IQs declined by 5.5 points on average from childhood, and there were deficits in learning and processing speed compared to people that did not use cannabis. The more frequently an individual used cannabis, the greater the resulting cognitive impairment, suggesting a potential causative link.

                    The study also found that people who knew these long-term cannabis users well observed that they had developed memory and attention problems. The above findings persisted even when the study authors controlled for factors such as dependence on other drugs, childhood socioeconomic status, or baseline childhood intelligence.

                    The impact of cannabis on cognitive impairment was greater than that of alcohol or tobacco use. Long-term cannabis users also had smaller hippocampi (the region of the brain responsible for learning and memory). Interestingly, individuals who used cannabis less than once a week with no history of developing dependence did not have cannabis-related cognitive deficits. This suggests there is a range of recreational use that may not lead to long-term cognitive issues.

                    More studies are needed on cannabis use and brain health

                    The new research is just one of several studies suggesting there is a link between long-term heavy cannabis use and cognition. Still, future studies are needed to establish causation and explore how long-term cannabis use might impact the risk of developing dementia, since midlife cognitive impairment is associated with higher rates of dementia.

                    What should you do if you experience cognitive effects of cannabis?

                    Some people who consume cannabis long-term may develop brain fog, lowered motivation, difficulty with learning, or difficulty with attention. Symptoms are typically reversible, though using products with higher THC content may increase risk of developing cognitive symptoms.

                    Consider the following if you are experiencing cannabis-related cognitive symptoms:

                    • Try a slow taper. Gradually decrease the potency (THC content) of cannabis you use or how frequently you use it over several weeks, especially if you have a history of cannabis withdrawal.
                    • Work with your doctor. Be open with your doctor about your cognitive symptoms, as other medical or psychiatric factors may be at play. Your doctor can also help you navigate a cannabis taper safely, and potentially more comfortably, using other supportive means. Unfortunately, most patients are not comfortable talking with their doctors about cannabis use.
                    • Give it time. It may take up to a month before you experience improvements after reducing your dose, as cannabis can remain in the body for two to four weeks.
                    • Try objective cognitive tracking. Using an app or objective test such as the mini-mental status exam to track your brain function may be more accurate than self-observation. Your mental health provider may be able to assist with administering intermittent cognitive assessments.
                    • Consider alternative strategies. Brain function is not static, like eye color or the number of toes on our feet. Aerobic exercise and engaging in mindfulness, meditation, and psychotherapy may improve long-term cognition.

                    Cannabis is an exciting yet controversial topic that has drawn both hype and skepticism. It is important for individuals and healthcare professionals to place emphasis on research studies and not on speculation or personal stories. Emerging studies suggesting the connection between long-term heavy use of cannabis and neurocognition should raise concern for policymakers, providers, and patients.

                    About the Authors

                    Kevin Hill, MD, MHS , Contributor

                    Dr. Kevin Hill is director of addiction psychiatry at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and an associate professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. He earned a master’s in health science at the Robert Wood Johnson … See Full Bio

                    Michael Hsu, MD , Guest Contributor

                    Dr. Michael Hsu is a resident psychiatrist and is currently the chief resident of outpatient psychiatry at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, a teaching hospital of Harvard Medical School. After graduating from the University of Pennsylvania with … See Full Bio


                    As a service to our readers, Harvard Health Publishing provides access to our library of archived content. Please note the date of last review or update on all articles.

                    No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician.

Cbd oil for golfers

CBD products are gaining popularity among golfers everywhere. I had a chance to try a few myself, and here’s what I thought. PLAY YOUR BEST GOLF Our mint flavoured 1000mg CBD oil for the ideal state of relaxed focus. Easy application with each drop delivering 5mg CBD. 60ml Body salve. A highly efficient

My 5 favorite CBD products that you can buy for 30 percent off right now

CBD was removed from the World Anti-Doping Agency’s list of banned substances two years ago, and ever since, it’s fast becoming a secret weapon for so many players on the PGA Tour. For all the questions you were too afraid to ask about CBD, check out our article breaking it all down right here.

I had the opportunity to check out some CBD products myself for the first time thanks to the team over at On The Green CBD, a CBD company which designs products specifically for golfers. These are each of the products I tried, what I thought about them, and a link to buy for each, in case you want to try them for yourself. When you do, make sure to use our exclusive GOLF30 code at checkout for an additional 30 percent off.

My Favorites:

CBD-Infused Hand Sanitizer

Before the coronavirus entered into our public consciousness, I, like most golfers, never bothered keeping hand sanitizer in my golf bag. Now it’s a must, and On The Green’s sanitizing product is my new go-to. It’s small and light enough to keep in your bag at all times, its spray top means its easy to apply in-between shots without worrying about accidentally squeezing gel all over your clothes, it’s offered at an affordable price point, and the 200 mg of cannabinoids within means its one of the few hand sanitizers that’s dual-purpose. A must-have for me.

All of our market picks are independently selected and curated by the editorial team. If you buy a linked product, GOLF.COM may earn a fee. Pricing may vary.


On The Green CBD Hand Sanitizer is a combination of 70% ethyl alcohol infused with 100MG of CBD and 100MG of CBG. The disinfectant properties of alcohol are enhanced by the properties of CBD and CBG, for a product that not only will sanitize your hands from many microorganisms but will also keep your hands moisturized and hydrated.

CBD Sun Block

Like the hand sanitizer, my favorite CBD products from On The Green were the ones that were dual-purpose, and the company’s Sun Block fits that bill perfectly. The product was good in itself: I applied mine before a hot round and unlike other sun blocks, it was nicely sweat-resistant, and I never once had to worry about it dripping away. Compact and convenient enough to take to and from the course, and knowing it contains 250 mgs of pure CBD it’s nice to know I had a sunblock that was working for me in more ways than one.


Our THC free 250 mg SPF-30 Sunblock Lotion is an all natural, reef-friendly, unscented formula featuring PABA-free 90% organic botanical ingredients with 250 mg of pure CBD to enhance the activity of antioxidant enzymes that protect your skin from UV radiation. Safe for sensitive skin, our sunblock lotion is hypoallergenic, highly water and sweat resistant for up to 80 minutes, and safely blocks the sun’s harmful UV rays with non-nano micronized zinc oxide.

(300MG) Vegan Gummies 30 PACK

I was especially excited to try some CBD edibles, and they didn’t disappoint. If I found myself needing to chill slightly during a round, I’d simply pop one or two of these in. They were a far more productive in-round snack than the standard options, and while I was skeptical about whether they would taste good at first, I can attest: These were delicious, and I enjoyed that I had a variety of different flavors to choose from (though strawberry was my favorite).

(300MG) Vegan Gummies 30 PACK

By far the most popular CBD product on the market. On The Green’s Gimme Gummies are fully infused with 100% pure CBD oil. Exploding with natural fruity flavors, our Gimme Gummies pack just the right amount of CBD.

Sleep (500MG) +CBN Terpene Enhanced Broad Spectrum CBD Tincture

Sleep is something easily taken for granted, and many of us don’t think about it enough. Sleep is your time to recover, for your body to heal, and it’s no wonder that if you think back to some of your best rounds ever, a good night’s sleep probably preceded all of them. I got into a routine of dropping-in a few drops every night before bed, and found my sleeping steadily improved.


Our 500mg +CBN Broad Spectrum Sleep Tincture is an essential addition to your nighttime routine for improved evening relaxation. CBN (Cannabinol) is a cannabinoid that can promote a deeper, more restful sleep so you wake up feeling refreshed and recharged. Our Sleep Tincture is also Enhanced with Indica strain derived terpenes such as Linalool, Myrcene and a-Pinene – to name a few to enhance the relaxing, sedative effects. All our tinctures are triple lab tested for purity and potency.

(350MG) Relief Cooling Gel

On the whole, I’ve been pretty lucky with injuries, but even so, I’ll get a little bit of pain in my lower back on occasion. Usually it’s from a long round carrying my bag, or following an extra-long practice putting session, but regardless, I enjoyed resting up with some cooling gel after it all. The gel sort of tingles at first, and the roll-on application makes it easy to apply.

