There is a lot of interest in growing industrial hemp for CBD production, especially since hemp was legalized in the 2018 Farm Bill. Take a look at some of my previous articles regarding the potential risks and rewards in the CBD market as well as agronomic considerations for successful industrial hemp production. Hemp Production – Keeping … The Basics: CBD is a plant compound most abundantly found in hemp. It is a natural, non-psychoactive compound that promotes everyday health and wellness. Manitoba Harvest extracts CBD from hemp plants grown organically in the USA. Products with unmatched quality, safety, and precision that fit seamlessly into your life. We use a CO2 extraction technique for maximum purity and potency. Our products are THC Free* and are 3rd-party tested for quality and consistency. Choose the Broad Spectrum Hemp Extract product that’s right for you.
How to Harvest and Dry Hemp for CBD Production
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There is a lot of interest in growing industrial hemp for CBD production, especially since hemp was legalized in the 2018 Farm Bill. Take a look at some of my previous articles regarding the potential risks and rewards in the CBD market as well as agronomic considerations for successful industrial hemp production.
Fresh cut hemp drying. Whole plants hung in this fashion during the drying phase may have humidity trapped in the center due to the ‘closed umbrella’ shape that an entire plant takes on. Breaking off and hanging individual branches is recommended. Photo by George Place.
CBD oil extraction process. Photo by George Place
Harvesting hemp is a critical stage for CBD production. The presence of molds and mildews will lower the value of hemp floral biomass so a timely harvest is essential. There are visual clues on the hemp bud that growers should monitor. When trichomes on the hemp bud shift from white to milky white it may be time to harvest.
Weekly testing of CBD content can inform the grower of when harvest should be initiated. This is in addition to the required THC test with the North Carolina Department of Agriculture. While some of the tests for CBD, cannabinoids, terpenes, pesticide residue, mold, and heavy metals can cost as much as $300 the return on investment can be significant. For example, if 1000 lbs of biomass will be harvested on one acre the difference between harvesting when the crop is at 6% CBD versus when the crop is at 7%CBD is equivalent to 10 pounds of CBD oil. Current prices for CBD oil are $5 per gram. With 454 grams per pound, a 1% discrepancy in CBD content on one acre can be a $20,000 crop value difference. Growers need to test frequently to make the right decision regarding harvest timing.
Weather will also be a key factor in determining when to pull the harvest trigger. Harvest time for hemp coincides with the hurricane season. Growers will have an easier time drying and curing their hemp floral biomass if they can bring it in before the arrival of a storm. This is the time when adequate labor is crucial. The vast majority of hemp growers for the CBD market are relying on labor to cut the stalk (the machete is the current tool of choice) and load the biomass. This takes a lot of time and physical exertion. I have heard reports of growers that had an excellent crop of hemp floral biomass but suffered massive losses because they could not harvest it in time (their two-person harvest team was not adequate). The importance of measuring the labor requirement is a big reason why we recommend that first-year hemp growers for the CBD market start with 1 acre or less. Growers need to keep track of the amount of man and woman hours that it takes to bring in the harvest. Maintaining sharp tools during the harvest process will also save time and effort.
Drying and Curing Hemp
Hemp biomass made from chipping the entire hemp plant. This biomass is low quality and will receive a reduced price. Photo by George Place
Once hemp is harvested growers should immediately move the floral biomass to the drying facility. This could be a simple structure like a barn. The facility should be under roof, out of direct sunlight, and well ventilated. Growers need to set up several fans and have them blowing continuously. Significant ventilation is crucial! Ideal temperatures for drying and curing are 60 to 70 degrees F at 60% humidity. Some processors say that hemp growers should not dry their floral biomass at the same temperatures as flu-cured tobacco. Those temps are too high and dry the hemp too quickly. A slow drying with high airflow will cure the hemp, produce a higher quality end product (better cannabinoid and terpene spectrum), and fetch a higher price.
It is difficult to estimate the square footage of drying space needed per plant. Using a flu-cured tobacco with 800 square feet a grower was able to dry 1 acre worth of plants (approximately 1350 plants) in 3 days. Another grower was able to dry approximately 1.5 acres worth of hemp (plant number not stated) in a 2500 square foot barn.