(350MG) Relief Cooling Gel

Alleviate pre- and post-round aches and pains with our powerful Relief Cooling Gel. Combining botanical, fast-acting cooling therapy with 350 mg of our pure CBD oil, our convenient roll-on applicator delivers serious pain relief for golfers and any active lifestyle.

Honorable Mentions:


The newest essential item in your golf bag is our FOCUS Terpene Enhanced Broad Spectrum CBD Hemp Oil. An energizing terpene blend of limonene, beta caryophyllene, and humulene – to name a few – are all formulated together to help increase your focus throughout your round. Offered in multiple strengths, FOCUS ensures that you can find the right formulation for your needs. Settle into your swing with FOCUS.


Our Arnica + Turmeric Relief Cream is enhanced with 300mg of Broad Spectrum CBD oil and contains potent anti-inflammatory properties to aid in pre- and post-round pain relief. Formulated with soothing aloe vera and shea butter to help nourish and hydrate your skin following exposure to the rigors of the outdoor elements. Whether it’s common aches and pains, our Arnica + Turmeric Relief Cream penetrates deep to promote healing and recovery for both skin and body.


Created with post-round wear and tear in mind, our RECOVERY Terpene Enhanced Broad Spectrum CBD Hemp Oil utilizes numerous terpenes, including Myrcene, Beta Caryophyllene, and Alpha Pinene to alleviate fatigue. RECOVERY works to leave you feeling rejuvenated for the next 18 holes. Soothe your body with RECOVERY.


Our Broad Spectrum Distillate Soft Gel capsules are the most convenient way to get your daily CBD serving. Our 25mg capsules use the same high quality terpene enhanced CBD as the tinctures, and are perfect for on-the-go use.

Each product we feature has been independently selected by GOLF.com ’s editorial team. If you make a purchase using the links included, we may earn a small commission.


Our mint flavoured 1000mg CBD oil for the ideal state of relaxed focus. Easy application with each drop delivering 5mg CBD.

60ml Body salve. A highly efficient anti-inflammatory to ease aches and pains or assist recovery after your round. 400mg CBD

Our fruit flavoured jelly domes are vegan friendly and a great way to top up during your round. 20mg CBD per sweet

What our Tour Professionals are saying…

“So much of golf is between the ears and it doesn’t matter what level you are playing at. You could be feeling nervous in your monthly medal or you have a putt to break 90 for the first time. I think this can definitely help.”

Catriona Matthew OBE
Ladies Open Winner and Solheim Cup Captain 2019 & 2021

“I’m delighted to work with Golfers CBD in an advisory role, exciting times ahead as we strive to make golf a more enjoyable experience for players of all levels”

Daniel Gaunt
European Tour 2011-2017

I have had a range of minor and chronic ailments but in a short space of time using Golfer’s CBD I have noticed some real improvements. My anxiety levels have decreased and my sleep has also improved

Where to buy cbd oil for dogs with arthritis

Best CBD Oil for Dogs with Arthritis Arthtitis isn’t fun for your furbaby or you. Thankfully these CBD oils for dogs with arthritis can provide some relief. CBD oil for senior and disabled pets may improve arthritis and overall pet health. CBD helps with pain management and improves mobility.

Best CBD Oil for Dogs with Arthritis

Arthritis is one of the most common issues amongst older and larger dogs.

As their joint cartilage deteriorates, it becomes harder and harder to walk. The inflammation caused by arthritis is incredibly painful for dogs, and can lead to a debilitating life. However, early research has shown that CBD’s anti-inflammatory properties could actually help tremendously.

As CBD is an over the counter supplement, it’s not only easy to obtain but also much less toxic than many other solutions. even some that are prescribed by a veterinarian. To help you understand what type of CBD oils you should consider for your dog with arthritis, we compiled a buyer’s guide as well as our top three recommendations. Check them both out below:

The Best CBD Oils or Dogs – Top Brands

1. Penguin: Best Overall

4. Petly CBD : Best Newcomer

5. HolistaPet : Highest Quality CBD

What We Look For In Quality

When creating this list, we took into consideration why people were giving their dog CBD oil for arthritis, as well as what stood out about the top products in the industry. This wasn’t just about designing items that hosted CBD, but other ingredients to help enhance the treatment process as well. Furthermore, we also put under scrutiny the sourcing, manufacturing, and customer experience. Here’s what we came up with:

Hemp Source

The hemp source is the primary driver of a CBD oil’s value. If you’re not familiar, CBD comes from the hemp plant, which is a part of the cannabis family. After the passing of the 2018 Farm Bill, industrial hemp became legal for the first time in practically a century. As the Cannabis family also hosts marijuana, for hemp to be federally legal, it has to contain less than 0.3% THC (the psychoactive ingredient that gets you ‘high’).

Although a different plant than marijuana, hemp is grown similarly. For this reason, we not only look at sources of CBD who have been in the cannabis growing industry in general but also those who have maintained sustainable farming practices. This includes following regulation as well as ensuring there’s no pesticides or excess chemicals used. As the hemp eventually ends up in your dog’s body, sourcing from those who take an all natural approach is vital to both your pet’s health and CBD experience.

Extraction Methods

CBD oil is extracted using a number of different methods, but the most popular is CO2. As a cost effective but clean process, it leaves a great yield while preserving the original integrity of the plant.

With CO2 extraction, a compressed liquid carbon dioxide is used to pull the CBD compounds from the plant. The CO2 then evaporates, which leaves behind the clean oil.

Brands that use CO2 extraction should be of note because it’s practically industry standard, as well as creates a safer product.

Extract Types

When buying CBD oil, there are three primary types of extracts:


Full-Spectrum oils are the least processed of the three and contain the most complete range of cannabinoids (and other plant products). Although they contain THC, it’s often less than the 0.3% federal guideline. As full spectrum oils contain the other plant products, they give off what’s called an “entourage effect”, where users report an enhanced experience compared to other extracts. Many believe this to be similar for their dogs, where they also get a heightened effect.


Broad spectrum oils provide a happy medium. Processed slightly more than full spectrum, they still contain many of the original cannabinoids from the plant, however, often seeks to remove all THC.


Finally, isolate is the purest form of CBD, having gone through the process of removing all the other cannabinoids. This leaves behind only the CBD, which while not containing the other components of the plant (and thus not hosting the entourage effect), it does leave what you’d expect only out of CBD. Some dog owners love this since it’s easier to start out with.


A CBD’s potency is measured in milligrams (mg). This usually is the standard for dosing a product per its volume, which includes not only oils but edibles and other items as well.

Potency is important to measure because it also gives you the most accurate eyeball test on if a CBD is worth your money or not. For your dog with arthritis, potency plays a much more significant role when it comes to their breed and size, which will determine how much you should give to them.

Lab Results

Lab results are commonplace in the CBD industry, often as an update every few months. These are almost always found on their website, which verifies how much CBD is in the container as well as if their product is worth taking. Any company that doesn’t provide lab results probably isn’t worth your time.

Size Variations

As we mentioned above with dosages, the size of a CBD oil will help determine the potency.

Essentially, a good rule of thumb for the size is to follow how big the dog breed is between small, medium, and large. Sometimes it’s recommended to give your dog a higher dosage depending on their size and current inflammation level.

Overall Effectiveness

Trying the product and assessing if it’s effective is a must. This includes looking at the consistency and if the CBD oil actually encourages relief of inflammation.

Ingredients Quality

Beyond just measuring quality in hemp source, the ingredients list is also a main indicator. In particular, the ingredients should either enhance the CBD experience or be stripped down of only the natural necessities. Any excess filler or materials that act as preservative is something to be weary of, especially with how it doesn’t give you an honest assessment of how the CBD will be.

Brand Reputation/Customer Reviews

A brand’s reputation in the CBD industry is everything. Not only do we interact with these companies ourselves, but we also scour the internet for answers on how their customer service is. By going through Reddit, Twitter, and other online forums, we’re able to decipher who really cares about their customers versus who is faking the funk. Finally, we also cross-reference with other industry experts on their opinion of a company as well.

Brand Transparency

Similar to what we stated about third-party lab testing, brand transparency is vital. Beyond testing, this also includes checking social media to see the types of answers they give customers with concerns or complaints, as well as back check their public relation answers as well.

Customer Service

Customer service is a big part of why we do business with any company. In particular with your dog’s arthritis, seeking out a CBD company that understands the importance of this being an ongoing customer relationship is crucial. As no one wants to leave their precious animal suffering, knowing that the team supplying your CBD oil is on the ball will help you be at peace.

Customer Policies

As CBD is a relatively premium product, knowing that you have options in case you don’t like it is vital. This includes shipping policies as well, as being taxed on top of the CBD you’re buying can feel like a lot. Instead, we find customer policies that are accommodating with building a relationship with a CBD brand.

Price Value

The overall value of the CBD oil you buy will likely be determined by the sourcing, extract type, extra ingredients, and size. All of this together will ultimately be the equation for figuring out pricing value, where a good starting point is the price per MG. From there, look into the extra ingredients as well as quality of the product.

Just because something is expensive doesn’t make it the best in its class as much as something that’s cheap is a throwaway. The focus is on ensuring quality value, which while takes research, is worth the time and effort.

Subscriptions and Reward Programs

As CBD oil is something people repurchase for themselves or their pet often, most companies have a subscription option or rewards program. This is a must have, with savings ranging from 10-25% (sometimes more). The biggest benefit of subscribing is that you not only save money but also can anticipate when your shipment will arrive, which is helpful when portioning out dosages.

Website Experience

Finally, the overall buying experience online needs to be streamlined and succinct. Not only does it need to feel easy to buy on your laptop but tablet and smartphone as well. With most of us hosting an on-the-go lifestyle, a CBD company’s website needs to follow suit. Those that don’t invest in a good website probably aren’t worth your time, as this is also the first tool of customer service.

1. Best Overall: Penguin

Penguin has been on a quest to prove what the best deal in CBD looks like, with their CBD oil for dogs as no exception.

Although they don’t offer a specific CBD oil designed for dogs like Verma, their Natural selection is a particular favorite amongst dog owners, and to be specific, those with arthritis. Touted on forums online as a best of the bunch, don’t sleep on Penguin just because they came in as our number two. as there’s a ton to love about this brand. Let’s go over some of the basics:

Hemp Source

Sourcing their hemp from Oregon, Penguin gets their product from a top-tier supplier that’s been in the industry for quite some time. With zero pesticides used, Penguin also aims to dedicate their practices towards eco-conscious decisions that demonstrate sustainable farming practices. Especially considering they source from a state that’s had relaxed marijuana laws for some time, Penguin certainly has a tried-and-true product that lives up to its word.

Extract Type

For their 250mg-600mg Natural CBD oil, Penguin uses a broad-spectrum oil. Similar to Verma’s, this formula gives off the added benefits of an ‘entourage effect’ for your dog. With a raw approach to extraction, their product is refined and controlled without sacrificing any of the added benefits of CBD for your dog.

Lab Results

Penguin’s lab results are up to date and included on their website. All of the results are also itemized for each product, making it easy to streamline the information you need. For Penguin’s Natural variety, the CBD per unit came out to 272.5mg.

Website Experience

Penguin’s website is relatively easy to use, with it hosting a functional design for mobile, tablet, and desktop. All of the features are easy to navigate and use. Not much issue in this department.

Size Variation

As Penguin doesn’t have a specific dog-centric brand, their Natural variety between 250mg and 600mg is suitable for dogs (particularly midsize to large breeds). Check in with some sizing guides for specific breeds to ensure you’re getting the best results.

Customer Policies

Penguin has a wonderful customer service that enables customers to send back their product regardless of any reason for 30 days. Additionally, their team is prompt and answers to complaints quickly.

Click here to buy Penguin’s CBD oil.

2. Runner Up: Verma Farms

Verma Farms provides one of the best formulas for those who have dogs that suffer from arthritis.

Here’s a breakdown of the criteria we used to decide Verma Farms as #1:

Hemp Source

Verma Farms uses 100% all natural hemp that’s sourced from a network or farms in the United States. These resources make a genuinely better product that is also much more nourishing for your pet as well. As we all want to give our pets what we ourselves deserve, Verma makes no exception.

Extraction Methods

Verma Farms uses a special CO2 extraction method that doesn’t use any solvents or excess chemicals. This creates a cleaner product and better yield for your pet to enjoy.


Verma Farms keeps their ingredient list simple, only including Nano-Emulsified Anhydrous CBD Oil (Aerial Parts), wild salmon oil, MCT oil, probiotics, vitamin D3 and vitamin E. All of these are designed to help improve and enhance your dog’s health while also helping with arthritis, particularly inflammation.

Customer Service and Reviews

One of the biggest parts of Verma Farms is how great of a reputation they’ve formed over the years in the industry. After being lauded by publications like Forbes and Entrepreneur, they’ve consistently been at the top of the conversation. With a prompt customer service team on the ball with any complaint, Verma Farms puts its community first.

Price Value

A 150mg bottle of CBD oil for dogs sells at $39.99, with a 25% discount available for subscribers.

Verma’s 300mg bottle for dogs comes in at $49.99 (also with a 25% subscriber discount available).

Both products are Salmon flavored and include all the extra beneficial ingredients listed above.

A solid deal for the price, you’re getting an overall great value but from them.

Customer Policies

Verma Farms offers customers a 30-day money back guarantee for any unopened products. They additionally offer free shipping to all 50 states, which helps with trying them risk free.

For their subscription pricing, Verma Farms offers 25% off, making them a strong consideration for your go-to rotational CBD oil. An overall strong case to be your number one stop for CBD oil for your dog’s arthritis, there’s a lot to love about Verma’s customer experience.

Overall Effectiveness

Overall, the effectiveness of Verma Farms’ CBD oil for dogs is part of why they help define quality across the industry. In this particular case, dogs are receptive to the Salmon flavor; while the broad spectrum oil combined with other ingredients helps relieve pain and inflammation.

Finally, if you’re still not sold on Verma’s oils, then it’s worth checking out their assortment of treats as well, which also feature the same top notch broad spectrum CBD. Across the board, it’s clear Verma cares quite a bit about the relationship between pets and their owners, which shines through in their products. Made by pet lovers, Verma Farms easily earns #1 on every list they make.

Click here to buy Verma Farm’s CBD Oil for Dogs.

3. Best Overall: Colorado Botanicals

Since 2017, Colorado Botanicals has continued to push the limits of premium CBD oils. Some research suggests CBD may help people with inflammation and pain. CoBo wants your pet also to enjoy these potential benefits, so they created what is arguably the best CBD oil for dogs with arthritis.

Colorado Botanicals Broad-Spectrum CBD Oil for Dogs and Cats may seem like a generic product. However, the care and attention from seed to sale outdoes the competition. From natural sourcing to rigorous quality control, Colorado Botanicals actively works to create the best CBD oil for dogs with arthritis and other conditions.

Hemp Source

Colorado Botanicals sources its extract from expert hemp growers in Colorado. All crops are certified and tested by the Colorado Department of Public Health and Enviorment, ensuring that the hemp is cultivated using approved, safe methods. Colorado Botanicals actively controls the entire farming process, starting with regular soil testing for microbes, fungi, chemicals, and heavy metals. This practice allows Colorado Botanicals to screen its products before reaching the lab testing phase.

Extract Type

To maximize the benefits of their CBD oil for dogs with arthritis, Colorado Botanicals created a broad-spectrum formula. Animals are more sensitive to THC than humans, so avoiding THC is critical for all pets. But while Colorado Botanicals gets rid of this unwanted compound, what sets them apart is how effectively they retain every other beneficial compounds that are other brands are not capable of. Thanks to a proprietary CO2 extraction process, Colorado Botanicals created a technique that retains natural terpenes, flavanoids, and other cannabinoids. This is in sharp contrast to other vendors, who are forced to add botanical terpenes to their final products that don’t produce the same effects.