Hanging entire plants upside down on wires in the drying barn is a common practice. Unfortunately, as those plants dry the branches droop down in the formation of a closing umbrella. That closing umbrella shape results in less airflow to the center of that entire hemp plant. Thus more mold and mildew will grow in that center portion. We advise growers to break off the individual branches from the hemp plant and hang branches on the drying wire, not whole plants. This step is more labor intensive but will help minimize mold and mildew.
Dry and shucked (stem removed) hemp flower biomass. Photo by George Place
Dry hemp biomass still on the stem, referred to as unshucked. Photo by George Place
Explore Hemp Extract
CBD is a plant compound most abundantly found in hemp. It is a natural, non-psychoactive compound that promotes everyday health and wellness. Manitoba Harvest extracts CBD from hemp plants grown organically in the USA.
What is broad spectrum hemp extract with CBD?
CBD (short for cannabidiol) – the main component of Broad Spectrum Hemp Extract – is one of more than 100 chemical compounds known as cannabinoids present in the hemp plant.
Manitoba Harvest Broad Spectrum Hemp Extract contains precise levels of CBD, plus additional compounds from the hemp plant that work together synergistically to support human health and equilibrium. Our Broad Spectrum Hemp Extract goes through a rigorous CO2 extraction process to remove unwanted compounds such as THC,* waxes, and other contaminants.
Unlike hemp seed oil, our Broad Spectrum Hemp Extract with CBD is made from the plant’s leaves and flowers, which are abundant in cannabinoids.
How does CBD work?
CBD interacts with the human endocannabinoid system – think of it as our master regulatory system. It regulates lots of our psychological and cognitive processes and helps regulate how our bodies react to the trials and tribulations of everyday life. That’s why CBD can help:
Hemp Extract Supplements
Products with unmatched quality, safety, and precision that fit seamlessly into your life. We use a CO2 extraction technique for maximum purity and potency. Our products are THC Free* and are 3rd-party tested for quality and consistency. Choose the Broad Spectrum Hemp Extract product that’s right for you.
Oil Drops – 50mg CBD/ml
Oil Drops – 30mg CBD/ml
Promote Balance with CBD
CBD is one of more than 100 compounds in hemp known as phytocannabinoids. CBD and other phytocompounds in our Broad Spectrum Hemp Extract interact with your body’s endocannabinoid system to promote balance and well being, calm a busy mind, and restore the body after a workout.
How do I choose the product that’s right for me?
There are no set guidelines for choosing one format (drops, sprays, or softgels), over another, but here are some factors you may want to consider:
CBD Oil Drops offer flexibility for precision serving sizes, with 10 mg, 30mg, or 50mg of CBD per 1 ml serving.
CBD Oil Sprays also offer flexibility, with 5 mg of CBD in approximately 4 pumps. Both drops and sprays are good options for those wanting to experiment with their serving size.
CBD Softgels offer a consistent and reliable serving size in 15mg or 50mg CBD per serving options and are a great option for those looking for ease and convenience.
What is the benefit of a CO2 extraction process?
The CO2 extraction method uses carbon dioxide under high pressure and extremely low temperatures to preserve and maintain the purity of the extract, leaving behind no chemical residues. Manitoba Harvest carefully selected this process to deliver a product that is safe, potent, consistent and THC Free*.
*(contains less than 0.01% THC)
Will Manitoba Harvest CBD get me high?
No, our Broad Spectrum Hemp Extract with CBD is completely non-intoxicating. While some users of CBD report a sense of wakeful calm, Broad Spectrum Hemp Extract with CBD is not derived from the marijuana plant, does not result in a “high,” contains less than 0.01% THC (the compound that creates intoxication) and is considered THC Free.
Are your products third-party tested for safety and consistency?
Yes! Every batch of Manitoba Harvest Broad Spectrum Hemp Extract with CBD goes through a rigorous third-party testing process to ensure maximum purity, label accuracy and absence of harmful toxins and residues. Each product is traceable from seed to shelf.
How do I calculate my optimal serving?
CBD and other cannabinoids affect people differently, so the ideal serving may vary by individual. Many experts recommend starting with a small daily serving and increasing slowly from there until you notice desired effects.
Why are your products called “Broad Spectrum”?
CBD, short for cannabidiol, is one of more than 100 cannabinoids in the hemp plant. Our Broad Spectrum Hemp Extract contains verified levels of hemp-derived CBD as well as other cannabinoids and terpenes that work synergistically with CBD to enhance and complement its effects – a “broad spectrum” of hemp plant phytocompounds. This cooperation is known as the “entourage” or “ensemble” effect.