Lab Results

Soil testing is the only screening process Colorado Botanicals uses. Third-party lab evaluations are standard practice among reputable vendors, so it’s no surprise that Colorado Botanicals makes this a common practice. Each batch undergoes rigorous testing, with precise, detailed results available on the company’s website.

Website Experience

Colorado Botanicals has one of the best websites we’ve seen. The pages are easy to navigate, with a simple design that makes shopping quick and seamless.

Colorado Botanicals currently offers a single 30 ml bottle option containing 750 mg of CBD. According to their product information, the extract is concentrated enough for dogs ranging from five to over 100 pounds. Depending on your dogs weight, you fill up the dropper to the precise dose based on their recommendation.

Customer Policies

Colorado Botanicals reputably offers excellent customer service and the best product guarantee we’ve found. Clients can try Colorado Botanicals CBD for dogs with arthritis backed by a 60-day money-back guarantee on opened or unopened products.

Click here to buy Colorado Botanicals CBD Oil for pets.

4. Best Value: Petly CBD

Petly’s top-tier formula makes them one of the best CBD brands for dogs with arthritis.

Here’s why we love Petly CBD:

Petly CBD’s products are made with broad-spectrum hemp that is grown using 100% organic farming practices. Made with only the best ingredients, Petly’s products are safe, potent, and of the highest quality.

Petly CBD uses a proprietary extraction and solids separation process to extract the CBD, minor cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes. What is left after the extraction process is their clean and potent broad-spectrum formula.

Petly CBD keeps it clean and simple when it comes to their ingredients. Their CBD oil only contains their phytocannabinoid-rich broad-spectrum hemp formula and human grade MCT oil, making their products free from all additives and preservatives.

Customer Service and Reviews

Petly CBD has a fantastic customer service team. They are always quick to respond, and very eager to answer your questions and meet your needs. Although the brand is only about a year old, they have already collected many positive reviews from happy customers.

Petly’s 125mg bottle of CBD oil for dogs sells at $39.99.

Their 250mg CBD oil costs $49.99.

Petly’s 500mg bottle of CBD oil costs $79.99.

Petly’s products are a little bit more on the expensive side, but it is well worth it for their incredible broad-spectrum formula.

Get 15% off your Petly order with code DISCOVER15

Petly CBD has a 30-day money back guarantee. If you and your pet are not 100% satisfied with your products, you can easily contact customer service to return the item and receive a refund. Petly also offers free shipping on orders over $75.

Overall, Petly is unmatched in their effectiveness because of their unique broad-spectrum CBD formula. Petly’s products set the standard for quality and effectiveness in the pet CBD industry.

If you’re looking for CBD products that are not an oil tincture, Petly also has some CBD treats and CBD food toppers. Made with the same broad-spectrum CBD formula, these products are a tasty way for your pet to get their daily dose of CBD.

Click here to buy Petly CBD’s CBD Oil for Dogs.

5. HolistaPet : Highest Quality CBD

HolistaPet incorporates CBD into the broader world of health and wellness. They were founded out of concern for the lack of health-conscious cannabis products on the market. They have since established themselves as a leader in organic, plant-based hemp products. Their support for local farmers and commitment to eco-friendly production methods are particular highlights.

HolistaPet sources their hemp from farms in Oregon and Colorado. Domestically-grown hemp has to pass through rigorous quality testing. This testing ensures a safe and potent crop, supporting local farmers in the process.

HolistaPet uses a clean, eco-friendly CO2 extraction process to derive CBD from hemp flower. They use no solvents, guaranteeing an unsullied extract and a better yield.

“Less is more” sums up HolistaPet’s CBD oil . It contains just two ingredients: CBD extract and hemp seed oil. The hemp seed provides additional nutrients as a rich source of plant-based protein and omega-3 fatty acids.

Customer Service and Reviews

HolistaPet has a formidable reputation in the CBD industry. They have been featured in:

They have also received thousands of five-star reviews across Google Reviews, Amazon, and Trustpilot that speak highly of their CBD oil’s effects. Reviews also highlight their customer service team, citing fast responses and knowledgeable representatives.

HolistaPet offers five strengths of CBD oil for dogs, tying them with Penguin for the broadest selection. HolistaPet stands out for its pricing as well, offering more choices at lower costs than most competitors:

● 150mg bottle of CBD oil from HolistaPet : $25.95

All products come with the option to subscribe and save 25%.

HolistaPet offers free shipping to all 50 states. There is no minimum order required so that you can try any of their products risk-free.

If you aren’t satisfied with your CBD oil, they have a 30-day money-back guarantee with an additional 15-day grace period. You don’t need to return your package unopened. In fact, HolistaPet asks that customers try their products for the full 30 days before requesting a refund.

HolistaPet’s CBD oil has a slew of rave reviews to back up their promise of a premium product. Their founders have a background in the organic food industry, which explains their commitment to sustainable farming practices and clean production methods. They have all their products tested by independent labs to verify potency and purity and make the reports available on their website.

HolistaPet can cater to dogs of all breeds, ages, and sizes by offering a wider variety of strengths than most other CBD brands. Their CBD oil is particularly popular, but they offer a much wider range of CBD products for dogs, including treats and capsules. Their mobility treats, enriched with turmeric and boswellia, specifically target joint pain.

Click here to get the best deal on HolistaPet’s CBD for dogs . (Get 25% OFF when you sign up for Holistapet’s email newsletter)

The Benefits Of CBD Oil For Dogs With Arthritis

CBD oil has been known to host anti-inflammatory properties, which help tremendously with arthritis.

Similar to humans, dogs have an endocannabinoid system which deals with our central nervous system. Essentially, CBD (and it’s cannabinoids) behave with these receptors in the brain, which deal with pain, as well as have been noted to help with cancer, stress, neurological disorders, and anxiety management.

In particular to dogs with arthritis, the anti-inflammatory agents have worked wonders so far. While more studies are being conducted, word-of-mouth has been positive, and the general consensus is that CBD’s benefits outweigh the cons.

How Do I Know If My Dog Has Arthritis?

A common condition for older dogs and large breed, arthritis symptoms are similar to those with humans. This includes:

– Trouble walking, climbing on furniture, or getting up the stairs.

– Trembling or limping when walking.

– Difficulty standing up.

– Discomfort on walks.

– Other signs of general pain (yelping, irritability, etc).

We’ll note that it’s important to speak with a veterinarian about these symptoms before self-diagnosing your dog with arthritis. As there can be a number of different issues, it’s much safer to get a professional opinion to map out a treatment plan. From there, consult with them about taking CBD as well as what dosage might be best for you.

How Should I Administer CBD Oil?

Regardless of the dog, most of them hate having anything dropped into their mouth. For this reason, we recommend putting the CBD oil in their food or a treat. This will help with swallowing, as well as making sure they actually take all of it. Mixing CBD oil won’t dilute or make the effects weaken but rather might have a slower release depending on how quickly they ingest the full dose.

How Do I Dose Out The CBD?

The standard practice for dogs is to give them around 0.25mg of CBD per pound of body weight. Depending on intent and use, your dog might need more. It’s best to start slow and work your way up, ensuring that they have the proper dosage for their needs.

What Happens I Give My Dog Too Much CBD?

While every dog is different, most dogs simply fall asleep or become lethargic if they have too much CBD. Occasionally, symptoms that include diarherra or vomiting may occur, however, those instances are rare.

How Do I Choose The Right CBD?

To review, some key components to buying the right CBD include:

– Seeking out all-natural products, especially organic ingredients.

– Look for companies that grow within the United States.

– Be mindful of what’s being used to enhance the product versus what might just be filler.

– Always see that the company has included a third-party test.

– Read customer reviews and expert opinions.

As finding the perfect CBD oil for you might take some research, it’s also a worthwhile process. Take our guide as an initial foundation, as well as solid recommendations.

One Final Thought – The Best CBD Oil for Dogs With Arthritis

While there are a lot of CBD oil companies out there, the best CBD oil for dogs with arthritis has to be Verma Farms, Penguin, or Evn CBD. These three brands all source from top-tier suppliers, as well as offer the best final product after the extraction process is complete. An overall great group of companies, these three are setting the standard for quality CBD.

If you’re trying to equip yourself with CBDbrand that’s made by dog lovers, for dog lovers, then Verma Farms, Penguin, and Evn CBD are the best to get your dog up and moving again. We highly recommend trying them as a first step towards a happier, more healthy life with your pet.

One last tip. To get the most out of CBD for your pet it needs to be paired with plenty of exercise, good sleep, and a great diet. Great food is not easy to find but can make all the difference in the health of your pet, not to mention the absorption of the CBD. Don’t skimp on the quality, they are part of the family too.

Looking for the best CBD you can find? Check out our awards for the best CBD Gummies , best CBD Oi l, Best CBD Oil For Dogs , and Best CBD Oil for cats .

Best CBD oil for dogs with arthritis

Arthtitis isn’t fun for your furbaby or you. Thankfully these CBD oils for dogs with arthritis can provide some relief.

By Davies Media | Published Aug 12, 2021 5:59 AM

Humans use CBD oil for everything from pain to anxiety to relaxation and beyond. This naturally occurring chemical compound is extracted from industrial hemp, which is a strain of the Cannabis plant, containing 0.3% or less of the psychoactive compound THC.

CBD is used all over the world, and, in fact, has become one of the most popular personal care products on the market today. Experts predict the CBD industry can generate around $20 billion in revenue by 2025, but why all the hype? What good is CBD, and what does it do for pets?

How CBD helps arthritis in dogs

Arthritis is a common medical condition, especially in larger dog breeds. As dogs age, the cartilage between their joints wears away, causing bones to rub against one another and create painful inflammation in the joints. This causes discomfort, reduced mobility, and exhaustion.

CBD interacts directly with the dog’s endocannabinoid system, which helps mitigate pain. CBD itself is a natural painkiller and anti-inflammatory compound; the perfect mix for addressing the painful and often debilitating symptoms of a condition such as arthritis.

Is CBD right for your dog?

Before you start giving your dog CBD, it’s important to discuss the options with your veterinarian to determine if CBD is the right fit. Some pet owners want a natural alternative to painkillers while others want something that addresses all of the symptoms of arthritis instead of just pain or inflammation.

Whatever the case may be, it’s important to consult with your vet and keep them updated on changing doses or brands so they can monitor your dog’s reaction.

Is it dangerous?

So far, no research or anecdotal evidence has shown us any major negative side effects from using CBD products. CBD isn’t dangerous, and side effects include mild inconveniences like drowsiness, diarrhea, and headaches.

1. Verma Farms Salmon-Flavored CBD Oil 300mg


$49.99 per bottle


300mg per bottle/10mg per serving

Why buy?

When it comes to CBD products, Verma Farms takes the cake, so to speak. With 100% organic, USA-grown hemp, no GMOs or artificial ingredients, and a customer care team armed with knowledge and compassion, you just won’t find a better deal in the CBD space.

This delicious, (no, we didn’t try it ourselves, we asked the dogs!) potent, and affordable canine CBD oil offers the savory taste of salmon with the potency of organic hemp extract and the Verma quality promise. Curb your pup’s arthritis symptoms with some of the best CBD in the business without spending a fortune. There’s a reason this one made the top of the list!

2. Penguin Natural Flavor CBD Oil 600mg



600mg per bottle/20mg per serving

Why buy?

Penguin CBD’s natural flavored CBD oil takes the number two spot on our list with flying colors. This 600mg, $75 bottle of high-potency CBD can conquer arthritis and so much more, leaving your pup feeling happy, healthy, and active. Penguin is renowned in publications like Maxim, Healthline, and Rolling Stone for its potency, quality, and transparency.

The blend contains no THC, so you don’t have to worry about your dog becoming intoxicated, but still takes advantage of the full-spectrum of cannabinoids found in Cannabis. Get your bottle today to learn why Penguin is so loved by customers across the country.

3. Evn CBD Natural Flavor CBD Oil 500mg



500mg per bottle/16.6mg per serving

Why buy?

If you were looking for all-natural, affordable, THC-free CBD oil for your dog’s arthritis pain, you’ve found it. Evn CBD is one of the country’s favorite brands, but not because it’s affordable; because it’s incredible. With only natural ingredients, premium hemp, and no THC, this is the perfect option for pets and humans alike.

Every one of Evn CBD’s products is lab-tested to ensure maximum quality, because why pay for anything else? Evn comes with some excellent reviews as well, both from its paying customers and industry critics at Forbes, Discover, and Thrillist.

4. PureKana Bacon Flavor CBD Oil for Pets 500mg



500mg per bottle/10mg per serving

Why buy?

If you can keep your dog away from the bottle long enough, you might manage to get a few drops of this delicious bacon-flavored CBD oil on their food. But dogs love it, and so do we. Why? Because it’s organic, natural, and made by PureKana; one of the best and most well-respected CBD brands in the industry today.

Crush your dog’s arthritis symptoms with 10mg of potent CBD per serving. With 500mg in each bottle and a price tag of just under $50, you can’t beat the quality and consistency this brand has to offer.

5. Charlotte’s Web Full-Spectrum Hemp Extract CBD Oil for Dogs 30mL


$59.99 per bottle


500mg per bottle/17mg per serving

Why buy?

Charlotte’s Web is one of our favorite CBD providers because the brand always brings something new to the table. This chicken-flavored CBD oil for dogs is a perfect example. Where many brands don’t offer any flavors for their pet blends, Charlotte’s Web offers delicious chicken flavor alongside pure, potent CBD for an effect your dog will feel right away.

Conquer those stiff, achy joints with some of the best CBD in the industry.

6. MedTerra Beef Flavor CBD Tincture for Dogs 300mg


$24.99 per bottle


300mg per bottle/10mg per serving

Why buy?

MedTerra is one of the country’s premier CBD brands, with gummies, oils, and plenty of other products for humans and pets alike. This particular pet blend is designed for dogs of every size, featuring 300mg of potent CBD and a delicious beef flavor that even the pickiest doggos simply can’t ignore.

7. CBD Distillery CBD Pet Tincture 150mg


$20 per bottle (normally $30)


150mg per bottle/5mg per serving

Why buy?

CBD Distillery is another one of our preferred CBD brands, simply because of a commitment to quality we think you can appreciate. If you’re looking for something that won’t break the bank and is versatile enough for both large and small dog breeds, this 150mg bottle of premium CBD oil from CBD Distillery is just what you need.

Made with premium CBD extracted from high-quality hemp, this blend offers relief for even the worst arthritis pains in manageable doses. Keep your pup comfortable and happy and your mind at ease with CBD Distillery’s entry in our top ten.

8. HolistaPets Unflavored Full-Spectrum (NO THC) CBD Oil for Pets 300mg


$64.95 per bottle


300mg per bottle/5mg per serving

Why buy?

Sometimes, a more holistic approach is the better approach, especially for ailments like arthritis. Mother Nature offers a full bounty of effective products for treating canine arthritis, and few reach the staggering potential that Holistapet’s unflavored, full-spectrum CBD oil for pets does. With all-natural ingredients, no THC, and a name you can trust, this is the perfect option for doggos who need a little extra relief from their worst symptoms.

9. Holistic Hound Mighty Mojo CBD and Mushroom Oil for Dogs 250mg


$59.97 per bottle


250mg per bottle

Why buy?

Holistic Hound might be a newcomer on our list, but don’t let that fool you. This Mighty Mojo CBD and mushroom extract blend contains only premium, naturally sourced ingredients to support your doggo’s health. Leave arthritis symptoms behind with natural CBD and conquer other health complications with wild mushroom extract in a convenient format.

Each bottle contains 250mg of CBD and mushroom extract for easy dosing, and while the full spectrum of cannabinoids is included in the there is no THC present. Try some today for something a bit different.

10. CBDFx Small Breed CBD Oil Tincture for Dogs 250mg


$29.99 per bottle


250mg per bottle

Why buy?

CBDFx is next with its premium small breed CBD oil tincture. Perfect for pain, inflammation, and other arthritis symptoms, this simple blend combines quality, affordability, and consistency from a brand trusted by critics and customers alike. Every ingredient is organic and non-GMO, so you’re giving your pup only the best in CBD oils.

11. Innovet Pet Organic Full-Spectrum CBD Oil for Dogs 125mg


$21.45 per bottle


125mg per bottle/5mg per serving

Why buy?

Why buy Innovet’s CBD oil for pets? If you’re looking for USDA-certified organic hemp extract, you just can’t do better. With the seal of approval from the USDA, Innovet brings potent, effective CBD oil to pets everywhere with this 125mg bottle. The smaller dose size is perfect for dogs who are new to CBD or for smaller dog breeds with less of a tolerance to cannabinoids.

Get yours today and pay a fraction of the cost of other brands with the same quality. Innovet also sends all of its CBD to a lab for third-party testing, so you know you’re getting only the best product for your money.

CBD Oil for Dogs with Arthritis and Other Mobility Issues

The fastest growing health trend for both humans and pets in 2021 is CBD oil. Perhaps you have seen it on the shelves of your local pet boutique or even at your vet’s office.

If you have a mobility impaired or senior dog struggling with conditions such as arthritis or hip dysplasia, you may be wondering if this is just another passing fad, or if there is any science to support its use. Of course, you want to do all you can for your pet. But you also don’t want to waste your money or risk your beloved pet’s health.

It turns out that CBD oil, also known as cannabidiol or hemp oil, has been extensively researched. This article will give you a basic primer on what CBD oil is, how it works, and what sorts of health benefits it may offer your dog with joint pain, arthritis, chronic inflammation, and other mobility issues.

Our hope is that if your dog has arthritis, hip dysplasia, or another condition that includes chronic pain and inflammation, that you will learn more about how CBD may be a good choice for your canine companion.

All CBD products are not the same. For example, full spectrum CBD oil may offer your dog more relief. If you decide to work with your vet to give it a try, we hope this article will also help you find the best CBD oil for dogs with arthritis and mobility issues.

What is CBD Oil?

CBD oil is derived from a special strain of cannabis known as hemp. You may be thinking: “Wait. I thought marijuana was toxic to dogs.” You are right to have this concern. Strains of cannabis grown for recreational and medical use in humans usually contain high amounts of THC, a psychoactive compound that is toxic to dogs in large doses.

However, hemp is special. This strain of cannabis is regulated by law to contain less than 0.3% of THC, far too small an amount to harm your pet when hemp oil is properly dosed.

Hemp is high in another cannabinoid found in hemp: Cannabidiol. This compound is not psychoactive and it won’t get your dog high. But it does have several scientifically researched health benefits. This article will explore those most relevant for our senior and disabled canine companions, including those struggling with osteoarthritis, hip dysplasia, and other conditions that can reduce mobility. Wondering if dog CBD is right for your pooch? Read on.

The Endocannabinoid System

The use of cannabis for its medicinal qualities goes back centuries. However, the scientific exploration of the healing qualities is much more recent. The last few decades in particular have been marked by a surge in laboratory studies on tissues, animals, and humans.

One of the biggest breakthroughs was the discovery of the Endocannabinoid System (ECS) in the early 1990’s. It turns out that this system acts with a series of receptors, transmitters, and specialized enzymes to regulate several bodily functions including: metabolism, immunity, digestion, skin health, allergic reaction, anxiety, and more.

Many people think that it sounds like a scam when they see that CBD oil may have so many health benefits, however, it is precisely because the Endocannabinoid System regulates so many other functions in the body that it can have a broad stabilizing effect on these same systems.

Your dog, like all mammals, has her own endocannabinoid system (ECS). In addition to producing her own endocannabinoids, her ECS responds to the introduction of cannabinoids such those found in hemp oil. These can be introduced via food, supplements, and applied topically.

Benefits of CBD Oil for Dogs

High quality CBD oil may play an important role in a vet approved plan for your dog’s health. CBD may be especially useful in canines who suffer from mobility issues, persistent pain and inflammation, or chronic conditions that often come with age such as arthritis or hip dysplasia.

Let’s take a closer look at some of the science:

Pain Management

For many disabled and senior dogs, pain management is a key component of treatment to maintain quality of life. Pain can be caused from injury, surgery, and chronic and progressive disease such as IVDD, hip dysplasia, and arthritis. Reducing pain is important for your special needs dog’s quality of life.

Generally, pain management will include prescription medications such as opioids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Although these medications are very effective, they also come with serious side effects. Side effects include chemical dependence, long term liver damage, and the potential for a lethal overdose. On the other hand, the natural supplement cannabidiol has demonstrated in multiple studies to be effective in reducing pain with minimal side effects.

Decrease Inflammation

Inflammation is a significant source of pain for many of our handicapped and older dogs suffering from chronic conditions such as arthritis and hip dysplasia. Typically, these conditions are treated aggressively with NSAIDs.

Unfortunately, this class of drugs has come under recent controversy concerning the safety of their use, particularly for aging dogs and those experiencing organ dysfunction. This is particularly a concern for long term pain management. Long term NSAID use can have serious side effects on the gastrointestinal tract, liver, and kidneys. In fact, renal failure and death are possible risks of the long term use of this class of drugs. When choosing a treatment regimen for your pet, you and your veterinarian must always balance the risks and benefits of any medication to determine the best course of action for your pet.

Adding CBD to your pet’s treatment plan may be beneficial with minimal risk to your pet. Several studies have shown that cannabidiol has powerful anti-inflammatory effects, both when taken orally or when applied to the skin. One study showed CBD to be effective against inflammation caused by osteoarthritis, that it slowed the progression of this degenerative disease by preventing the nerve damage caused by inflammation! And, with fewer and less severe known side effects than many approved NSAID drugs commonly prescribed to senior pets.

Reduce the Use of Pain Medications with CBD Oil

CBD oil is thought to enhance the activity of opioids and NSAIDS, making it possible to reduce the dose of these drugs without compromising on pain control.

This is great news for dog owners looking to avoid complications from long term use of these drug classes. It certainly warrants a conversation with your veterinarian!

Improve Mobility

As our dogs age, they begin to show less interest in activities they once enjoyed. Daily walks, a swim in the pond – may become too much for a dog in pain to handle. It is heartbreaking to watch the process unfold and we all want to prolong our pet’s mobility as long as we can.

Because it can address both pain and inflammation, CBD oil may help to improve your aging dog’s mobility. One study on dogs showed that 2 mg of CBD administered twice daily improved mobility for dogs affected with osteoarthritis.

CBD Oil for Dogs with Arthritis

Arthritis is a common condition in dogs, especially seniors and large breeds. Symptoms of arthritis in dogs can include:

  • Joint pain
  • Stiffness
  • Decreased mobility
  • Difficulty jumping or using stairs
  • Lameness
  • Reluctance to engage in activities
  • Irritability or aggression

Arthritis pain can sadly have a significant impact on the quality of life of many senior dogs. CBD oil for arthritis is a relatively new treatment that has shown some benefit for dogs with arthritis pain.

Is there any veterinary research on CBD oil for dogs with arthritis? Great question!

Veterinary medicine tends to follow trends in human medicine, often lagging by years from testing to approval of veterinary drugs. The FDA has not approved a veterinary drug to treat arthritis based on CBD or hemp based compounds.

However, that is not to say that there is no research to support the use of CBD for arthritis. There are several promising studies that demonstrate that cannabidiol is effective at reducing inflammation in rat models of arthritis. One study showed that CBD was effective at reducing inflammation and slowed the progression of degeneration in rats.

Medical Research

Medical researchers are investigating how some cannabinoid receptors, such as the GPR55 receptor, may be directly implicated in the progression of joint problems in arthritis. One study showed that CBD interacts with this receptor in a way that seems to slow down the progression.

Although there is less research to be found specifically on CBD and dogs with arthritis, one study conducted by Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine in 2018 showed that 2 mg of CBD administered twice daily to dogs with arthritis resulted in decreased pain and increased activity levels. The dogs in the study also had no reported side effects from the treatment.

The Arthritis Foundation released a report giving some guidelines on the safe use of CBD for people suffering from arthritis. They note that: “Animal studies have suggested that CBD has pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory properties, but these effects have not been validated in quality studies in humans.

Although large clinical trials have not yet taken place, it is also fair to say that early research on the use of natural CBD for dogs with arthritis is promising. For dogs with arthritis, CBD may be another treatment option in addition to traditional arthritis medications and supplements.

CBD Oil for Dogs with Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is another common joint issue that begins during puppyhood. And, like arthritis, hip dysplasia is a condition that involves joint pain and inflammation.

Hip dysplasia is a genetic condition that occurs due to uneven growth of the hip joints. This results in arthritis of the hips, often at a young age. Just like dogs with arthritis, dogs with hip dysplasia experience joint pain, loss of mobility, and chronic inflammation. Other symptoms of hip dysplasia are also similar to those in dogs with arthritis, including:

  • Reluctance to rise from sitting or laying down
  • Difficulty with jumping or using stairs
  • Lameness in the hind legs
  • Decreased range of motion in the hips
  • Loss of muscle mass in the rear limbs

We know that CBD products can help with pain and inflammation. Many vets and pet owners are using CBD oil for dogs to help alleviate symptoms of hip dysplasia. This is giving our pets a better quality of life with less discomfort and more mobility.

Talk to Your Veterinarian About CBD Oil

Canine CBD oil is available ‘over the counter’, but always talk to your vet before adding a medication or supplement. This is especially important since CBD oil can interfere with the metabolism of other drugs your canine may need for proper treatment.

You may have been told, or heard not to eat grapefruit at the same time you take medications. The chemicals in grapefruit can temporarily inhibit cytochrome P450 enzymes in the liver which are critical for metabolizing these medications. Cannabidiol can have a similar inhibiting mechanism so timing your dosing may be very important.

Some dogs experience mild side effects from the use of CBD oil products. These may include symptoms such as mild sedation, seeming drowsy or “out of it”, vomiting, or diarrhea when first starting the product. If these side effects occur, or if you have any other questions or concerns about CBD oil for dogs, stop giving the product and contact your veterinarian for further advice.

If you do decide to give your dog CBD oil for arthritis or mobility issues, make sure you show the product you’ve chosen to your veterinarian first. Your vet will want to make sure the product is third-party lab tested, contains an appropriate dose of CBD, and is THC-free. Some CBD pet products do not meet these safety and clinical efficacy standards. Ask your veterinarian for recommendations to help you choose the best CBD products, or check out our guidelines below.

Best CBD for Dogs with Arthritis

If you want the best CBD oil for dogs for arthritis, be sure that you know what to look for.

Unfortunately, thanks to all the recent science on this supplement, demand is high and supply is still trying to catch up. This makes the market ripe for fake and low-quality products, a situation the FDA has warned pet owners about.

To choose the best CBD oil for dogs with arthritis, be sure to buy a safe product from a trusted company that makes high-quality CBD oil for dogs specifically, such as LolaHemp. If you decide to do your own research on a brand to try, be sure it checks off all of these important quality considerations:

Quality Considerations when selecting a CBD Oil

Made just for dogs: Avoid CBD oil products made for people which can include flavorings and other ingredients that can be harmful to canines. Dog owners should also be aware that many CBD oils made for people can also contain high levels of THC, which can be fatal to pets. The best CBD oil will be one made specifically for dogs.

Organic sourcing: Refined hemp oil can contain harmful pesticides and herbicides routinely used in industrial hemp farming. Pet owners should look for full-spectrum CBD oil products made from organically sourced hemp, such as LolaHemp products.

Third-Party Lab Tested: You should verify the quality and concentration of any hemp oil before you buy. Look for a product that has recently been third-party lab tested to be sure you are getting a high-quality CBD product tested for purity and concentration. The label should specify the mg of CBD and the product should be THC-free.

Full Spectrum: Full-spectrum CBD oil is the best CBD oil for dogs with arthritis, and it is considered superior to CBD isolate. Full-spectrum CBD oil – sometimes referred to as broad-spectrum CBD oil – contains all of the vital compounds found in the whole hemp plant. Even in trace amounts, these compounds improve the overall healing qualities of hemp, known as the “Entourage Effect.”

MCT Coconut Oil: Widely believed to boost the ability to metabolize CBD oils, an MCT coconut oil carrier oil is a sign of high quality. Look for a broad-spectrum CBD or full-spectrum CBD oil with an MCT carrier made specifically for dogs to ensure you’re getting a quality product.

Commitment to Animal Welfare

Put your money where your heart is. Support companies that make animal welfare a priority through service and donations to rescue pets in need. The best CBD oil for dogs with arthritis also helps other pets, too!

Guest Author:
Dr. Elizabeth Racine, DVM

Elizabeth Racine, DVM is a small animal veterinarian with a passion for improving the lives of pets. She has worked in the veterinary field in various roles for more than a decade. Dr. Racine’s professional interests in behavior, nutrition, and palliative care. As a writer, her work has been featured by several world-renowned pet health and wellness brands. Dr. Racine shares her home with her dog Dasher – a beagle with his own storied career training new veterinary students – and her trouble-making orange cat named Julius.

Guest Author:
Joey DiFrancesco

Joey DiFrancesco is an animal lover, rescue advocate and entrepreneur. He is the founder of natural pet products brand Lolahemp, as well as online pet novelty shop, Lolawawa’s. Both brands are heavily active within the rescue community and contribute a portion of proceeds to animal rescue efforts.

Cbd oil recipe

Cbd oil recipe MEDICAL MARIJUANA, INC. HOME CBD INGREDIENTS CBD BEVERAGES CBD BREAKFASTS CBD SNACKS CBD DINNERS CBD DESSERTS Adding CBD to your diet is a breeze with our easy to follow Come learn how to easily make your own cannabis-infused oil, ready to use in medicated edible recipes, topical salves, or even enjoy straight on its own.

Cbd oil recipe



Adding CBD to your diet is a breeze with our easy to follow hemp and CBD oil recipes.

Cannabidiol, more commonly known as CBD, is a natural compound that is quickly growing in popularity due to its exciting wellness benefits. While some people take CBD oil on its own by the mouth or even vape CBD oil, many are now looking to add CBD directly to their diet by integrating CBD products into their own homemade meals. With CBD products from Medical Marijuana, Inc., making your own CBD edible recipes using CBD oil at home is simple and easy!


CBD oil recipes offer a creative and flavorful way to get a serving of CBD each day. There are a seemingly unlimited number of recipes using CBD oil, both on our website and elsewhere on the web. This lets you choose from tons of different recipes for meals, snacks, and beverages, allowing you to help bring the benefits of CBD to you and your family as an essential part of any meal.

Creating your own CBD edibles at home also gives you complete and total control over the ingredients used. CBD edibles purchased pre-packaged from a store or online vendor may contain ingredients you would prefer to avoid. Making your own recipes using CBD oil allows you to make CBD edibles that meet your personal wants and needs. That means you can make CBD edibles that are vegan, gluten-free, or meet other dietary restrictions. You can also make CBD edibles that are paleo, low-carb, low-calorie, or low-fat.


The CBD experts at Medical Marijuana, Inc. have collected the best CBD oil recipes to help you get started adding CBD to your diet. Below, we will give you some tips for adding CBD to your meals. Once you understand the basics of cooking and baking with CBD, begin browsing our CBD recipes below.

While CBD is readily available in a range of products – like CBD chewy edibles, tinctures, capsules, vapes, and more – many of our customers are also using our CBD to make their own CBD recipes at home. CBD products purchased from Medical Marijuana, Inc. are guaranteed to be high-quality, reliable, and pure. If you are ready to get started making your own DIY CBD edibles using high-quality CBD products, follow the easy recipes using CBD oil below.


Many recipes that incorporate CBD oil are incredibly simple. If you are not someone who relishes spending time cooking in the kitchen, you might want to consider infusing CBD into common ingredients like butter and honey. By infusing CBD oil into these ingredients, it’s easier than ever to add CBD to any number of foods and drinks. Below, you can learn how to make a CBD-infused simple syrup, allowing you to quickly add CBD to pretty much any food or liquid.

How to Make Homemade Cannabis Oil (or CBD Oil)

Are you interested in making your own cannabis-infused oil? I don’t blame you! Making homemade cannabis oil is a great way to create a highly healing, concentrated, and versatile cannabis product. It is ready to use in edible recipes, topical salves, or even enjoy straight on its own. Especially if you use organic homegrown cannabis like we do, this is an excellent way to use up any extra or “fluffy” stuff too. It also happens to be very easy to make cannabis oil at home!

Follow along with these step-by-step instructions to learn how to make homemade cannabis oil. We’ll also briefly discuss the science behind cannabis oil, and what types of cannabis to use to make oil. Finally, we’ll go over various ways to use homemade cannabis oil, including some notes about caution and dosing with edibles.

What is Cannabis-Infused Oil

Cannabis oil is made by lightly heating (and thus infusing) cannabis in a “carrier oil”. Cannabinoids like CBD and THC, the most active components in cannabis, are both hydrophobic. That means they don’t like water, and are actually repelled by water molecules. On the flip side, CBD and THC are both fat-soluble. They like to bind with fatty acid molecules – such as those found in oil. When cannabis is steeped in oil, the THC and CBD molecules leave the buds or plant material and become one with the oil instead.

A wide variety of oils can be used to make cannabis oil. However, coconut oil and olive oil are the most popular and common. Coconut oil and olive oil are both pleasant-tasting and very nourishing for skin, making them versatile options for either medicated edibles or topical applications. Plus, they both have strong natural antifungal and antimicrobial properties. This helps prevent mold and extends the shelf life of your cannabis oil. Coconut oil is higher in saturated fat, which may bind fat-loving cannabinoids even more readily than olive oil.

Hemp Oil, CBD Oil, THC, or…

Your choice! You can make cannabis-infused oil with hemp or marijuana, depending on what is legal and available in your area. Or, what you’re desired end-results are. Hemp oil will only contain CBD (or a very minuscule amount of THC), while marijuana-infused oil will likely contain both THC and CBD. The ratio and concentration of THC and/or CBD depends on the strain of marijuana and particular plant it came from.

Generally speaking, THC is psychoactive and CBD is not. But THC does a lot more than change your state of mind! Studies show that THC has even stronger pain and stress-relieving properties than CBD, which is known to help with insomnia, seizures and inflammation. While they each have notable and distinct stand-alone benefits, an oil or salve containing both CBD and THC has the highest potential for a wide array of health benefits (albeit illegal in some places). Known as the “entourage effect”, the synergistic combination of both THC and CBD through whole-plant cannabis consumption and extracts is more powerful than either one on its own.

I personally like to use strains that are high in both THC and CBD to make oil and salves. To learn more about the differences between strains, CBD and THC, see this article: “Sativa, Indica & Autoflowers, the Differences Explained”.

Why Make Cannabis Oil

Cannabis oil is the foundation ingredient for ultra-healing homemade topical lotions, ointments, and salves – my favorite way to use it! Both THC and CBD have excellent anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antioxidant properties. Studies have shown that cannabinoids have the ability to reduce acne, fine lines and wrinkles, soothe redness and irritation, and balance natural skin oils. Also, cannabinoids (THC especially) are analgesic – meaning they reduce pain. I regularly use our homemade cannabis salve on my knees, ankles, and other aching or inflamed joints and muscles.

Furthermore, making cannabis oil is one of the most reliable ways to create medicated edible cannabis products. Even so, it is extremely difficult to determine the exact potency of homemade edibles or cannabis oil. Because of this, it is suggested to consume with caution in very small doses at first. Cannabis oil can be consumed on its own, or added to other edible cannabis recipes. (I personally prefer to make homemade cannabis tinctures over edibles.)

On the other hand, simply chopping up weed to add to your brownie mix is not a good idea, for many reasons. As we already explored, cannabinoids are fat-soluble. That means that they not only bind with oils during the infusion process, but also that cannabinoids are more readily absorbed and digested in our bodies when they’re consumed with fat – such as oil. If you add raw cannabis to baked goods, it is less likely that the cannabinoids will bind to fats for a consistent and effective edible experience. Using decarboxylated cannabis to make cannabis oil further increases precision and consistency.

Using Decarboxylated Cannabis for Oil

The cannabinoid compounds found in raw cannabis (THCA and CBDA) are not the same as those found in cannabis that has been heated – such as those inhaled (THC and CBD) when you ignite or vaporize cannabis, or when cooking with cannabis. The process of heating and “activating” cannabis is called decarboxylation. It is what makes cannabis psychoactive, and also more potent for medicinal applications.

Yet when it comes to heating cannabis, it is best to do so low, slow, and methodically. There are time and temperature “sweet spots” where raw THCA and CBDA are converted into active THC and CBD. But without a precise process, over-heating or under-heating cannabis can lead to uneven activation of THC and CBD. Even worse, it may even destroy the THC or CBD altogether!

The content (activation or decomposition) of THC with time and temperature. Note that CBD takes about 2x as long at the same temperatures. Graph courtesy of 420 Magazine

Most cannabis oil recipes call for cannabis that has already been properly decarboxylated first. The most common and fuss-free way is to decarb cannabis in the oven, and then add it to oil over a very low heat afterwards – avoiding further decarboxylation. Some folks choose to decarb their raw cannabis on the stovetop simultaneously with the oil infusion process. However, that requires significantly more careful monitoring to hit that time-temperature sweet spot (and not ruin it).

Therefore, our cannabis oil recipe calls for decarboxylated cannabis as well. I provide very brief instructions on how to decarb raw cannabis below, but you can read further information about exactly how and why to decarb cannabis in the oven in this article.

    1 cup of loosely ground decarboxylated cannabis. To be more precise, I suggest to use a kitchen scale to weigh out approximately 7 to 10 grams (a quarter ounce or just over), depending on your tolerance.

Agadir argan oil hair repair serum cbd

Oil- with Bond Multiplier plus CBD 50 mg Adds Shine And Softness As It Repairs. Naturally Derived Bond Multiplier Strengthens Hair 3X. It Works by Creating Additional Hydrogen And Ionic Bonds Within The Hair Keratin Structure. Hemp Oil has an Excellent Ratio of Omega-6 to Omega-3 Which Stimulate Hair Growth And Rebalance

Agadir argan oil hair repair serum cbd

Questions? Please contact us.

Mon – Fri between 10:00 am and 8:00 pm. Mail us at [email protected] or call (+31) 0103130718.

Items 1 – 12 of 36

Items 1 – 12 of 36

3047 BS, Rotterdam

Our Customer Service is available from
Mon. to Fri. from 09.00 to 20.00 hour,

Reach us faster through WhatsApp

  • ✓ Quick delivery by PostNL
  • ✓ Free delivery from €25,-
  • ✓ Ordered before 20:00, received tomorrow*
  • ✓ Friendly Customerservice

We gebruiken cookies om je beter en persoonlijker te helpen. Naast functionele cookies, plaatsen wij ook analytische cookies om de shop te verbeteren. Je kunt deze cookies accepteren door op de groene knop te klikken. Je kunt deze cookies ook weigeren, dan plaatsen we alleen functionele cookies.

Agadir Hair Repair Serum 4 Oz.

Adds Shine And Softness As It Repairs. Naturally Derived Bond Multiplier Strengthens Hair 3X.

It Works by Creating Additional Hydrogen And Ionic Bonds Within The Hair Keratin Structure.

Hemp Oil has an Excellent Ratio of Omega-6 to Omega-3 Which Stimulate Hair Growth And Rebalances The Moisture Level of the Scalp and Hair.

Therapeutic and Natural Essential oils: Argan, Lavender, Lemon, Orange, Grapefruit, Rosemary, Sage, Peppermint